Although the CIA insists that MKUltra-type experiments have been abandoned, some CIA observers say there is little reason to believe it does not continue today under a different set of acronyms.[*] Victor Marchetti, author and 14-year CIA veteran, stated in various interviews that the CIA routinely conducted disinformation campaigns and that CIA mind control research continued. In a 1977 interview, Marchetti specifically called the CIA claim that MKUltra was abandoned a "cover story."[*][*] Dr. Robert Duncan, a modern former scientist for the CIA, DOD, and US DOJ confirms it continues on today under new program names, together with former CIA operative Mark Phillips.[*][*][*][*] The Oregon State Hospital uses mind control on it's patients in conjunction with the CIA, and I am one such victim of their program. #cia #mkultra

The scarecrows lair of the Oregon State Hospital. The employees are ready to make you sick. Hospital of Genocide - Click for info MKULTRA psychotronic weapons - click for CIA info SEIU 503 state employees union at OSH (also known as local 392, presence removed from the web soon after my page launched) Dr. Jonathan Crane induced psychosis on people to set them up keep them at Arkam Insane Asylum, much like OSH's doctors.
home
donation drive
NEW: Book Store/Amazon Store
NSA Remote Neural Monitoring
my story/story.html
Videos, Pics, Audio evidence
Other evidence
OSH Bonita Tucker scandal
Technology/Mind Control Websites
Patents on the Technology
NSA Abuses
CIA Abuses
US DOJ Abuses
Government Abuses
/d folder

Community/discuss:
forums
Internet Relay Chat

for patients and family:
hospital resource center
audio testimonies
forum testimonies

quick evidence:
My sexual abuse at OSH
Security Slips at OSH 2007
Witness comes forward
dates and times, hidden scandal
State hides cases 4 Bonita Tucker
latest torture complaint
/d/media_archive/ is important
DVD.iso, video evidence
Dr. Robert Duncan 2006
Dr. Robert Duncan 2012
CIA/FBI EMF Torture Methods
/d/legal541/
Psych eval, 8/2013
FFCSH letter
USIS weapons whistleblower
Dr. Suckow eval, 2007
me beat up by OSH staff
me beat up by police
weapons info/NSA


Join us on Facebook



Like us, keep up to date, and share your thoughts on Facebook

Twitter:
Twitter







Donate with GoFundMe!
http://www.gofundme.com/toddgiffen
Donate with PayPal or GoFundMe - our goal is to raise $1,000,000 for legal and medical expenses. By donating, you're helping both to protect America, and to expose governmental abuse!

Contact us:
Todd Giffen
405 W Centennial BLVD
Springfield, OR 97477

case@oregonstatehospital.net

Call the oregonstatehospital.net abuse reporting and info hotline about my case, the website, your problems, and the hospital at 503-967-5202 (toll-free from OSH) - currently seeking telephone complaints and depositions from patients and friends and family of patients about the hospital, especially when abuse or civil rights violations are involved. there's a chance I may post your messages on my site or use them in a lawsuit against the hospital, when the time comes.

Call us for free by entering your phone number below (if the call doesn't go through, untick "Keep number private"):


Current location:
Modesto, California. Getting brutalized.
Got Twitter and want to support the victims and tell the world about this issue? Then please retweet this - Thanks! | Covert Operations of the US National Security Agency | FBI Special Agent Ted Gunderson, previous head of FBI Los Angeles, confirms FBI/US DOJ/CIA/NSA/US Military Intelligence/State and Local governments engaging in programs of gangstalking, surveillance, kidnappings, and assassinations of USA citizens nationwide operating today in this affidavit before his death in 2011 (just like in Oregon!) | Dr. Robert Duncan, CIA/DOD/US DOJ surveillance and weapons architect confirms my abuse and torture | 8/22/2013: Cathy Meadows, M.A., Clinical Psychology, Expert on Whistleblower Retaliation, and Covert Harassment and Surveillance confirms my abuse and set up. | Derrick Robinson, previously employee of US Navy and National Security Agency, now Executive Director of Freedom from Covert Harassment and Surveillance, Lends His Support (Letter) | Torture complaint to United Nations and FBI dated 01/03/2014, about my abuse and set up in Oregon, with most of my story. | My Brain Injury from OSH, Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. | Dr. Colin Ross, Psychiatrist, Military Mind Control Expert, Offers To Help.

Did you witness the technologies abuse in Oregon or elsewhere? Ready to blow the whistle yet? Call: 503-967-5202 or mail: case@oregonstatehospital.net.

Click through to story.html for evidence about my abuse, the hospital scandal, and the use of this surveillance and mind control technology nationwide (updated 8/29/2014).

Updated: 7/5/2014

This page will always be about my investigation and documentation on Russell Tice, NSA Signals Intelligence "satellite and space capability specialist." I have since run into verifiable proof of what satellites were, including their directed energy capabilities, Star Wars Beam weapon capabilities, remote sensing and electron imaging abilities, TAMI/Remote Neural Monitoring, and how they're used for global spy games. I leave you with the proof from the horses mouth, that this (and radar systems) is being used by the NSA on Americans during continuous "black operations." Also, another whistleblower named Dr. Robert Duncan of the DOD/CIA/US DOJ says that democracy officially ended in 1976, when this technology was deployed. And in fact: NSA has been vetting candidates like Barack Obama, and various people in the top 10% to maintain power for some time. When they spied on Barack Obama after he won the Illinois primary to become Senator (2004), did they really plant him there and were they just "watching over him" or were they really making sure he was safe to include in their operation? If he was truly an outsider, they would have spotted if he had potential for use, to find a way to penetrate and use him, which may have resulted in his fast rise to Presidency and potential help from the inside to get him there (including help with sabotage of opponents, monetary help, manipulation of public, etc (ie. rigged election)). It is unequivocal that this is what they use this technology for. Hear it from the horses mouth in this video, and read/listen/view on down for all the evidence you need, that I could compile, including my own personal story about how I was targeted and set up to hide my knowledge of this system..

Please ponder to yourself: ask what security is there, if the government has the power to control things behind the scenes, if they have the power to observe a person unwittingly and go to them knowing exactly what they know and how they're going to respond and act (and how to infiltrate their mind and defenses)? How can we safe guard from the government, when there's no public involvement or oversight over the surveillance or weapons systems? How can we be sure that intelligence information isn't used to abuse and control us, the way it already is being used for?

USIS.html conversation transcripts: a whistleblower comes forward to confirm existence of the US governments technology, that they saw plans for on paper while working for US Investigative Services (a major US military intelligence contractor). Her belief is that I was a victim of psych / weapons experimentation.


Download

Dr. Robert Duncan, a CIA / DoD / US DOJ whistleblower who helped design these weapons, came forward to confirm these weapons are being used on a global scale (on Americans, too) to torture people. Apparently some of the weapons are based around US patent 3951134, and the capabilities were retro fitted into radar systems starting in 1976. He came forward because his colleagues were being knocked off, and he says his research and work is being misused. He worried the psychopaths were going to get him before he could tell the world what they're really doing to everybody. Read his book here: The Matrix Deciphered. (he's featured in multiple videos below discussing it, as well. Like the Who Is Elisa Lam video, 41 minutes in, and the episode Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura titled Brain Invaders towards the end.).

Additional audio evidence: Interview with Dr. Robert Duncan on Coast to Coast on Directed-energy weapons in 2006, and Dr. Robert Duncan's confession on Jesse Ventura's Conspiracy Theory "Brain Invaders" Episode, Broadcast on TruTV on December 17th, 2012:

Download - Jesse Ventura / Dr. Robert Duncan 2012 confession


Download - Dr. Robert Duncan, Coast to Coast 2006 interview

Mark Phillips, retired CIA operative, backs Dr. Robert Duncan up:

Download - Mark Phillips backs Dr. Robert Duncan up

Dr. Robert Duncan's biography, per Coast to Coast:
Dr. Robert Duncan holds multiple degrees from Harvard University and Dartmouth College amongst others. He has had the most expensive American education money can buy. He is an investigator, author, and soon be movie producer on the topics of directed energy, neurological weapons, psychological, and information warfare. His movie is called "The Enemy Within - Psychic Warfare". A book he is co-authoring will be out in a few months called "Hacking the Human Mind".

Dr. Duncan has worked as a business and information technology consultant to the Fortune 500. He has worked for companies like Oracle Corporation, BEA systems, HP, BBN, and as a professor at a college. For the department of defense he has written the artificial intelligence code to track the Soviet nuclear submarine fleet with passive and active acoustical arrays and has been to a couple secret NATA Navy underground bases in Europe.


Dr. Fred Bell, yet another DOD scientist, goes further into the symptoms of electronic assault and harassment:


The full episode of Brain Invaders, featuring Dr. Robert Duncan and CIA Operative Mark Phillips from above:


Download a copy

New: Death Ray episode of Conspiracy Theory with Jesse Ventura which covers directed-energy. BTW, this series pretty much paints a bigger picture of government corruption, dangerousness, and complexity that is all real and generally unknown to the typical citizen living inside The Matrix. Every single episode covers some part of it, and how it literally dominates and destroys the American society making this world undesirable to live in or to be born into.:


Download a copy

Police State Video, covering the military industrial complex control of society but not necessarily their ties to major universities, hospitals, doctors and researchers throughout the country. Most interesting information here in this video is the FUSION CENTERS, fusing the CIA, FBI, NSA, State Police, City Police, Sheriffs, Homeland Security, US Air Force, US Navy, and Department of Defense, all together, all with access to illegal surveillance and military weapons systems, taking orders and coordinating with one another. Yes, this is how they have kept my targeting a secret, because they're all together, with full access to the covert technologies being used on the public.


Download a copy

More directed energy media:

Who Is Elisa Lam? - Pt1 - Energy Weapons, WhoisElisaLam April 14th, 2013:

Download a copy


Dr Judy Wood : Evidence of breakthrough energy technology on 9/11, Breakthrough Energy Movement Holand 2012:


Vision Reconstruction, UC Berkeley December 1st, 2011:


Getting visual data from a cat's brain in realtime (TechnoCalyps), October 30th, 2009:


B2B - BrainToBrain: A BCI Experiment - May 2009, May 22nd, 2009:


the misdiagnosis of targeted individuals 01, December 20th, 2010:


Now on with the show!

In 2006, the US Department of Justice showed up at the Oregon State Hospital to conduct their pitiful CRIPA investigation, and brought with them some heavily militarized technology. It's my opinion that they used the National Security Agency's capabilities at the facility to spy on the patients, and they conducted an illegal investigation at the hospital claiming it was to discover civil rights violations, when they were really helping the state cover up crimes and abuse going on. I became a target of this technology that they had "outside of the building" allowing them to analyse my thoughts and see and hear me through the walls. I had caught the OSH staff illegally using it on me, and discussing it in the 48B hall-ways, which were fully recorded with cameras and microphones. They also discussed a state scandal involving the Bonita Tucker situation, and the states motive for covering it up: the lack of liability insurance, in which I was the key witness/victim. Numerous staff admitted that I was being spied on with remote technology, and others abused and assaulted me, while others helped cover it up and kept it all secret. In August of 2008, for trying to expose this to the world by hiring an attorney and contacting the Statesman Journal, they used the directed energy capabilities to try to off me, flooding my body with radiation and forcing expansion of my body, causing convulsions, high pulse (170 range), shock and incapacitation, all while looping and beaming video, sound, and noise into my head that only I could sense, nearly killing me, and totally mutilating me. 5 years go by, and I have been kept in their control non-stop, and there is practically no method to stopping it or exposing these psychopaths. I have learned that every agent around Oregon, is involved in some type of black ops abuse, using this surveillance technology on the public in secret, communicating with each other covertly, and using it to dominate and control everybody.

Below I document the NSA warrantless surveillance scandal, space capability, directed weapons and mind reading technology that is totally based on physical science, patents, and real technology. Every ounce of it was generated elsewhere, or leaked by someone else other than me. I didn't make any of this up, and it's all totally verifiable information.

NSA Abuses section has other NSA surveillance articles.

Common weapons terms used in association with this technology: remote sensing, electrons, electromagnetism, bioelectromagnetism, neurons, evoked potentials, radiation, satellites, mind control, mind reading technology, psychosis simulation, electromagnetic weapon, electromagnetic imaging, neuro weapon, psychotronic weapon, synthetic telepathy, brain-computer interface, remote neural network, remote neural monitoring, electronic brain link, voice to skull (v2k), directed energy weapon, particle beam weapon, radiation weapon, microwave weapon, remote brain/nerve stimulation, ultrasound weapon, and infrasound weapon.

Snowden reveals US intelligence's black budget: $52.6 billion on secret programs: http://rt.com/usa/snowden-leak-black-budget-176/, which helps pad the NSAs $10 billion yearly regular budget.

What's here?

  1. Before we begin
  2. Videos...
  3. NSA Whistleblower Russell Tice, and the disclosure of NSA Remote Neural Monitoring/Electronic Brain Link.
  4. History on RNM/EBL
  5. Russell Tice Revelations Re-capped
  6. More information and references
  7. Dr. Robert Duncan, The Matrix Deciphered & His other books
  8. Electromagnetic / Psychotronic spectrum
  9. Church Committee, 1975
  10. Space Preservation Act, weapons ban of 2001
  11. Patents for psychotronic weapons
  12. US patent for remote neural monitoring, filed 1998
  13. One US patent for remote brainwave reading/manipulation, filed 1974
  14. Raytheon patent for Multifunctional radio frequency directed energy system for tracking and targeting all earthly objects and particles
  15. US Air Force patent for RF Hearing Effect, filed 1996
  16. US Air Force patent for voice to skull/v2k, capability for beaming voices into the heads of humans/animals, filed 2002
  17. Patent for microwave hearing effect that pre-dates the US Air Force's by more than a decade
  18. Patent for the neurophone, the first synthetic telepathy based technology, from 1968


Retweet/discuss on Twitter...


