How Does Bitcoin Work? November 28, 2022 Cryptocurrency Now that you know why everyone is rushing to grab Bitcoins, it may be a good idea to find out how exactly this cryptocurrency works. Categorizing Bitcoins has been a controversial task from the start; opinions are divided on whether to consider it a store-of-value, a currency, an asset, or payment network. The truth is Bitcoin is a decentralized digital phenomenon involving a set of processes and protocols. As far as cryptos go, Bitcoin was the first to have entered the crypto world and continues to dominate it. Bitcoin successfully inspired thousands of imitators but continues to hold the largest market cap. Besides bitcoins, several other crypto coins are also gaining popularity. Many traders are interested in new coin launches and presales as they get a chance to buy crypto coins at low prices. Traders may check the Die spannendsten Coin Launches blog to find the latest crypto presales. How Bitcoin Transactions happen: Bitcoin transactions require a wallet which can be downloaded onto your smartphone or any device. Every Bitcoin is essentially a computer file that is stored in a wallet app on a computer/phone. People can send BTC to your wallet and you can transfer BTC to others from your wallet. All transactions in this crypto are recorded in a public ledger called the blockchain. Since everyone can view this, you can trace a Bitcoin’s history and prevent double-spending. Records once added to the blockchain cannot be deleted or tampered with. This makes Bitcoin transactions secure and immutable. You can get Bitcoins by buying these using real cash. You can sell products and services and accept payments for these in Bitcoins. Alternately, you can create coins through your computer by mining. You will need specialized high-end computers designed for mining to generate new Bitcoins. These machines need a lot of power to solve complex cryptographic puzzles. Once these are solved successfully, the computers/miners are rewarded with new coins. However, as the mining difficulty levels keep climbing and costs of electricity become steeper, mining is becoming increasingly difficult and expensive. If you are a beginner, you can start buying Bitcoins without understanding all the technicalities. Transactions happen when value gets transferred between two Bitcoin wallets. These wallets will contain private keys for signing transactions. This signature prevents transactions from being changed by anyone. The Bitcoin runs on the blockchain. Since its debut, this technology has evolved separately and now finds use in a wide spectrum of industries. Any blockchain has blocks of data that are arranged chronologically. The data can be a string of 0s and 1s and could include contracts, bond trades, emails, etc. So, any kind of contract between parties can be set up through a blockchain provided both parties agree to it. This eliminates the need for third parties like financial institutions and banks. Anyone can access or use the Bitcoin network, regardless of your location or political affiliations. This is why the prospects of blockchain application are huge. While all transactions in the blockchain may be public, Bitcoins cannot be tampered with. There are no physical Bitcoins per se; so, one cannot protect these by storing them inside a safe. The only concern is that of double-spending. But to do this, the actor will need to have control of more than 51% of the total mining power. Given how large a Bitcoin network is, holding this amount of computing power is practically impossible. Besides mining, halving is another aspect which beginners should know before trading Bitcoins. Miners will be rewarded with new coins for solving and validating transactions. But, the reward amount gets halved every 4 years and this episode is called “halving”. This system had been introduced as a deflationary measure. There can only be 21 million Bitcoins and no more. Halving is meant to allow Bitcoin mining to go on until 2140. The system backs BTC’s stock-to-flow ration, lowering its inflation till it becomes zero.