Before we begin

To the top


Some will question how I know the NSA is behind this; to that I say, simply look at all the leaks from the whistleblowers, talk to people who know about these capabilities (military / police veterans, for example), and look at the NSAs confirmed space capabilities. The NSA is the only Agency in the United States who can monitor air wave and radiation emissions remotely besides the United States Department of Defense and any sub-groups (NRO, US Air Force, etc), and everything you derive from that tells a story of corruption. The primary job of the NSA is actually to do this, so if the NSA is able to watch all the energy emissions of the world with remote sensors and space weapons, they are also able to watch all those innocent people being burned alive, tortured, and mind controlled with these capabilities - they are the only other ones that can monitor radiation signals of various wavelengths outside the light spectrum. They are the only damn ones, who can detect and watch a stream of radiation being directed at an individual, or other object. They are also the only damn ones with this capability up in space, watching everybody, with leaks and information about them doing so. And so, all the thousands of nationwide reports of energy weapons attacks, some of them have to be true, because I know mine is. And so even if the NSA isn't directly behind all the attacks (just trying to get you to think about whatever problem comes up in your head), they are permitting the attacks and keeping them secret. They would have to be literally watching and keeping the thousands of mind control victims a secret, if not using their own weapons to conduct the attacks themselves... People, please fucking kill these bitches now, or at least confiscate their weapons and force them to disclose their true capabilities.

Who else has been abused with these attacks? Take a look at all the links and articles about these attacks over in the Technology/Mind Control Websites section (sites listed there like FreedomFCHS have quite a few victims blogs and infos on these attacks, Washington Post Mind Games article, resources, etc). Here are the symptoms of an attack: http://mindjustice.org/symptoms.htm

The NSA people are truly the most well connected and intelligently organized misinformation distributors on the planet. Society has been manufactured and made what it is today. They are behind every problem and deficit we have, and they are mind controlling society as a whole to be misinformed, incapable, and in the dark on all major world issues. They seek to control information as a weapon, and they have succeeded and have prevented people world wide from working to protect themselves with their plots. They get us to approve all this by lying about situations that aren't real, lying about situations that are real that they don't want us to believe, to get us to approve their intrusive operations without question and keep us in control.

Please stand up with me, Edward Snowden, Russell Tice, and other whistleblowers to combat this. Please try to see through the US governments lies. You've all been blinded for so long, like you were living inside a matrix for your mind. A system designed just to give you enough to be happy and content, and not revolt against your political and corporate leaders. We have been kept poor, sick, uneducated, and without information that would make us reject everything happening all around us. Think to yourself about it, and I'm sure it will start to make sense in time, if it doesn't already. You also have no protection from them, and these weapons, and there's no telling the true damage they've done... they could have modified thousands of unwitting people by now, thousands of situations engineered to their advantage with their surveillance and mind influencing abilities. And everything has been engineered to prevent their prosecution and global fallout, while you sit there consuming Xbox, Facebook, and KFC like the world around you doesn't exist.

Videos...

To the top


Now featuring 30 videos, including one of a recording made from a persons brainwave activity and one of the World Trade Center being dustified with a directed energy weapon! Plus 5 NSA Whistleblower Russell Tice videos, one disclosing NSA space capability and satellites being used to illegally spy on Americans.

Sen. Rand Paul Defends the Fourth Amendment - February 11, 2014...


When will Americans realize that we're living in a giant mind control concentration camp? (article)

Snowden's Christmas message: Privacy first, RT America December 24th, 2013:


Transcript of the interview..

German Television does first Edward Snowden Interview, Das January 27th, 2014:


'US citizen has no right to free speech?' State Dept spokesperson grilled over Snowden, RT July 16th, 2013:


The first NSA Whistleblower, Russell Tice admits, that the NSA are spying on everyone, every signal, every communication, in every possible manner possible, and recording the content, not just metadata. When he worked at the NSA, he worked for Signals Intelligence, and used satellites and "space capability" to target and go after journalists, lawyers, judges (Judge Alito for the US Supreme Court), financial institutions, politicians (Senator Dianne Feinstein, Barack Obama before he was elected), generals (General David Petraeus), admirals, and the public. This wasn't for criminal justice, either. This was black ops abuse, operations which were conducted in secret and not disclosed to anyone who wasn't directly involved. Read on below for the details on other powerful revelations.

NSA Blackmailing Obama? | Interview with Whistleblower Russ Tice, Breaking The Set with Abby Martin July 9th, 2013:


Follow up from the above video with Abby Martin:

NSA Blackmailing Corporate Media? | Interview with Russ Tice, Breaking The Set with Abby Martin September 5th, 2013:


William/Bill Binney and Russell Tice disclose new revelations about NSA spying on PBS with Judy Woodruff. NSA Inspector General goes on the defense, basically lying about his knowledge of NSA programs/abuses.

NSA Collects 'Word for Word' Every Domestic Communication, Says Former Analyst, PBS August 1st, 2013:


MSNBC censored Russell Tice and refused to let him discuss new revelations in this video, minutes before doing this interview. More details...

Fmr Agent Russell Tice Accuses Obama, NSA Of LYING, Alleges BROADER Spying Programs, MSNBC June 21st, 2013:


This is a great older Russell Tice video from 2009. The NSA and US government definitely targeted other groups of people, non-terrorists groups of people. Russell Tice claims that the internet and phone surveillance programs are the "low tech" side of the surveillance capabilities, while there are other capabilities, remote space capabilities, that make up the "high tech" side (note: he would not confirm nor deny the space capabilities were used until 2013). Of course, Russell Tice worked at Signals Intelligence, a division of the NSA that deals primarily with electromagnetic imaging and remote space and ground sensors. This would be the ability to see and hear into your homes directly, tap your electronics and brain remotely, and monitor your activities everywhere you go, even if you're not using any electronic devices directly. Read the NSA Remote Neural Monitoring article below, and take a look at the Wikipedia NSA Signals Intelligence, and TEMPEST article (links below RNM/EBL article):

Countdown: NSA Whistleblower- Bush Administration Spying on Journalists- Recording "Everything", MSNBC January 21, 2009:


Former NSA intelligence agent Russell Tice condemns reports that the Agency has been engaged in eavesdropping on U.S. citizens without court warrants. Tice has volunteered to testify before Congress about illegal black ops programs at the NSA. Tice said, "The freedom of the American people cannot be protected when our constitutional liberties are ignored and our nation has decayed into a police state."

EXCLUSIVE: National Security Agency Whistleblower Warns Domestic Spying Program Is Sign the U.S. is Decaying Into a "Police State", Democracy Now! January 3rd, 2006:


NSA Pwns World of Warcraft & Nerds Out on Porn | Big Brother Watch, Breaking The Set with Abby Martin December 9th, 2013:


Do you really believe anything the NSA or our officials say at this point? Telephone and internet monitoring when they say it isn't happening? Check.. Space capability and remote sensing that no one is talking about but a select few? Also, check, just to inform you.

That thing they said they're not doing, they're totally doing!, Jon Stewart December 9, 2013:


President Barack Obama lying on Jay Leno about there being no domestic spying on Americans in August 2013, after we knew this to be untrue, as Colbert Report summarizes in the below video.

The rule in the game is, "what you don't admit to .. they can never figure out". So the President's pleading the 5th, lying with a ton of cover stories, and covering up all this mass surveillance/military abuse..

NSA press conference on domestic spying, Colbert Report August 15, 2013:


This video covers human and life biology from top to bottom, to mind control. Learn about yourselves and life around you. The basic building blocks of life includes electromagnetic energy, it's even in your DNA. Dr. Robert Duncan, a CIA whistleblower who helped develop the technology, also confirms this technology is in mass use domestically today, and they are targeting everyone, beaming voices into peoples heads, and more. There's no escape from these weapons either, watch the full video.

My new video, explaining what's in my head today.

New leaked details, NSA warrantless surveillance and black operations programs, Todd Giffen January 9th, 2014:


The government surveillance program is just mind control, used illicitly for their own purpose., Todd Giffen January 14th, 2014:


NSA Remote Neural Monitoring, Signals Intelligence, Electromagnetic Weapons abuses. obamasweapon.com, Todd Giffen September 5, 2013:

I discuss phreaking, how electromagnetic emanates from all sources that use electrons, which can all be read and tapped into remotely via satellite and other remote sensors by the US government. They can tap keyboard, monitor, DVI, internet and communication cables/equipment, and monitor human brains and thoughts remotely. TEMPEST/ECHELON is the classified codename for the system that allows this. I also describe my torture and abuse by the US government with these weapons, which also include directed energy and microwave weapons which can remotely assault, induce psychosis, and remotely control nerve/brain function. More details about this abuse in the NSA Whistleblower Russell Tice's document on my website, which lays out the abilities of Signals Intelligence.

General Michael Hayden developed these systems for global remote surveillance and spying on Americans, while running human experiments on mind control and sabotage between 2001-2009. He was the highest ranking general at the US Air Force, while he also headed the NSA and CIA. Today, President Barack Obama is directly responsible for my abuse and slaughter with these weapons systems.

Psychologists evaluation, Cathy Meadows, saying I am not psychotic, and was targeted for trying to expose the illegal use of this technology at the Oregon State Hospital by the State of Oregon, Central Intelligence Agency, and US Department of Justice in 2008, before they attacked me, and tried to murder me with this technology. I was a victim for trying to blow the whistle, and expose these abuses. http://www.oregonstatehospital.net/d/Cathy-Meadows-Psychology-Evaluation.pdf

my story in this 700 page pdf: http://oregonstatehospital.net/d/9-4-2013-latest_complaint_sent_to_us_doj_civil_rights_division.pdf
nsa signals intelligence/remote neural monitoring information: http://www.oregonstatehospital.net/d/russelltice-nsanrmebl.html
website: http://www.obamasweapon.com/
twitter account: http://www.twitter.com/toddgiffen
donation drive: http://www.oregonstatehospital.net/donatetothecause.html


RT vids..

Jesse Ventura: Two evils in US politics mean no choice at all, RT November 25th, 2013:


Couple of Jesse Ventura, Off The Grid videos..

NSA Whistleblower Thomas Drake Goes #OffTheGrid | Jesse Ventura Off The Grid - Ora TV, Jesse Ventura March 12th, 2014:


Who Gives the U.S. the Right to Use Drones? | Jesse Ventura Off The Grid - Ora TV, Jesse Ventura February 18th, 2014:


Real Life Vigilante: Edward Snowden | Jesse Ventura Off The Grid - Ora TV, Jesse Ventura February 12th, 2014:


Ron Paul Goes #OffTheGrid | Jesse Ventura Off The Grid - Ora TV, Jesse Ventura January 31st, 2014:


Edit: Anonymous videos temporarily commented out for page render speed up/crash reasons. Will be fixed later.

NSA Whistleblower Russell Tice, and the disclosure of NSA Remote Neural Monitoring/Electronic Brain Link.

To the top


nsa.pdf from Mireille Torjman synthetic telepathy ills lawsuit (2010)

Is the NSA Conducting Electronic Warfare On Americans?

Jonas Holmes May 19, 2006 CHRONICLE ARTICLE

Russ Tice, former NSA intelligence officer and current Whistleblower, was to testify before the Senate Armed Services Committee this week. Apparently the testimony, Mr. Tice wanted to give, makes General Hayden's phone surveillance program look like very small potatoes. Mr. Tice's testimony is expected to reveal further illegal activity overseen by General Michael Hayden which even loyal and patriotic NSA employees view as unlawful. I think the people I talk to next week are going to be shocked when I tell them what I have to tell them. IT'S PRETTY HARD TO BELIEVE, Tice said. I hope that they'll clean up the abuses and have some oversight into these programs, which doesn't exist right now. According to Mr. Tice, what has been disclosed so far is only the tip of the iceberg. What in the world could Russ Tice be talking about! To figure it out let us take a look at Russ Tice's work at the NSA.

According to the Washington Times and numerous other sources, Mr. Tice worked on special access programs related to electronic intelligence gathering while working for the NSA and DIA, where he took part in space systems communications, non-communications signals, electronic warfare, satellite control, telemetry, sensors, and special capability systems. Special Access Programs or SAPs refer to Black Budgets or Black Operations. Black means that they are covert and hidden from everyone except the participants. Feasibly there would be no arena with a greater potential for abuse and misuse than Special Access Programs. Even now Congress and the Justice Department are being denied the ability to investigate these programs because they don't have clearance. To put it in CNN's Jack Cafferty's words a top secret government agency, the NSA, the largest of its kind in the world, is denying oversight or investigation by the American people because investigators lack clearance. To add a layer of irony to the Black Ops cake this travesty is occurring in America, the supposed bastion of Freedom and Democracy, which we are currently trying to export to Iraq.

It just gets scarier. The Black Ops that Mr. Tice was involved in related to electronic intelligence gathering via space systems communications, non-communications signals, electronic warfare, satellite control, telemetry, sensors, and special capability systems. For greater insight as to the impact of these programs readers should review decades old FOIA authenticated programs such as MKULTRA, BLUEBIRD, COINTELPRO and ARTICHOKE. Radar based Telemetry involves the ability to see through walls without thermal imaging. Electronic Warfare is even scarier if we take a look at the science. NSA Signals Intelligence Use of EMF Brain Stimulation. NSA Signals Intelligence uses EMF Brain Stimulation for Remote Neural Monitoring (RNM) and Electronic Brain Link (EBL). EMF Brain Stimulation has been in development since the MKUltra program of the early 1950's, which included neurological research into "radiation" (non-ionizing EMF) and bioelectric research and development. The resulting secret technology is categorized at the National Security Archives as "Radiation Intelligence," defined as "information from unintentionally emanated electromagnetic waves in the environment, not including radioactivity or nuclear detonation." Signals Intelligence implemented and kept this technology secret in the same manner as other electronic warfare programs of the U.S. government. The NSA monitors available information about this technology and withholds scientific research from the public. There are also international intelligence agency agreements to keep this technology secret.

The NSA has proprietary electronic equipment that analyzes electrical activity in humans from a distance. NSA computer-generated brain mapping can continuously monitor all the electrical activity in the brain continuously. The NSA records and decodes individual brain maps (of hundreds of thousands of persons) for national security purposes. EMF Brain Stimulation is also secretly used by the military for Brain-to-computer link. (In military fighter aircraft, for example.) For electronic surveillance purposes electrical activity in the speech center of the brain can be translated into the subject's verbal thoughts. RNM can send encoded signals to the brain's auditory cortex thus allowing audio communication direct to the brain (bypassing the ears). NSA operatives can use this to covertly debilitate subjects by simulating auditory hallucinations characteristic of paranoid schizophrenia. Without any contact with the subject, Remote Neural Monitoring can map out electrical activity from the visual cortex of a subject's brain and show images from the subject's brain on a video monitor. NSA operatives see what the surveillance subject's eyes are seeing. Visual memory can also be seen. RNM can send images direct to the visual cortex. bypassing the eyes and optic nerves. NSA operatives can use this to surreptitiously put images in a surveillance subject's brain while they are in R.E.M. sleep for brain-programming purposes. Individual citizens occasionally targeted for surveillance by independently operating NSA personnel.

NSA personnel can control the lives of hundreds of thousands of individuals in the U.S. by using the NSA's domestic intelligence network and cover businesses. The operations independently run by them can sometimes go beyond the bounds of law. Long-term control and SABOTAGE OF TENS OF THOUSANDS OF UNWITTING CITIZENS by NSA operatives is likely to happen. NSA Domint has the ability to covertly assassinate U.S. citizens or run covert psychological control operations to cause subjects to be diagnosed with ill mental health. National Security Agency Signals Intelligence Electronic Brain Link Technology NSA SigInt can remotely detect, identify and monitor a person's bioelectric fields. The NSA's Signals Intelligence has the proprietary ability to remotely and non-invasively monitor information in the human brain by digitally decoding the evoked potentials in the 30-50 hz,.5 milliwatt electro-magnetic emissions from the brain. Neuronal activity in the brain creates a shifting electrical pattern that has a shifting magnetic flux. This magnetic flux puts out a constant 30-50 hz, .5 milliwatt electromagnetic (EMF) wave. Contained in the electromagnetic emission from the brain are spikes and patterns called "evoked potentials." Every thought, reaction, motor command, auditory event, and visual image in the brain has a corresponding "evoked potential" or set of "evoked potentials." The EMF emission from the brain can be decoded into the current thoughts, images and sounds in the subject's brain. NSA SigInt uses EMF-transmitted Brain Stimulation as a communications system to transmit information (as well as nervous system messages) to intelligence agents and also to transmit to the brains of covert operations subjects (on a non-perceptible level). EMF Brain Stimulation works by sending a complexly coded and pulsed electromagnetic signal to trigger evoked potentials (events) in the brain, thereby forming sound and visual images in the brain's neural circuits. EMF Brain Stimulation can also change a person's brain-states and affect motor control. Two-way Electronic Brain-Link is done by remotely monitoring neural audio-visual information while transmitting sound to the auditory cortex (bypassing the ears) and transmitting faint images to the visual cortex (bypassing the optic nerves and eyes, the images appear as floating 2-D screens in the brain). Two-Way Electronic Brain Link has become the ultimate communications system for CIA/NSA personnel. Remote Neural Monitoring (RNM, remotely monitoring bioelectric information in the human brain) has become the ultimate surveillance system. It is used by a limited number of agents in the U.S. Intelligence Community. RNM requires decoding the resonance frequency of each specific brain area. That frequency is then modulated in order to impose information in that specific brain area. The frequency to which the various brain areas respond varies from 3 Hz to 50 Hz. Only NSA Signals Intelligence modulates signals in this frequency band.

An example of EMF Brain Stimulation: Brain Area
Bioelectric Resonance FrequencyInformation Induced Through Modulation
Motor Control Cortex 10 HzMotor Impulse Co-ordination
Auditory Cortex 15 HzSound which bypasses the ears
Visual Cortex 25 HzImages in the brain, bypassing the eyes
Somatosensory Cortex 09 HzPhantom Touch Sense
Thought Center 20 HzImposed Subconscious Thoughts


This modulated information can be put into the brain at varying intensities from subliminal to perceptible. Each person's brain has a unique set of bioelectric resonance/entrainment frequencies. Sending audio information to a person's brain at the frequency of another person's auditory cortex would result in that audio information not being perceived. Additionally, A 1994 congressional hearing reported that nearly half a million Americans were subjected to some kind of cold war era tests, often without being informed and without their consent. In addition, experimentation law is well grounded in constitutional and international law. It is an under-reported fact that two major reports on human rights and torture in the U.S. recently listed illegal radiation experiments. Many more facts are documented below. Therefore, human research subject protections should be a high priority and are just as significant as current issues of torture and illegal wiretapping. IT IS TIME FOR AMERICA TO WAKE UP. It is time for America to protect its Whistleblowers who are our last line of defense against dictatorship and despotism. It is time for America to take responsibility for oversight of its tax dollars and elect leaders who will assume such responsibility now. Yes, the war on terrorism is important. It is even more important and fearful if the terrorism is from within and unknowingly funded by hard working American citizens. There is no Special Access Program beyond the oversight of political leaders elected by the people and for the people. If these political leaders jeopardize national security then that shall be handled in a court of law. But to tell America, to tell the American people, to tell the political leaders elected by the American people that America does not deserve to know what happening in the NSA's dark, black rooms, with billions of dollars, behind closed doors, when we know that privilege has already been abused; that is the true definition of TERRORISM. That is the true definition of Communism and a Police State, no oversight. So fellow Americans, you may hem and haw in the face of truth but know that one day you will realize that your country has been USURPED from the very principles upon which it was founded.

Godspeed, Russ Tice, the Patriots are with you.

History on RNM/EBL

To the top


NSA Remote Neural Monitoring and Electronic Brain Link "two-way" communications weapons system was first publicly disclosed by John St Clair Akwei after a Washington D.C. lawsuit, Civil Action 92-0449 (1992), in Nexus Magazine, in which he describes the weapons system he had been targeted with. The details of his case disclose every aspect of the system that I believe is out there. Like always, the court dismissed his case without even granting him an evidentiary hearing, like they do everyone's case about these types of abuses (even though it's all technically happening, leaving him to be attacked and abused like everyone else). The information John St Clair Akwei did not have for his time was recently provided by insider Dr. Robert Duncan at the DOD/CIA/US DOJ in the book he wrote about the abuses he knew were happening inside the government, in which he discloses secrets including the fact that radar systems were retro-fitted in 1976 with mind reading/altering technology called TAMI or "Thought Amplifying and Mind Interface" based on Malech's 1974 US patent 3951134 for the same, destroying democracy as we knew it and opening up the doors to having peoples thoughts and memories remotely tracked and influenced from afar. Dr. Robert Duncan discloses that none of this has been used for peaceful purposes but instead to secretly commit psychic attacks and other murderous and torturous acts of terrorism against Americans and others world wide. Radar systems are actually notorious, for human rights abuses; TV channel changes, car stallings, and alien abduction scenarios were actually government misconduct conducted using "common" radar system tricks, according to Dr. Robert Duncan. The planes downed in the Bermuda Triangle were all directed energy weapons attacks from the Puerto Rico radar field, but all public information about these incidents pin "paranormal" activity or unexplainable events as the cause. The World Trade Center was also dustified on live TV on 9/11, and nobody even stopped to ask if the US government used a directed energy weapon on the building that day, until Dr. Judy Wood disclosed the evidence during her forensic investigation and published her book "Where did the Towers go?".

Radar systems and satellites, and even AM and FM radio are types of directed energy weapons. Be aware that this is one problem the US government is really keeping a tight lid on, and everyone should be afraid that they're both being watched and capable of being attacked with these systems at any time (the governments got your brain targeted, only holding back the command to kill). Dr. Robert Duncan also says they have computer systems full of our memories and thoughts, and they are watching everyone under a global neural monitoring system which generates 1.4 terabytes per second of data. The only reason you haven't been attacked yet, and who's to say you haven't been, is because they got other plans for you, and they don't want to be that obvious about their capabilities. They might even find you help aid in the cover ups, just by being dim and helping them question and doubt those who report real attacks.

It's a sad day, .. thousands of people across America are being openly attacked right now with these systems, and there's no way to stop any of it (countless lawsuits have been blocked over this by shit judges protecting the system, including 4 of my own suits just in 2013. Numerous others blocked since 1967, another guy was forced to just commit suicide in 2013 after a judge dismissed his case similarly. there are truly no protection mechanisms, no way to stop or bring attention to real mind control/weapons attacks or radar systems abuses). :(

The judges are gunna say, "so what if it was all true?" cause there's no personal accountability amongst their own ranks, and they aren't going to admit to having insider involvement in any of this since the beginning. Hint if you haven't gotten it yet: They're keeping everybody in a global scale cage that uses radar and electromagnetism, with the judges the enforcers to keep us in it...

References:

John Ginter's two lawsuits (1967 and 1994), exposure of M.I.N.D. Magnetic Integrated Neuron Duplicator from 1967
John St Clair Akwei court case, details on RNM/EBL published in Nexus Magazine 1996
Dr. Robert Duncan, The Matrix Deciphered & His other books are available here on the site to purchase/download. Dr. Duncan worked for the Department of Defense, Central Intelligence Agency, and US Department of Justice designing these weapons/surveillance systems..


Russell Tice Revelations Re-capped

To the top


Russell Tice
Former Analyst for the NSA, US Air Force, ONI, and DIA
Russell D. Tice Wikipedia page.

NSA warrantless surveillance (2001-2007) Wikipedia page.

NSA NDA bars Tice from talking more publically about NSA programs: nsa010906.pdf

Russell D. Tice (born 1961) is a former intelligence analyst for the U.S. Air Force, Office of Naval Intelligence, Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and National Security Agency (NSA). During his nearly 20-year career with various United States government agencies, he conducted intelligence missions related to the Kosovo War, Afghanistan, the USS Cole bombing in Yemen, and Operation Iraqi Freedom.

In December, 2005, Tice helped spark a national controversy over claims that the NSA and the DIA were engaged in unlawful and unconstitutional wiretaps on American citizens. He later admitted that he was one of the sources that were used in the New York Times reporting on the wiretap activity in December 2005.[2][3] After speaking publicly about the need for legislation to protect whistleblowers, Tice received national attention as the first NSA-whistleblower in May 2005 before William Binney, Thomas Andrews Drake, Mark Klein, Thomas Tamm, and Edward Snowden came forward.

In 2005, Russell Tice was working for the NSA as an intelligence analyst when he blew the whistle to the NSA Inspector General about black ops abuses, Special Access Programs, and warrantless spying on Americans. This must have resulted in him being told to fuck off, because the Inspector General reported that there was no evidence that any of the abuses he reported were happening. He had already been fired before this conclusion, for urging Congress to pass new whistleblower protections in May 2005. The reason Tice sought new protections is obviously that there is no way to easily handle reports around classified information or programs and the methods for reporting issues are heavily restricted and result in censorship, easily preventing something from being done about the problems. People and entities simply lack clearance to hear about the programs, and so those in the know are forced to stay silent or face criminal prosecution for unlawful disclosures, even if the issue turns out to be criminal and illegal (law enforcements focus is on cover up, censorship, and will refuse to prosecute based on information gained from disclosures about classified programs).

While dealing with complaints from Russell Tice, the NSA forced a psychological evaluation, which found he had psychotic paranoia. And let me guess, it went like this: Psychologist paid by NSA to discredit Tice, takes Tice's complaints, and asks his supervisor, "did you spy on Americans like this?" - Supervisor responds, "of course not, that would be illegal." Psychologist concludes from information provided by Tice's supervisors that events weren't happening, and in attempt to discredit his behavior, report that Tice was suffering from psychotic disorder and paranoia: Russell Tice Sliced and Diced CBS News January 11, 2006. Tice points out that the psychologist admitted he didn't have any of the normal indications for the disorder.

So the NSA psychologist and NSA claimed that no spying was occurring on Americans, or they concluded for some other reason that Tice wanting to make these disclosures about it all was due to some type of psychotic disorder? Flash forward, and five new NSA whistleblowers come forward over the next eight years reporting similar issues at the Agency, including Edward Snowden who dumped a cache of documents on the media that substantiated parts of the programs Russell Tice claimed were operational back in 2005, minus all the black ops goodness. Bush had also confirmed after at first lying about it, that he had in fact authorized these programs. Only things had grown much worse by 2013, reaching into every persons life and every persons communications, allowing collection of every bit of data nearly every person on earth generates by the NSA (note: Russell Tice adds to those claims that space capability/satellites, and Special Access Programs are being used to target Americans and world leaders, which is actually the NSAs speciality (air wave/space monitoring/ECHELON network)).. Honestly, enough is a enough of this fucktard intelligence agency shit. They abuse people, spy on us, lie in cover ups, and destroy the lives of honest truth tellers, and quite possibly only to cover up all these covert black ops programs. None of this looks like it's being done for national security from my perspective, because it's contradictory to national security for a government agency to commit a crime or violate a citizens rights, privacy, or safety. That is what they are supposed to be protecting us from, and so far everything our government has said about this has been some blanket lie to get us to authorize and approve this shit like it was done to protect us all from a threat that wasn't really there.

More history: So in 2005, Tice was exposing warrantless black ops programs that were probably being used to target and abuse Americans with, including the NSA spying on everyone's phone conversations, emails, and watching us with satellites. He was barred however by NSA NDA from disclosing any program directly to the public, and sought the Congress to ease these restrictions. Tice made a few leaks to the New York Times along the way, who was corrupt and worked with the Bush administration to suppress the information and keep it secret for the duration of the 2004 election. After this, the articles were ran, Tice was censored by the media, and the Senate Armed Services Committee cancelled it's planned investigation of the Tice claims by May 2006, preventing anyone from hearing the rest of what Tice wanted to testify about. Tice was barred from speaking about it further by these restrictions, and came under prosecution by the FBI/US DOJ by June 2006, which apparently didn't end with a conviction.

By May 2013, Edward Snowden dumps a pile of documents onto The Guardian's and Washington Post's desk proving some of the things Russell Tice was talking about years earlier to be true, and exposing new programs operating under the newly passed FISA 2007 Amendments that allowed the court to approve the Bush era means of spying on Americans, resulting in PRISM under Barack Obama. Russell Tice came out in June 2013 with new revelations on Boiling Frogs Post and went onto MSNBC about it July 2013 only to get censored. By this point Tice was finally confirming names of people who'd been spied on like Barack Obama, Senator Dianne Feinstein, US Supreme Court Judge Samuel Alito, General David Petraeus, "lawyers, journalists, financial institutions, judges, generals, admirals, etc", who Tice personally targeted with satellites and space capability, while occasionally listening to tapped telephone conversations of targets who had no ties to criminal or terrorist organizations for years on end, which may be the maximum of what he could disclose due to the ongoing NSA NDA. (Tice reminds everyone that there are programs he will never be able disclose due to their classified nature, and it will be up to the government to declassify or talk about them. Tice's NDA can be confirmed by reading a letter sent by an NSA Director to Russell Tice in January 2006, where they try to redirect Tice from testifying about it to the Congress/Senate. NSA NDA here: nsa010906.pdf)

Russell Tice makes the rounds in 2013, going on various talk shows to discuss these abuses (see the video section for even more coverage of 2013, 2009 on MSNBC, and classic breaking coverage from 2006.):

Podcast Show #112: NSA Whistleblower Goes on Record -Reveals New Information & Names Culprits!, June 19th, 2013.
PBC News & Comment: Bombshell NSA Revelations from Russell Tice, June 19th, 2013.
Russ Tice Reveals the Truth About NSA Spying, June 21st, 2013.
NSA Whistleblower Russell Tice Offers More Details: Sen. Feinstein and Others Were Wiretapped by NSA, July 15th, 2013.
NSA Collects 'Word for Word' Every Domestic Communication, Says Former Analyst, August 1st, 2013.
How Many Secret Files Did Snowden Get? Whistleblowers Bill Binney and Russell Tice Explain Why NSA Doesn't Know, November 21st, 2013.

Sources:
NSA whistleblower asks to testify, January 4th, 2006.
NSA Whistleblower Alleges Illegal Spying, January 10th, 2006.
Whistleblower says NSA violations bigger, February 14th, 2006.
Former NSA Intelligence Analyst & Action Officer Urges to be Heard by Congress Regarding Unlawful Conduct by NSA, December 22nd, 2005.

Russell Tice quote:

Tice: It's going to be a huge problem. Huge. That's going to be your number one concern insofar as false positives are ultimately your error rate. The ultimate goal, more than likely in our hypothetical scenario, is to filter this thing down enough so that you can put it into human analysts' hands. The ultimate filter, the ultimate computer, is the human brain.


True two ways, or true by one only? Let's say the NSA has software that is infinitely more powerful than anything you've ever seen. And it's better than the human brain at interpreting some types of data, like data it finds from communication networks like the Internet and telephones including video, pictures, audio, and text, which the software uses to predict human behavior, motive, and thought, and identifies objects better and faster than any human eye, ear or brain ever could. But then what is it the ultimate filter could be for proving something true or false right away? Could it be, that the NSA uses your own brain to query the information, and that your brain cannot lie or misreport what it thinks or knows? It then becomes a matter of using boolean logic to analyse, using a function on a computer that sends a command to your mind to interpret something for them, or perhaps by monitoring brainwave activity (knowledge and memories) and interpretations (decisions and emotions) in a passive manner. Data comes back in the computer this way as either true or false, as the brain's uncontrolled subconscious and concious reactions are monitored via long-range EEG, telling the NSA agent how the data is being interpreted and what other information they should know; the evoked potentials are read, and the computer knows: It's true or false, like a boolean to them, or even stored in more complex variables if they do it that way. This is using the mind of a target to find out how it was analysed based on the targets own beliefs and working memory, better than an analyst could figure themselves because they're basically just playing a guessing game trying to figure out how someone else saw something. To the NSA, their NSA Remote Neural Monitoring/Electronic Brain Link might work like this: query_target_brain("did I just think of killing Obama?") (function hand typed by analyst to send command to remote human, with input designed to mimic a thought or question coming from oneself); in the NSA's computer system, once analysis of the brain activity of the individual occurs after such a command, it would return a 1 or a 0. True or false during boolean evaluation. And inside any good computer program, there might be thousands of these little boolean variables stored and used for software to check the contents of a persons mind. "is_homosexual" could be a 1 or a 0. "owns_gun" is one or zero. "previous_president" is another possible boolean which only turns up 1 on the mind data of William/Bill Jefferson Clinton, George W. Bush Jr, George H.W. Bush Sr, etc, which could be read both from their mind and from historical data for comparison. "is_president_now" could be another that turns up a 1 for President Barack Obama, for authenticating system administrator access for the President without using a profile specific authentication method, or just for personal knowledge and confirmation purposes of the system operators. There are even Strings and arrays that store out a persons name, address, mailing address, email address, age, birth location, marital status, childrens names and ages and places of residents and etc, cellphone number and bank account and pin codes as extracted directly from their mind, and as available from other database look ups and surveillance protocols like PRISM. "likes_preteen_girls" is another boolean, because every possible scenario has to be tracked and determined, and nothing is kept from their ever gazing satellites and remote sensors. A couple more booleans are: "is_angry," "is_depressed," "has_alzheimers_effects," "is_demented," "is_sad," "is_crying," "is_hopeless," "is_hallucinating," "drinking_coca_cola," "is_sadomasochist," "is_into_sadomasochist," "believes_in_jesus," "saw_jesus_today(delusion)," "is_sexually_aroused," "is_totally_impotent," "firing_gun_status," "is_dog," "is_cat," "is_dolphin," "owns_prized_race_horse," "is_broney," (array) "4chan_account_info," (array) "LUEL-ETI_account_info," "is_anon_hacker," "could_press_charges," "may_be_guilty_of_uncharged_crime," "is_US_DOJ_agent_with_system_clearance," "is_a_New_York_Times_Reporter," "flagged_targeted_individual," "dangerous_citizen," "terrorist_suspect," "russian_citizen," "canadian_citizen," "flagged_by_operator," "flagged_for_persecution," "born_in_usa," "is_wanted_for_arrest," "has_PTSD," "has_ADHD," "is_bipolar," "is_schizophrenic," "is_christian_faith," "is_jewish_faith," "is_wiccan_faith," "confirmed_al-qaeda_fighter," "suicide_bomber," "bomb_in_hand," "has_internal_verified_plot_to_kill_President," "is_heterosexual," "is_asexual," "frequent_masturbator," "is_pedophile," "has_HIV," "has_major_sexually_transmitted_infection," "hates_obama," "is_republican," "is_democrat," "is_mind_control_subject," "is_government_experiment," "participated_in_framing_American_citizens," "individual_helped_cover_up_911," "matched_subversive_target_database," "abused_a_person_with_mind_control_recently," "individual_stole_government_funds_today," "individual_stole_from_private_individuals_yesterday," "plans_to_ejaculate_inside_Chelsea_Clinton_today," "is_living_too_comfortable_a_life," "owns_too_many_dildos" (apparently turned to 1 only if dildo ownership is greater than 1), etc (software can even diagnose directly, by monitoring of brain node activity to determine malfunctions, ie full remote diagnostic capabilities). Another one stores how many times the person has farted that day, or had sex, like a decimal or DWORD counter. A couple of data files store a persons actual memories, which can be explored, and another one might dump some of the visuals to video and heard or spoken information to audio. There's even a thought-to-text script to make it all easily discoverable and faster to read and search than listen to directly, but it's not really necessary because the computer does such a good job of interpreting all the information on its' own without human interventions. Analysts can even search by their thought alone, which is compared to the thought of individuals being monitored or stored, where the returned information will be beamed directly into the agents mind, giving insight and an immersive experience like they were the target themselves or were in the environment when an analysed and recorded event happened (just like stepping into someones mind, or a virtual mind/nerve based projection).

They get access to all this information without you even telling the government or your Facebook pals a thing (so they don't need PRISM or an interrogation with this shit! nor do they need torture, meaning it's always been just for fun.).

Seriously America, wake the fuck up. I am giving you insider information into how it all works, as it is being done right now to each and every person they monitor with this thing. Which might literally be.. everybody, because no one's really watching these guys but me. ;)

More information and references

To the top


Brain-computer interfaces, including EEG, have been used since the 1990's to read a persons brain activity, with ability of computers to decode and record emotions, and instructions for the computer to be carried out. Remote Neural Monitoring and Electronic Brain Link are both brain-computer interfaces that are used for intelligence and human control purposes, and it's sensor is usually located in a satellite or on a ground based mobile station equipped with a dense array antenna system, sometimes with a transmitting device. Once a persons brain emissions are read, a computer system can be used to decode and record brain activity, including what a person sees, hears, thinks, feels, dreams, as well as any memory stored in the persons mind. The reasoning that the government would build such a device, is that, to the government, the human mind is the ultimate intelligence gathering storage device, with greater potential for intelligence purposes than your monitored Facebook, telephone, and emails combined. The technology also fills in the gaps where no other intelligence information is available, so even if they don't have a record of a telephone conversation or event on hand, they can peer into a targets mind and pull out most of what was said and done, and any past or current communication, experience, or memory can be collected. The government also uses this technology as a covert communication system, and as a weapon, with the ability to communicate mind to mind, and remotely control and sabotage people. Generally, its' greatest strength is that no one knows it exists or will believe a person who becomes targeted with this system, and the media will absolutely not cover anything about it, helping to keep it all top secret and impossible to stop.

Everything in the Russell Tice article on this technology collaborates with other evidence, and can be compared to some other available technology or information. The division of Signals Intelligence mentioned in the Remote Neural Monitoring/Electronic Brain Link article is ELINT, a real department of the NSA, with the same description as provided on the Wikipedia page and Washington Times website. We know that Signals Intelligence also has a ton of satellites (remote sensing devices), as were launched by the National Reconnaissance Office, and their abilities go beyond simple imagery of earths surface and communications handling. These satellites are classified as "optical," "ELINT," "SIGINT," "technology," and "Radar" by the data in the Wikipedia page on these launches. Here are a few references to take a look at:

Stargate Project Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stargate_Project
CIA/DOD/DIA funded Stargate Project. Remote viewing and psychic phenomena is technically impossible (and thought to be basically cover pseudo-science invented to hide our actual knowledge in how true remote viewing and other technologically backed mind invasive technologies work), but can be accomplished with technological means. So what the fuck were these guys pouring money into all those years? Surely it was satellites and radar systems (electron imaging, EMF sensing technologies, and directed energy) which are necessary for all of this to actually work...

Strategic Defense Initiative Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_Defense_Initiative
The US government invents energy weapons for defense, remote sensing and monitoring weapons for deployment in space and ground based stations. Known in the media as the Star Wars defense weapons system. Many hints that these systems, including the Star Wars Beam Weapon could be used to monitor and target any object, including buildings like the World Trade Center and even humans for remote control and secret injuries.

Did a Star Wars Beam Weapon destroy the World Trade Center?: http://drjudywood.com/
Take a look at what the cat dragged in. The US government toppled it's own building, on live TV (2-hour video presentation at the top of the page).

Directed-energy weapon Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directed-energy_weapon
Directed-energy weapons have been designed to pulverize, compress and expand, heat and chill, remotely control, and destroy people and objects from remote locations.

Signals Intelligence Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Signals_intelligence
Describes how Signals Intelligence works, and how SIGINT can intercept emissions and signals, for example "pointing their technology" at a stadium and capturing all emissions and signals from the area, with the ability to direct energy and signals at objects for remote control, including for faking radar signals (but not limited to!), and to interfere with signals (the human brain is not immune to this type of attack either, people..). The following types of emanations are apparent: cellular, WiFi, AM/FM/TV/radio, personal electronic and computer signals, bioelectromagnetic and psychotronic energy including radio signals produced by neurons, powerline and telephone/Ethernet/VGA/DVI/USB/PS2/transmission line signals, infrared energies, and emissions from brain, body, and electron using devices which illuminate buildings and allow remote viewing even through objects, reflections of energy and radar signals, radar and terahertz frequency signals, and more.

ECHELON Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ECHELON
A satellite and network of sensors and connections to computer networks that works globally to intercept communications, including the famous room 641A at AT&T used to intercept internet traffic.

TEMPEST Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tempest_(codename)
TEMPEST is a set of classified emissions standards, that deal with signals leakage from computer systems and cables. Apparently, the problem with electrons and electronics, is the leakage of radiation, allowing remote sensing and sniffing of virtually any signal. There is an old technique called phreaking mentioned here, which shows that it is possible to sniff DVI and video signals from monitors, and keyboard signals from USB and PS/2 devices. The government, based on this disclosure, could be watching what is on someone's monitor, or logging what a person typed from long range (ie, from their ELINT satellites), without anyone but them knowing about it. SIGINT is surely also able to remotely control and tamper with these devices through similar mechanisms, directing energy at a computer device (or even human neural network for that matter) to remotely control or change the signal remotely.

Van Eck Phreaking: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Van_Eck_phreaking
Van Eck Phreaking is the process of distant monitoring of emissions from sources through the signals created by electrons. An analog or digital computer system is able to tap and infer the original source signal from perhaps miles and miles of distance, or even from space. The original example of Van Eck Phreaking deals with monitoring video signals over long range, but telephone, keyboard, and other devices were also found to be vulnerable. The nervous system is another vulnerable entity as radio emissions are all the same.

Transmission electron microscropy: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmission_electron_microscopy
One method for remote high resolution imaging.

Radar: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar
Radar is used by the military, and police to remotely detect particles sized objects, or whole objects. It can remotely image and track movements, detect rate of travel, and monitor remote signals emissions. It allows surface and terrain scans from remote places, ie "remote view." Some types of radar also allow objects to be tampered with remotely, including signals jamming, electronics remote control, function manipulation, and human brain-wave manipulation (including a system called TAMI "Thought Amplifying and Mind Interface," which has been in deployment by the US since 1976 for psychic warfare against humans). Radar systems can also be used as weapons to beam directed energy at objects, such as planes, vehicles, missles, or humans, to jam, stall, or destroy the object. I suspect radar can also detect sound and pressure changes through electron imaging (ala atomic grade laser/radar microphones, or monitoring how particles/atoms interact with background radiation), allowing people to be seen and heard through walls.. Think of radar as basically large long-range remote listening/imaging devices that can see around and through all objects/matter.

High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, or "HARRP": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Frequency_Active_Auroral_Research_Program
Dr. Robert Duncan, a Department of Defense, CIA, and US Department of Justice scientist, who claims he developed some of these weapons and that people are being targeted on a global scale with them, says these phased array antenna systems are being used as neuro-weapons to target people around the globe. This particular array called HARRP up in Alaska is behind many theories of weather manipulation, mind control, and other destructive acts, and it does have the technical capability, but it is not the sole culprit as the United States has many other phased array antennas all around the world, more than 7 in fact, ... One method of operation is using the earths atmosphere to see around the earth, reading electromagnetic emissions and doing remote scans and directing energy at any point in space, including humans (the secret is, the atmosphere acts as a giant mirror, allowing any energy from earths surface to reflect).

HIPAS (HIgh Power Auroral Stimulation) Observatory: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIPAS
Another HARRP?

Electroencephalography Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electroencephalography
Electroencephalography (EEG) is one method for recording the electrical emissions of neurons. The brain emits radiation at frequencies between 0-100Hz+.

Electromyography Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electromyography
Electromyography (EMG) is a method for recording the electrical emissions of neurons throughout the body and muscle tissue. Frequencies are similar to that from the brain.

Magnetoencephalography Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnetoencephalography
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is one method for recording the magnetic emissions of neurons.

National Reconnaissance Office Satellite Launch Database Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_NRO_Launches
Notice that they have a total of 32 active, operational, or launched satellites. 30 of all listed satellites are ELINT, radar, technology, or optical, or could be possibly used to remotely monitor human brain emissions and other domestic signals.

National Reconnaissance Office Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Reconnaissance_Office
Most satellite launches go through these guys. The logo they put on the side of most satellites, like NROL-39, is an Octopus straddling North America, with the text "Nothing is beyond our reach"; which I believe is quite literal. Their reach is limitless, with full technical access to even peoples brains and genitals, with ability to simulate paranormal activity on environments and humans anywhere they focus their energies and sensors on.

Satellite Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Satellite
Compiled article covers more details on satellites.

National Security Agency Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Security_Agency
Details on the NSA's operations, including documented warrantless / court ordered surveillance programs as covered by the media and others.

Whistleblowers list: Russell Tice, NSA - Edward Snowden, NSA - William Binney, NSA - Thomas Andrews Drake, NSA - Sibel Edmonds, FBI - Mark Klein, AT&T - Thomas Tamm, US DOJ - Perry Fellwock, NSA - William Hamilton Martin, NSA - Bernon F. Mitchell, NSA

Scary FBI quote:

TIM CLEMENTE, former FBI counterterrorism agent: On the national security side of the house, in the federal government, you know, we have assets. There are lots of assets at our disposal throughout the intelligence community and also not just domestically, but overseas. Those assets allow us to gain information, intelligence on things that we can't use ordinarily in a criminal investigation.

All digital communications are - there's a way to look at digital communications in the past. And I can't go into detail of how that's done or what's done. But I can tell you that no digital communication is secure.


Link: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/07/tim-clemente-fbi_n_3229478.html

Intelligence on things they can't use ordinarily in a criminal investigation, officially, anyway? That means it's obtained illegally and kept entirely secret, but they do use it. And this is an FBI agent, who works for the US Department of Justice, basically, admitting that they have full access to all the NSA's intelligence gathering methods. Next he says he can look at digital communication in the past, including phone calls - Sure it's recorded, sure it's stored on the servers of network providers. But it's also stored in people's brains as another possibility, which I remind you these guys do have access to. As the brain is a storage device, all thoughts and memories can be extracted and monitored through long-range brain-computer interfaces, which are in secret mass use today by the intelligence community and police.

More information about brain-computer interfaces and psychotronic weapons can be found over on the credible mind control/technology links section of my website.

Dr. Robert Duncan, The Matrix Deciphered & His other books

To the top


The Matrix Deciphered, the Bible of insider secret government operations. Explains the US government with insight from the insides by Dr. Robert Duncan, CIA/DOD/US DOJ whistleblower.
Project: Soul Catcher: Secrets of Cyber and Cybernetic Warfare Revealed by Dr. Robert Duncan, sold by amazon.com, published: September 27th, 2010.
How to Tame a Demon: A short practical guide to organized intimidation stalking, electronic torture, and mind control by Dr. Robert Duncan, sold by amazon.com, published: January 1st, 2014.

The Matrix Deciphered highlights/evidence:

Here is secret #1 that has been suppressed by the forces of ignorance in the government. There was a patent that I will keep referring to throughout this book because of the importance of the work. It is published in the appendix. In 1974, Robert Malech, an employee of Dorn & Margolin Inc., a major defense subcontractor in radar design now owned by EDO Corporation an even larger all defense contractor in electronic warfare, invented a fairly simple radar device that could read whole brain electrical activity at a large distance . It has the major advantages of no wires and full brain electrical activity analysis, not just points on the skull surface. He discovered and perfected a way to use some simple electromagnetic oscillations anywhere from 100Mhz to 40 Ghz to read brainwaves by "illuminating" the brain and its electrical conductance then reading the return signal. The imaging method observes the changes of frequency resonances, amplitude, and phase which represent the states of neuron depolarization throughout the brain.

Secret #2. But more profoundly, he discovered that he could influence brain waves if precisely timed with a return training signal. He had no idea that at this moment in history, he had accidentally destroyed democracy as we envision it to be. The military and surveillance community immediately picked up on the patent and within two years had reprogrammed their communications and surveillance satellites and terrestrial phased arrays with the new concepts. The rapid deployment of this technology occurred because it only required software changes in already existing radar, imaging, and communications' terrestrial dishes and satellites. Many additional spy satellites have been launched since to bolster the system. So in 1976, on the bicentennial of this great nation, a system called TAMI was born. TAMI is an acronym for "Thought Amplifier and Mind Interface". A more invasive "Big Brother" technology came about before George Orwell's prediction of 1984.

Secret #3. Stealth RADAR techniques were first recorded by observing the Russian bombardment of the U.S. embassy in Moscow with microwaves. Using high powered steered phased arrays and focused directed energy from two sources next to each other, one can create a nearly undetectable "scalar" wave, or destructive interference at the point of interest. With just a minor energy interaction, the interfering beams bounce back with strong signal to noise ratio to be resolved at the sources again. This allows for any imaging technique to be done from extremely large distances. In effect, it makes distance irrelevant to the detection feature, be it RADAR, MRI, or ESR imaging.

At the same time, the Russians had discovered and were developing similar capabilities. This accelerated the secret arms race that continues to this day. The research and capabilities have come a long way in the last 30 years. Even if one didn't have direct access to the knowledge of surveillance capabilities, one could project out in time 30 years knowing technology developments increase at an exponential rate. At that time the military demonstrated the capability of reading automobile license plates from satellite images.

In order to cover up and not draw attention to mind reading radar, the whole field of psychic phenomena and paranormal psychology was invented to deceive the civilian populations of what was occurring. The Russian's showed their hand when they started bombarding the U.S. embassy in Moscow with microwaves in the late 60's, and then with the 7 Russian Wood Pecker transmitters that began operation in 1976 pointed at the U.S.

Unfortunately, due to the nature of this new weapon, many human minds are needed to create the database of specific brain data necessary to increase the effectiveness on a larger and larger population. These are referred to as the "Cataloguing and Cloning operations". In this context, cloning does not refer to human cloning, but EEG cloning. Many have misunderstood this fact and then it was popularized by the T.V. series "X-Files". These cloning operations are what plague the human race today as every country feels the need to have this weapon that requires torturing and killing many people of their own populations to develop.

EEG cloning means to copy someone else's brainwaves onto another person. The discovery made by Robert Malech allows this to be done wirelessly anywhere in the world. A new military division emerged called The Psychic Warfare Unit initially stationed in the Pentagon but most likely it was rolled into the Psychological Operations, Electronic Warfare, and Informational Warfare Units. Initially this became a great intelligence gathering tool. Psychically spying into other people's minds was an incredible feat.

I don't use the term EEG cloning much because it refers only to the special case of observing a targets mind. That is only one aspect of the technology. Malech discovered he could influence brain waves just as easily as reading them. So at the other extreme, a psychic warrior can EEG clone his brainwaves onto a target. This is symbolized in the movie "The Matrix" where the agents take over random citizens bodies while in pursuit of the heroes. The correct terminology to describe everything in between the two extremes is EEG heterodyning. Heterodyning is an engineering term which means to mix signals. So EEG cloning is just a special case of EEG heterodyning.

EEG cyber hive mind is another term used for EEG heterodyning for non-weapons use experiments. These are collectives of people who share one common set of brain waves. They jokingly refer to the process of forcing someone into a collective as "Borging" them, a reference to the evil cyborg civilization from Star Trek. They are studying both the long term effects of being in this kind of collective mind configuration and how to use it to control, spy through, disable, or kill a target. They also are studying communication and organization without spy gadgets of any kind for synchronized missions.

The emerging field which intersects at the physics of psychology is called "psychophysics". The dynamics of the mind are well described from neuroscience reductionism. Artificial neural networks have been around for over half a century. But the new challenge is to map exactly the subjective experiences of consciousness to the physics of organic intelligences informational signal processing including biochemical and electromagnetic. The word "Psychophysics" has additional connotations that are quite appropriate in the way that this field has evolved in the secret labs around the world. The tools of psychophysicists are called psychotronics. It is this area of research that has given rise to all the conspiracy theories on the New World Order psychoterrorists, secret societies involvement, mind control and satanic cults. Mind control weapons are the holy grail of the ultimate weapon and has given birth to the world's most notorious, sociopathic scientists which in turn have spawned a generation of the most intense human suffering for weapons testing efficacy the people of this planet have ever endured.

The First Documented use of Mind Reading RADAR

In order to reduce the effects from the bombardment of the U.S. embassy in Moscow with microwaves, they put up microwave screens on the windows of the building. Oddly enough, this actually had the opposite effect of increasing the microwave intensity inside. The only way this can happen is if interferometry was being used on the embassy. If you block a path of the interfering / heterodyning wave fronts, you can lessen the destructive interference pattern thereby increasing the measurable energy. This was the first documented use of so called "scalar weapons".

...

Electron Spin Resonance (ESR)

This is the secret sauce that the conspiracy kills to keep secret. Notice that there are no ESR machines in hospitals. Why? Because it would become immediately obvious how easy it is to read body electricity from RADAR, i.e. brain waves at a distance. The basic concept is simple and very analogous to the way Magnetic Resonance Imaging works. It works on manipulating spin and gyro frequency of electrons.

Electron Spin Polarity Resonance (EPR)

In this imaging technique the spin polarity is measured by flipping it which adds or subtracts energy from the system. Energy must be conserved so a photon is given off if it goes to a lower energy spin state. It is "heated" during the movement to a higher energy state prepping it for a synchronized transition back to a lower energy state. The body's electricity is modulated into delayed state transitions because of the local electric field variations. This return signal is processed and the very high signal to noise EEG patterns are extracted. The sensitivity is truly "science fiction" like. Even a single nerve or neuron firing can be picked up individually. This gives new meaning to Signal Intelligence.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

Very similar to the way magnetic imaging works with the spin of the nuclei of atoms with their magnetic moments.

...

Millimeter wave, Infra-red and Visible Wavelength Satellite Imaging

This topic is self explanatory. Everyone has seen the incredible detailed infrared imaging capabilities of the military. They can see heat signatures through walls. What do haunted houses, ghosts, alien abductions, and the Bermuda Triangle have in common? Remember how the air becomes electrified before a haunting by the appearance of a poltergeist in movies inspired by this weapons testing on the public? We've busted our ghost in the machine! Remember how planes would be downed in the Bermuda Triangle because their compass needles and instruments would go haywire? Those were directed energy attacks from the Puerto Rico Radar field built in 1959. Remember all the shows about cars stalling and radio stations flipping right before an alien abduction scenario? These are all the same RADAR tricks but with varying degrees of lethality. These tricks are all done by the same technology and the usual criminals in the bowls of the beast.

...

Van Eck Hacking
Hacking the human brain


Computer hackers are always finding ways to zombify as many machines as they can. This means that they find a way to hack into your system and install remote control software of some sort. The Military's programs, called Zombie I-V, were similar in goal. They wanted to be able to hack into people's minds and create remote controlled zombies. They succeeded over 30 years ago and the technology is now close to perfected. There is a stalking phenomenon occurring in America and around the world. Read "Terrorist Stalking in America" for another perspective.

There are three kinds of stalkers one of which have been released by the freedom of information act documents that describe government stalking programs, or goon squads as they are called in slang. CIA and other agencies training their employees for intimidation tactics abroad and in the US are one form of the members of terrorist stalking gangs. The CIA has used these tactics to help overthrow governments and intimidate leaders of other countries many times in history.

The second purpose is to play into society's programming that people who think government agents are following them are crazy. Discrediting an individual through mud slinging, black mail, or erratic behavior has been a high priority documented skill for these agencies.

The other two types of stalkers are more dopes and victims of zombification. The global system, TAMI, can hone in on a compatible mind and instantly be able to manipulate it to some varying degree dependent upon many factors. The offense practices their trade by influencing people near a targeted individual to convey information only pertinent to them, for spy games. These people are everyday citizens unfamiliar with this high technology. The effects are so subtle without lots of training to detect, nobody would be the wiser. They would at most just question why they did that or felt the need to say that.

...

Monitoring of Life Signs and Psychic Star Wars Defenses

So almost every human is monitored and tracked by various integrated technologies. One justification for TAMI is that a global system to monitor everyone is necessary to alert the military in case of a psychic war and protect the leaders from electromagnetic influence. But of course in reality it is used for the exact opposite purpose. Uniqueness of heartbeat and breathing patterns (list patents).

Other Star Wars Directed Energy Weapons Plans

I have seen plans for electromagnetic rail guns for launching projectiles in space at other satellites. They use superconducting high powered magnets to accelerate projectiles faster than bullets.

Imaging the brain and other Earth objects

From my protected sources I have seen, brain images derived from the TAMI system. I was not told how they were produced but I can reverse engineer some possibilities given what I know about surveillance capabilities. Using cognitive modeling techniques, one could construct a PET or functional MRI like image showing brain activity simply using the phase, amplitude, and frequency information from mind reading RADAR. A spectral image could be constructed based on models of brain function and an electron spin resonance topographical head map. Since the brain activity is precisely known, it could be rendered and displayed in a 3-D image. Other methods might include using sub-millimeter or Terahertz wave length RADAR or Earth Gauss MRI/ESR techniques. Incredible that this can all be done with a constellation of spy satellites or ground based phased arrays. In medicine one technique is called computed tomography or CAT scan which use x-rays to obtain image data from different angles around the body and then uses computer processing of the information to show a cross-section of body tissues and organs. X-rays are not used for obvious health reasons by the equivalent RADAR imaging but any or all wavelengths under the visible spectrum can be used to obtain a very good image of a person. The infamous HAARP phased array that stretches across Alaska is capable of Earth penetrating tomography.

...

Memory Probing

One of the more useful aspects of this technology is the ability to probe memories. The EEG heterodyning practice attackers play the same game with all victims. They are able through two techniques to walk the victims back in time to think that they have been linked to the victim since birth. Since the capabilities of remote neural stimulation are nearly identical to electrical probes in the brain, a random neural stimulation will trigger memories. This is not used for targeted memory recall, but rather for finding and recording memory anchors for further investigation.

Those memories are used through synthetic telepathy conversations to make the target remember other connected events. Of course direct vocal interrogation techniques can achieve the same results. Over time, this process is effective to get a complete profile of a person's life. Another tangential method used in connection with interrogations is an injected guilt signal. This forces memory recalls in conjunction with a specific memory anchor. So if you feel guilty about some particular memory, those additional memories will surface. And the last method used in these psychic games is more incredible. While the databases storing mental activity are impressive they still don't have the ability to record every human's brain activity continuously for later parsing. They instead sample activity in time and save it. They only have clips of a particular mind, throughout their life, stored for later review. This cuts down on the 1.4 Terabytes per second collective human geopsyche throughput that would be required. 1.4 Terabytes x 31,536,000 seconds in a year = 44,150 Pentabytes per year. The capabilities of computer storage will reach that soon enough for DoD budgets. So reviewing a particular targets brainwave clips, allows them to appear like they have been with the subject of experiment for their entire life through demonstration of knowledge of earlier events.

This brings up the topic of criminal law. Think about how we could perfectly convict crimes against other people. In the movie "Minority Report", their society is able to prevent all premeditated violence. Only crimes of passion continue to be unstoppable. What a shame our government keeps this technology secret for pathetic military and spy uses.


Electromagnetic / Psychotronic spectrum

To the top


The visible light spectrum you see with your eyes is just one billionth of the total electromagnetic spectrum. The eye does not usually register anything outside of this range, but it is there, it is doing the same types of things as visible light energy, and it shows what is where and where something comes from, and it also is used by structures to control a process or transmit information (in electronics and neurons).

Electromagnetic spectrum: Radio (0-300GHz, which also includes the microwave spectrum (300-300000MHz). Within the radio spectrum you find: Psychotronic/brain wave spectrum (Delta 0-4Hz, Theta 4-7Hz, Alpha 7-14Hz, Beta 15-30Hz, Gamma 30-100Hz+, Mu 8-13Hz) - AM radio (153-26100kHz) - FM radio (88-108MHz) - TV broadcast (54-88MHz, 174-216MHz, 470-698MHz) - Cellular (700MHz, 800MHz, 850MHz, 1.7GHz, 1.8GHz, 1.9GHz, 2.1GHz, 2.5GHz) - WiFi (2412-2484MHz, 4915-5825MHz) - Radar (link)). Above the radio spectrum, lays Terahertz (300-3000GHz (military remote imaging/scanning frequency)) - Infrared (300-430000GHz) - Visible spectrum (430-790THz) - Ultraviolet (790-30000THz) - X-ray (30-30000PHz) - Gamma ray (30EHz+)



As you can see from reviewing the spectrum list above, the frequency the mind operates on is similar to that of electronic devices (radio range). Of course this is something Signals Intelligence is capable of monitoring, in addition to all those other frequencies! Also, it's my belief the mind is forced to accept harmful interference from harmful sources just like other structures are. In the past, people who's heads were too close to breaker boxes and electrical wires were dosed with high amounts of radiation, causing hallucinations, for example. In the case of satellites with telescopes and other transmitters capable of directing energy, a government agency like the NSA could very well watch the energy emanated from the neurons and human body from space (to see and track you and perhaps to decode your thoughts), and precisely control and debilitate a person in a controlled method; inducing and simulating psychosis very precisely, or passing information directly into ones mind such as a covert agent for communication or a target for harassment.

All your Signal Intelligence are belong to NSA, including brain signals, and thus your digital communications and thoughts have been set up the bomb...

(Of course you know that radio spectrum travels through objects (How Can Radio Waves Travel Through Walls?, quantum teleportation) and so there is virtually no barrier that shields it entirely, prevents it from being seen, or prevents it from getting to you, and thus allows for you to be spied on and attacked in your car, home, jail, hospital, or other location. Think about how uncomfortable you'd be if the government was monitoring your every thought and controlling your brain to sabotage whatever they seen, while flooding your body with a river of photons, moving your tissue around, expanding and compressing you, heating and chilling you, and pulverizing your brain and soft tissue, putting you into a swollen vegetable like state that would never heal. Now you know what it's like to be me.)

Church Committee, 1975

To the top


Frank Church started the Church Committee to investigate the intelligence community for crimes against the people in 1975. If this group was never created, we would not know about CIA MKULTRA, FBI COINTELPRO, or warrantless surveillance issues of the government at that time. Frank Church realized though, that even back then, the NSA was a threat to society, and he was worried about their use of technology to remotely spy on people domestically:

In 1975, Senator Frank Church, a Democrat from Idaho, said, "We have a particular obligation to examine the NSA, in light of its tremendous potential for abuse. . . . The interception of international communications signals sent through the air is the job of NSA; and, thanks to modern technological developments, it does its job very well. The danger lies in the ability of the NSA to turn its awesome technology against domestic communications."


Of course today, thanks to recent revelations from NSA whistleblowers, we know the NSA turned this awesome technology against the American people, which was meant to be avoided by the passing of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978.

People should be worried that the NSA has always had the ability to intercept communication signals between neurons remotely, once sensors achieved high enough resolution almost anything became possible. Of course, I believe that they could do very little by monitoring these signals outside of tracking peoples movements remotely, but by the 1990s, computers became fast enough to decode evoked potentials to computer data like video and audio, and software could track a persons thoughts, emotions, memories, and nerve impulses for intelligence analysis. There is virtually no difference between the signals emitted from electronic communication devices and human electrical emissions in this regard.

Church Committee Wikipedia page: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_Committee
US intelligence community issues investigated by the Church Committee: CIA/Military Project MKUltra, FBI/CIA COINTELPRO, Nixon's Watergate scandal

Space Preservation Act, weapons ban of 2001

To the top


Congressman Dennis Kucinich's Space Preservation Act of 2001, would have banned all space based weapons, in addition to information, psychotronic, and directed energy weapons used to target humans from land, space, and sea. The bill was derided by Congressmen, and killed by a comment from the Department of Defense, never having came up for a vote. The bill was revisited in 2002, and 2005, only to meet a similar fate.

Lookie here, a template for weapons the US government has that should be banned!

(The bill would have enjoined a treaty with Russia (who passed a ban in 2001) and European Union in order to prevent an information war.)

HR 2977 IH

107th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2977

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by permanently prohibiting the basing of weapons in space by the United States, and to require the President to take action to adopt and implement a world treaty banning space-based weapons.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 2, 2001

Mr. KUCINICH introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Science, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services, and International Relations, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

A BILL

To preserve the cooperative, peaceful uses of space for the benefit of all humankind by permanently prohibiting the basing of weapons in space by the United States, and to require the President to take action to adopt and implement a world treaty banning space-based weapons.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the `Space Preservation Act of 2001'.

SEC. 2. REAFFIRMATION OF POLICY ON THE PRESERVATION OF PEACE IN SPACE.

Congress reaffirms the policy expressed in section 102(a) of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958 (42 U.S.C. 2451(a)), stating that it `is the policy of the United States that activities in space should be devoted to peaceful purposes for the benefit of all mankind.'.

SEC. 3. PERMANENT BAN ON BASING OF WEAPONS IN SPACE.

The President shall--
(1) implement a permanent ban on space-based weapons of the United States and remove from space any existing space-based weapons of the United States; and
(2) immediately order the permanent termination of research and development, testing, manufacturing, production, and deployment of all space-based weapons of the United States and their components.

SEC. 4. WORLD AGREEMENT BANNING SPACE-BASED WEAPONS.

The President shall direct the United States representatives to the United Nations and other international organizations to immediately work toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing a world agreement banning space-based weapons.

SEC. 5. REPORT.

The President shall submit to Congress not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, a report on--
(1) the implementation of the permanent ban on space-based weapons required by section 3; and
(2) progress toward negotiating, adopting, and implementing the agreement described in section 4.

SEC. 6. NON SPACE-BASED WEAPONS ACTIVITIES.

Nothing in this Act may be construed as prohibiting the use of funds for--
(1) space exploration;
(2) space research and development;
(3) testing, manufacturing, or production that is not related to space-based weapons or systems; or
(4) civil, commercial, or defense activities (including communications, navigation, surveillance, reconnaissance, early warning, or remote sensing) that are not related to space-based weapons or systems.

SEC. 7. DEFINITIONS.

In this Act:
(1) The term `space' means all space extending upward from an altitude greater than 60 kilometers above the surface of the earth and any celestial body in such space.
(2)(A) The terms `weapon' and `weapons system' mean a device capable of any of the following:
(i) Damaging or destroying an object (whether in outer space, in the atmosphere, or on earth) by--
(I) firing one or more projectiles to collide with that object;
(II) detonating one or more explosive devices in close proximity to that object;
(III) directing a source of energy (including molecular or atomic energy, subatomic particle beams, electromagnetic radiation, plasma, or extremely low frequency (ELF) or ultra low frequency (ULF) energy radiation) against that object; or
(IV) any other unacknowledged or as yet undeveloped means.
(ii) Inflicting death or injury on, or damaging or destroying, a person (or the biological life, bodily health, mental health, or physical and economic well-being of a person)--
(I) through the use of any of the means described in clause (i) or subparagraph (B);
(II) through the use of land-based, sea-based, or space-based systems using radiation, electromagnetic, psychotronic, sonic, laser, or other energies directed at individual persons or targeted populations for the purpose of information war, mood management, or mind control of such persons or populations; or
(III) by expelling chemical or biological agents in the vicinity of a person.

(B) Such terms include exotic weapons systems such as--
(i) electronic, psychotronic, or information weapons;
(ii) chemtrails;
(iii) high altitude ultra low frequency weapons systems;
(iv) plasma, electromagnetic, sonic, or ultrasonic weapons;
(v) laser weapons systems;
(vi) strategic, theater, tactical, or extraterrestrial weapons; and
(vii) chemical, biological, environmental, climate, or tectonic weapons.
(C) The term `exotic weapons systems' includes weapons designed to damage space or natural ecosystems (such as the ionosphere and upper atmosphere) or climate, weather, and tectonic systems with the purpose of inducing damage or destruction upon a target population or region on earth or in space.


Patents

To the top


  1. Communication system and method including brain wave analysis and/or use of brain activity
  2. Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brain waves
  3. Multifunctional radio frequency directed energy system
  4. Method and device for implementing the radio frequency hearing effect
  5. Apparatus for audibly communicating speech using the radio frequency hearing effect
  6. Hearing effect
  7. Nervous system excitation device


6,011,991



  1. US patent for remote neural monitoring


We now have found the US patents behind the technology. US patent 6011991 describes remote neural monitoring in it's entirety. The more complex the remote sensor, the more time they put into this weapon, the more they were able to remotely read, and the more they were able to control. This patent describes the ultimate intelligence gathering apparatus, the ultimate weapon against society. Read the PDF, complete with diagrams by the inventors in how this weapon could be used to track everything under the sun, by tapping into the minds of everyone remotely. It's invention includes a full system of both remote imaging and remote firing devices, ie satellites and radar, and a system of using telecommunications networks, fiber optics, internal bus, and microwave or RF uplinks/downlinks to transmit both ways brainwave data (representory of neural frequencies transmitted by wire, binary in a computer system, and commands to be executed via computer), between a computer storage system where thoughts and nerve impulses are decoded, stored, with capability to render and manipulate brainwaves and send them back into a person (using the directed energy/remote firing devices).

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from US Patent and Trade Mark Office: us_patent_remote_neural_monitoring_6011991.pdf

Text of the remote neural monitoring patent/brain computer interface, filed December 7th 1998:

Diagrams (click for full size):
Remote Neural Monitoring Patent Diagram 1 Remote Neural Monitoring Patent Diagram 2 Remote Neural Monitoring Patent Diagram 3 Remote Neural Monitoring Patent Diagram 4

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 6,011,991
Mardirossian January 4, 2000

Communication system and method including brain wave analysis and/or use of brain activity

Abstract

A system and method for enabling human beings to communicate by way of their monitored brain activity. The brain activity of an individual is monitored and transmitted to a remote location (e.g. by satellite). At the remote location, the monitored brain activity is compared with pre-recorded normalized brain activity curves, waveforms, or patterns to determine if a match or substantial match is found. If such a match is found, then the computer at the remote location determines that the individual was attempting to communicate the word, phrase, or thought corresponding to the matched stored normalized signal.


Inventors: Mardirossian; Aris (Germantown, MD)
Assignee: Technology Patents, LLC (Derwood, MD)
Family ID: 22766053
Appl. No.: 09/206,365
Filed: December 7, 1998

Current U.S. Class: 600/544 ; 600/545
Current International Class: A61B 5/00 (20060101); A61B 5/0476 (20060101); A61N 005/00 ()
Current CPC Class: A61B 5/0002 (20130101); A61B 5/0476 (20130101)
Field of Search: 600/300,544-545 128/897-898,904,905

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
5059814 October 1991 Mead et al.
5118606 June 1992 Lynch et al.
5136687 August 1992 Edelman et al.
5224203 June 1993 Skeirik
5303705 April 1994 Nenov
5325862 July 1994 Lewis et al.
5461699 October 1995 Arbabi et al.
5522863 June 1996 Spano et al.
5640493 June 1997 Skeirik
5715821 February 1998 Faupel
5719561 February 1998 Gonzales
5722418 March 1998 Bro
5730146 March 1998 Itil et al.
5736543 April 1998 Rogers et al.
5737485 April 1998 Flanagan et al.
5747492 May 1998 Lynch et al.
5791342 August 1998 Woodard
5816247 October 1998 Maynard
Primary Examiner: O'Connor; Cary
Assistant Examiner: Astorino; Michael
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Rhoa; Joseph A.

Claims



I claim:

1. A method of communicating comprising the steps of:

providing a first human being at a first location;

providing a computer at a second location that is remote from the first location;

providing a satellite;

providing at least one sensor on the first human being;

detecting brain activity of the first human being using the at least one sensor, and transmitting the detected brain activity to the satellite as a signal including brain activity information;

the satellite sending a signal including the brain activity information to the second location;

a receiver at the second location receiving the signal from the satellite and forwarding the brain activity information in the signal to the computer;

comparing the received brain activity information of the first human being with normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being from memory; and

determining whether the first human being was attempting to communicate particular words, phrases or thoughts, based upon the comparing of the received brain activity information to the information from memory.

2. The method of claim 1, further including the following steps:

asking the first human being a plurality of questions and recording brain activity of the first human being responsive to the plurality of questions in the process of developing said normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being stored in the memory.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein the plurality of questions are the same question.

4. The method of claim 2, wherein the plurality of questions are different questions.

5. The method of claim 2, further comprising the step of normalizing or averaging recorded brain activity responsive to a given question or set of questions in developing the normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being.

6. A method of communicating words from a first location to a second location, the method comprising the steps of:

providing a first human being at the first location;

providing a computer at the second location that is remote from the first location;

providing at least one sensor on the first human being;

detecting brain activity of the first human being using the at least one sensor wherein the brain activity is indicative of words to be communicated by the first human being, and forwarding the detected brain activity indicative of words to be communicated to the computer at the second location;

comparing the received brain activity of the first human being indicative of words to be communicated with normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being from memory; and

determining words being communicated by the first human being based upon the comparing of the received brain activity information to the information from memory.

7. The method of claim 6, further including asking the first human being a plurality of questions and recording brain activity of the first human being responsive to the plurality of questions in a process of developing the normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being.

8. The method of claim 6, further comprising the step of the computer outputting words determined in said determining step to a second human being so that words thought or stated by the first human being are communicated by the first human being to the second human being via the computer.
Description



This invention relates to a system and method for enabling human beings to communicate with one another by monitoring brain activity. In particular, this invention relates to such a system and method where brain activity of a particular individual is monitored and transmitted in a wireless manner (e.g. via satellite) from the location of the individual to a remote location so that the brain activity can be computer analyzed at the remote location thereby enabling the computer and/or individuals at the remote location to determine what the monitored individual was thinking or wishing to communicate.

In certain embodiments this invention relates to the analysis of brain waves or brain activity, and/or to the remote firing of select brain nodes in order to produce a predetermined effect on an individual.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

It is known to monitor brain activity by way of electroencephalograph (EEG) methods, magnetoencephalograph (MEG) methods, and the like. For example, see U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,816,247 and 5,325,862, the disclosures of which are both hereby incorporated herein by reference. As discussed in the '247 patent, an EEG may be recorded from a number of pairs of scalp electrodes and processed according to known software. Such software and/or hardware acquires both processed and unprocessed EEG data and may record it on a disk. The records may be replayed and statistics of the on-line measures made on suitable sections placed in categories predefined by a user. This may utilize the form of database of statistical measures of brain activity. Unfortunately, neither the '862 nor the '247 patents disclose or suggest any methods by which humans can communicate with one another by way of monitoring brain activity.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,719,561 discloses a communications device and method, the entire disclosure of the '561 patent hereby being incorporated herein by reference. The '561 patent discusses a method and device for vibromechanical tactile communications adaptable for use by individuals to recognize alpha numeric messages in a language or in other symbols known to them. The '561 patent discusses using a series of sequentially firing vibromechanical stimulators vibrating against a suitably tactile sensitive surface of the wearer (e.g. skin) to induce a phenomenon of illustration of linear continuity. Unfortunately, the '561 patent requires the use of burdensome and complex vibromechanical tactile devices, and is not suitable for long distance communication.

It is a purpose of this invention to address any or all of the above-identified problems in the prior art, as well as other problems which will become apparent to the skilled artisan from the following detailed description of this invention.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Generally speaking, this invention fulfills the above described needs in the art by providing a method of communicating comprising the steps of:

providing a first human being at a first location;

providing a computer at a second location that is remote from the first location;

providing a satellite;

providing at least one sensor (preferably a plurality--e.g. tens, hundreds, or thousands, with each sensor monitoring the firing of one or more brain nodes or synapse type members) on the first human being;

detecting brain activity of the first human being using the at least one sensor, and transmitting the detected brain activity to the satellite as a signal including brain activity information;

the satellite sending a signal including the brain activity information to the second location;

a receiver at the second location receiving the signal from the satellite and forwarding the brain activity information in the signal to the computer;

comparing the received brain activity information of the first human being with normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being from memory; and

determining whether the first human being was attempting to communicate particular words, phrases or thoughts, based upon the comparing of the received brain activity information to the information from memory.

In certain embodiments, the invention includes the following step: asking the first human being a plurality of questions and recording brain activity of the first human being responsive to the plurality of questions in the process of developing said normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being stored in the memory. A database in a memory may include, for each of a plurality (e.g. one hundred or thousands) of individuals, a number of prerecorded files each corresponding to a particular thought, attempt to communicate a word, attempt to communicate a phrase or thought, or mental state. Measured brain activity of a given individual may be compared to files from that database of that individual to determine what the individual is attempting to communicate or what type of mental state the individual is in.

In certain embodiments, the plurality of questions are the same question.

In certain embodiments, the plurality of questions are different questions.

In certain embodiments, the invention includes the step of normalizing or averaging recorded brain activity responsive to a given question or set of questions in developing the normalized or averaged brain activity information relating to the first human being.

It is an object of this invention to enable brain activity of a first human being to be monitored, with the activity being transmitted to a remote location so that individuals and/or a computer at the remote location can determine what the first human being was thinking or intending to communicate. In such a manner, human beings can communicate with one another via monitoring of brain activity, and transmission of the same.

It is another object of this invention to communicate monitored brain activity from one location to another in a wireless manner, such as by IR, RF, or satellite.

It is another object of this invention to provide a system capable of identifying particular nodes in an individual's brain, the firings of which affect characteristics such as appetite, hunger, thirst, communication skills (e.g. which nodes are utilized to communicate certain words such as "yes", "no", or phrases such as "I don't know", "I'm not sure", or numbers such as "one", "two", "ten", "one hundred" and the like), thought processes, depression, and the like). When such nodes are identified, they may be specifically monitored by one or more sensors to analyze behavior or communication or words, phrases, or thoughts. In other embodiments, devices mounted to the person (e.g. underneath the scalp) may be energized in a predetermined manner or sequence to remotely cause particular identified brain node(s) to be fired in order to cause a predetermined feeling or reaction in the individual, such as lack of hunger, lack or depression, lack or thirst, lack of aggression, lack of alzheimer's disease effects, or the like.

Brain node firings are the basis of thought and mind processes of individuals. Certain embodiments of this invention enable such brain firings and behavior to be captured by an external device. It is an object of this invention to utilize a normalization or normalizing curve (or waveform or pattern) based upon monitored brain activity to detect or determine thought processes by the monitored individual. In such a manner, individuals can transmit by satellite what they are thinking or intending to think via their monitored brain activity, without the need to talk or write down information.

Each individual has a distinct pattern of brain node firings or brain activity. Each person is believed to be different in this regard. Thus, a separate brain activity file may be stored in a memory for each individual, and analyzed or compared to received brain activity from the monitored individual in order to determine what that individual is thinking or attempting to communicate.

It is an object of this invention to utilize brain monitoring and transmission of monitored brain activity for lie detection and/or human communication.

It is another object of this invention to formulate or build-up a file for each individual based upon patterns recorded in response to that individual answering or responding to numerous predetermined questions with known intended responses. Subsequently, monitored brain activity from that individual may then be compared to information stored corresponding to that individual to determine whether the individual is lying or what the individual is intending to communicate in the monitored brain activity. The higher the level of detail of the file, the higher the level of potential communication by certain embodiments of this invention.

At least one sensor on the scalp or skin in certain embodiments provides signals representative of physiological activity generated in the brain of a monitored individual. A data acquisition device receives the signals representative of the physiological activity generated in the monitored brain, and transforms the signals into a pattern or curve corresponding to the monitored brain activity. This is then transmitted (e.g. by satellite) to a computer located at a remote location, with the monitored brain activity pattern or curve being stored in a memory at the remote location. The computer then causes the received pattern or curve information to be compared with stored brain activity pattern information relating to the monitored individual in order to determine (a) whether the monitored individual is lying in response to a particular question, or (b) what the monitored individual is communicating or attempting to communicate.

Another object of this invention is to utilize normalization curves representative of received brain activity patterns from the monitored individual, and to compare the received normalized data with normalized brain activity pattern or curve data stored in memory relating to that individual. The use of normalization curves in one or both of the individual's file and received brain activity improves reliability, accuracy, and efficiency.

In certain embodiments of this invention, the computer located at the remote location includes a neural network suitably programmed in accordance with known neural network techniques, for the purpose of receiving the monitored brain activity signals, transforming the signals into useful forms, training and testing the neural network to distinguish particular forms and patterns of physiological activity generated in the brain of the monitored individual, and/or comparing the received monitored brain activity information with stored information relating to that individual in order to determine what the individual is attempting to communicate.

This invention further fulfills the above described needs in the art by providing a method of affecting a mental or physiological state of an individual, the method comprising the steps of:

providing at least one firing device capable of being energized on an individual; and

energizing the firing device to cause the firing device to cause a particular or group of brain nodes to be fired in the individual in order to affect the mental or physiological state of the individual.

In certain embodiments, the method including the step of providing the at least one firing device on or under the scalp of the individual in proximity of the brain of the individual.

In certain embodiments, the method including the step of identifying at least one brain node related to the mental or physiological state intended to be affected, targeting the identified brain node, and energizing the firing device or devices to cause the identified node to be fired in order to affect the mental or physiological state of the individual.

In certain embodiments, the method is utilized to cause the individual to be one of less hungry, less thirsty, less anxious, and less depressed.

In certain embodiments, the remote node firing devices are electrically energized and generate electromagnetic waves which cause a plurality of brain nodes to be fired.

This invention will now be described with respect to certain embodiments thereof, along with reference to the accompanying illustrations.

IN THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram illustrating the system and method according to a first embodiment of this invention.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram illustrating the neural network inclusive computer of the FIG. 1 embodiment of this invention.

FIGS. 3(a)-3(f) are exemplary graphs of monitored brain activity of different individuals, with, for example, FIG. 3(a) illustrating monitored brain activity of a particular individual who is attempting to communicate the word "no" and FIG. 3(b) illustrating monitored brain activity of the same individual when that individual is attempting to communicate the word "yes."

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN EMBODIMENTS OF THIS INVENTION

Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings in which like reference numerals indicate like parts throughout the several views.

There are significant individual differences in electrical and magnetic activity in the brain. Brain node or synapse firings are chemically and/or electrically caused and/or related. Some characteristics of brain activity may be relatively stable when measured from day to day. Brain responses to sensory stimulation (e.g. visual, audible, olfactory, gustatory, etc.) as well as higher order cognitive processing (e.g. decision-making or thought/word communication), can be examined in great detail using a variety of recording procedures. A recording of brain electrical activity is called an electroencephalograph (EEG), and a comparable record of magnetic activity is called a magnetoencephalogram (MEG). When human sensory systems are stimulated by a particular event (a given sound or optical effect) or when a human wishes to communicate a particular word or phrase (e.g. the word "yes" or the word "no"), there is a predictable sequence of processing that occurs in the brain. This processing generates an event related potential that can be recorded from the scalp beginning shortly after the onset of the stimulation, and lasting for approximately 0.5-4 seconds after the stimulation. These potentials can be repeatedly generated from individuals given the same stimulus or wishing to communicate the same word or phrase. In certain embodiments of this invention, brain activity may be repeatedly sampled, and response patterns averaged by way of a normalization curve or the like. Comparable recordings of averaged or normalized magnetic activity may be referred to as evoked fields. Neuroelectric and neuormagnetic recordings are subsets of general measurings referred to as bioelectric and biomagnetic measures. These measures refer to recordings which may be made from different types of tissue including neural, muscle, heart, etc. For example, EEG, evoked potentials (EP), MEG, position emission tomography (PET) of glucose, or single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) may be used to monitor brain activity in different embodiments of this invention.

Event related potentials have been shown to be stable and unique to individuals. See U.S. Pat. No. 5,325,862, which is incorporated herein by reference. Although the actual shape of such potentials varies considerably from individual to individual, there is stability within individuals over time for individual waveforms. Sources of these potentials and variations thereof include individual differences in brain anatomy and differences in the way in which information is processed by each individual. Thus, it is feasible herein to utilize monitored brain waveforms for the purpose of determining whether an individual is lying or not, or what word or phrase a particular individual is attempting to communicate (without the need for writing information down or speaking).

Thus, evoked fields and/or event related potentials can be utilized as classifiers for several purposes. For example, because these potentials and/or fields are relatively unique to individuals, an individual's evoked field or event related potential (or brainprint) can be utilized to determine what thoughts an individual is communicating or attempting to communicate given knowledge of the identification of that individual and previously recorded patterns associated with that individual communicating predetermined words, phrases or thoughts. Because there is a remarkable degree of stability in individual waveforms of a person over time, it is possible to identify changes in individual event related potentials and evoked field patterns which can be utilized to determine when an individual is lying, or impaired in any way.

There are numerous neural networks in the brain, these networks having complex inner connections and non-linear response patterns. Relationships between the latencies and amplitudes of event related potentials and evoked field waveform features have become well understood. In addition, there are many individual variations in waveform morphology. Computing techniques modeled after brain neural functions are known in the art. They are typically referred to as neural network analysis techniques or computers. Neural network analysis computing technology offers a method for finding complex, non-linear relationships in large data sets, even when the nature of the relationships is not known in advance. Neural network technology is implemented sometimes using computer software programs, but may also be hardware implemented. Neural network theory, and detailed descriptions of specific techniques, are available in numerous books and articles set forth in the aforesaid '862 patent, as well as in, for example, any of U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,136,687; 5,059,814; 5,461,699; 5,737,485; 5,224,203; and 5,640,493, the entire disclosures of which are all hereby incorporated herein by reference. Such neural computing systems have a capability to learn features of data sets and classify same into either unknown or predetermined categories. A variety of neural network techniques may be utilized to classify event related potentials, evoke fields, or any other type of pattern corresponding to monitored brain behavior. In most neural networks, input values are adjusted through a series of layers by a series of transforms and weighted so that output categories are correctly predicted. Thus, a neural computing system herein may be utilized to receive monitored brain activity and based upon predetermined stored and/or learned information, determine based upon the received information what word, phrase, or thoughts the monitored individual is attempting to communicate. In such a manner, the monitoring of brain activity may be utilized to allow individuals to communicate from one location to another, with the neural computer or any other type of computer analyzing the monitored brain information (e.g. via comparison with previously recorded brain activity of that person) and outputting information indicative of the word, phrase, or thoughts which the monitored individual is attempting to communicate.

FIG. 1 illustrates a particular monitored individual 3 according to an embodiment of this invention. Individual 3 includes a head 5. As illustrated, sensors 7 may be attached or otherwise disposed adjacent to the scalp or skin of the individual 3. Sensors 7 detect and monitor brain activity of individual 3. Sensors 7 can detect event related potentials and/or event related fields (i.e. ERPs or ERFs). Optionally, sensor 7 may be utilized to detect any other type of "brainprint" indicative of brain activity of individual 3.

The monitored "brainprint" of individual 3 is forwarded to a small transmitter 9 which is preferably embedded in the skin of individual 3, or in close proximity to individual 3. Transmitter 9 causes the monitored "brainprint" information detected by sensor 7 to be transmitted by way of antenna 11 as wireless signals 13. In certain embodiments of this invention, signals 13 propagate through atmospheric free space in the form of uplink satellite signals toward satellite 15. Satellite 15 receives signals 13 and then redirects those signals back toward Earth as signals 17 which include information therein (analog or digital) indicative of the monitored brain activity of individual 3. Signals 17 are received by antenna 19. Antenna 19 and individual 3 are both preferably located on Earth at different locations. In certain embodiments, antenna 19 is located at a location remote from individual 3. For example, individual 3, sensor 7, transmitter 9, and antenna 11 may all be located in Europe while receiving antenna 19 and computer 21 may be located in the United States.

FIG. 1 illustrates both a digital embodiment 23 and an analog embodiment 25 of receiving systems. Either may be utilized. When signals 17 include digital information, they are received by antenna 19 and forwarded to tuner 27. The signals are processed through equalizer 29, demodulator 31, parallel to serial converter 33, deinterleaver 35, decoder 37, descrambler 39, digital estimator 41, and finally to neural network analysis or other type of computer 21. Monitored firings of brain nodes may be broken down into digital form (e.g. the firing of a node is equivalent to a "1" and nonfiring to a "0"). These 1s and 0s, which are digital, may be modulated onto a carrier and then transmitted to the satellite so that the monitored brain activity in the signal is in digital form. When the computer receives this monitored signal from the satellite, the demodulating system analyzes the received digital information (e.g. 1s and 0s) which is indicative of the firing of select brain nodes of the monitored individual. These digital signals may be transformed, in certain embodiments, into analog form similar to the illustrations of FIG. 3, or alternatively may be kept in digital form and compared with prestored digital signals to determine what the monitored person was intending to communicate.

In analog embodiments, signal 17 is received by antenna 19, and the information forwarded to tuner 27, amplifier 43, and the analog information inclusive signal 45 is forwarded to computer 21. In analog embodiments, the signals received by the monitoring sensors are in the form of waves similar to those shown in FIG. 3 herein.

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of computer 21 in certain embodiments of this invention. The input thereto may be in either analog or digital form. Computer 21 includes processor 51, RAM 53, comparing device 55, and memory 57 for storing a plurality of files or patterns of measured brain activity or responses of particular individuals. For example, memory or storage 57 may include one file for individual X which includes hundreds of monitored brain activity (e.g. ERPs or ERFs) that were measured when individual X was attempting to communicate the word "no." Another file in storage or memory 57 may have stored therein hundreds or thousands of monitored brain patterns or activities of individual X when individual X was attempting to communicate the word "yes." Storage or memory 57 may also include similar files for individual X including patterns which were measured when the individual was attempting to communicate different words or phrases. Each of these files may have a normalized curve, waveform or pattern formed or developed for each word, phrase, or thought for each individual, based upon all of the recorded patterns or curves for that word, phrase, or thought (e.g. 1,000 such recordings for the phrase "help me," and 1,000 for the phrase "I've been caught." Memory 57 further includes in certain embodiments many different files for many different individuals, all including files for each individual's past communicating of particular words, phrases, or thoughts.

Normalized curves or patterns corresponding to each individual's attempt to communicate a particular word, thought, or a pattern may be stored in storage or memory 57. Thus, for individual X attempting to communicate the word "no", a normalized curve, waveform, or a pattern may be stored in memory 57 indicative or such a communication. Likewise, a normalized curve, waveform, or pattern may be stored in memory 57 for individual Y attempting to communicate the word "no" and another distinct normalized curve, waveform, or pattern may be stored in memory 57 for individual Y attempting to communicate the word "yes." In a similar manner, a normalized curve, waveform or pattern may be stored in memory 57 for individual Y attempting to communicate the phrase "I don't know" or "I'm not sure." Thus, if one hundred different human beings have files in memory 57 corresponding to each of these individual's attempt to communicate the phrase "I don't know", then one hundred different normalized waveforms, curves or patterns would be stored in memory 57, each corresponding to a particular individual. A normalized curve, waveform, or pattern may be developed by repeatedly asking an individual tens, hundreds, or thousands of times a particular question or group of questions which evoke a known response such as "I don't know," or "no" or "yes." Each time the response is made, a curve, waveform, or a pattern is recorded. After tens, hundreds, or even thousands of these patterns have been recorded, a normalized curve, waveform or pattern is formed based upon same so as to be indicative of that particular individual's attempt to communicate the phrase. In a similar manner, if it is desired to store normalized curves, waveforms, or patterns for ten different words, phrases or thoughts communicated by a particular individual, then a normalized curve, waveform, or pattern is developed for each of the different ten items so that ten different normalized curves, waveforms or patterns are stored in memory 57 for that individual and classified accordingly. Thus, when computer 21 receives signals indicating brain activity from that monitored individual, the received signals are compared by device 55 to the ten different normalized signals in memory 57 in order to determine what the individual is attempting to communicate.

FIGS. 3(a)-3(f) illustrate different normalized curves which may be stored in memory 57. FIG. 3(a) shows a normalized curve indicative of individual "Joe" attempting to communicate the word "no." FIG. 3(b) shows a normalized curve indicative of individual "Joe" attempting to communicate the word "yes." FIG. 3(c) shows a normalized curve indicative of another individual "Steve" attempting to communicate the word "no", while FIG. 3(d) shows a normalized curve indicative of individual "Steve" attempting to communicate the word "yes." Finally, FIG. 3(e) shows a normalized curve indicative of still another individual "Anita" attempting to communicate the word "no", while FIG. 3(f) illustrates a normalized curve of "Anita" attempting to communicate the word "yes."

Thus, if computer 21 receives a signal including monitored brain information identified as being from individual "Steve", then computer 21 causes the received signal to be compared by device 55 with the normalized curves or waveforms shown in FIGS. 3(c) and 3(d) and all others normalized stored signals of "Steve." If a match or a close match is found between the received monitored signal and the normalized curve of FIG. 3(c), then the computer determines that "Steve" was attempting to communicate the word "no." Meanwhile, if no match is found with the normalized curve of FIG. 3(c), but a match or a substantial match is found with regard to the normalized curve or waveform of FIG. 3(d), then the computer determines that "Steve" was attempting to communicate the word "yes." If no match is found between the received "Steve" signal and any normalized curve or waveform of either FIG. 3(c) or FIG. 3(d), or with any other normalized curve stored in memory 57 corresponding to "Steve", then the computer determines that it is unclear what "Steve" was attempting to communicate.

Thus, different embodiments of this invention may be utilized to help individuals communicate with one another without having to send faxes, make telephone calls, speak, or the like. For instance, military personnel located in the Middle East or Europe can communicate with superiors in the Pentagon, simply by use of monitored brain activity being transmitted by satellite to the Pentagon. (the Pentagon is always waiting for your thoughts, even if you don't intend to communicate with them. ;) Alternatively, a special operations individual (e.g. a spy) located in Europe could be asked a question by way of a telephone call, fax, or the like, and that individual can respond to that question simply by thinking the answer so that that individual's monitored brain activity which is transmitted back to the United States can be analyzed to determine the individual's response. In further embodiments of this invention, twoway human communication is possible, provided that human beings at both locations have equipment capable of analyzing and monitoring received monitored brain activity. In such a manner, individuals at two remote locations may communicate with one another without either individual having to speak a word, write anything down, or the like.

In other embodiments, devices mounted to the person (e.g. underneath the scalp) may be energized in a predetermined manner or sequence to remotely cause particular identified brain node(s) to be fired in order to cause a predetermined feeling or reaction in the individual, such as lack of hunger, lack or depression, lack or thirst, lack of aggression, lack of alzheimer's disease effects, or the like. In an example of such an embodiment, the sensors may be replaced with remote firing devices. The computer may cause satellite signals to be sent to a receiver on or proximate an individual, which receiver forwards instructions to the remote firing devices that are mounted, e.g. under the scalp of the individual, in order to selectively cause same to fire or be energized. Such energizing of the device(s) under or near the scalp in a predetermined manner tend to cause identified brain nodes to fire a predetermined number of times. This is useful, for example, in the following scenarios. For example, the system can be used to identify which brain node(s) in a particular individual are typically fired causing that individual to not be hungry. If that individual has an eating disorder or problems with obesity, then the firing devices can be remotely energized thereby causing the identified brain node(s) to be fired at predetermined or random times in order to cause the individual to not be hungry (even if the individual has not eaten for several hours or several days).

In a similar manner, brain nodes which cause an individual to be jovial or not depressed can be identified, and caused to be remotely fired by the computer and firing devices 7 mounted under the scalp in a predetermined manner or sequence(s) in order to minimize or prevent depression of the individual. This may eliminate the need for drugs such a Prozac. Alternatively, such drug(s) may be administered after such remote node firings, and the nodes at issue thereafter being monitored as discussed above and a biofeedback being performed to determine the effectiveness of the drug(s) or alternatively to enable a system to be utilized combining drug treatment with remote node firings to more effectively prevent or minimize depression of the individual. Thus, the biofeedback may enable the identified nodes to be fired by the firing devices and/or drug treatment at the proper level to most efficiently treat the disease, illness or state. This invention, including remote firings and/or monitoring, is not limited to these examples, and its potential uses are almost endless. Brain node firings can be remotely controlled in a predetermined manner or sequence(s) (even random or sequential) to reduce, minimize, or eliminate undesirable behavior or mental characteristics. This may eliminate or reduce the need for burdensome drug treatments and the like. Brain node firings of a normal person, or of a particular person in a given mental or physical state, may be monitored and the brain activity stored and analyzed in the computer 21 memory. This stored brain activity may then be caused by remotely causing the firing devices to cause particular brain node(s) to be fired at given times or intervals in a predetermined manner or sequence. The computer may be programmed to instruct the brain sensors and/or firing devices to identify which brain nodes are responsible for which types of physical or mental behavior, and then the computer transmits firing instructions to the firing devices for those nodes to cause them to be fired in a predetermined manner to effect such physical or mental behavior.

Once given the above disclosure, many other features, modifications, and improvements will become apparent to the skilled artisan. Such other features, modifications, and improvements are, therefore, considered to be a part of this invention, the scope of which is to be determined by the following claims.

* * * * *


One amazing patent. It's inventors also obfuscated the fact that the remote firing devices could be replaced with long range firing devices, or sensors mounted directly in a satellite or other remote sensor/device. They sum it up in the end, "improvements will become apparent to the skilled artisan". You could have implants or devices mounted under the scalp, by why, when you could just target the neurons or tissue directly (neurons do count as a receiving and transmitting device)? In the examples given, it adds a layer of duplication, needing to broadcast the signal to a satellite, then from the satellite to a satellite receiver, then from the satellite receiver to the neurons, when one could simply broadcast directly into the neurons without a satellite receiver or any local control over the process, especially as far as the government is concerned. By the way, Technology Patents, LLC owns many other patents that might indicate they are a military/aviation contractor.

3,951,134



  1. Patent for remote brain wave reading and manipulation using radio waves


This is a patent for long-range brain wave reading and remote brain wave manipulation utilizing radio waves. This could serve as a base for any long-range BCI to fit with the invention of patent 6,011,991 (which allows any BCI to be dropped in, even ones that are located in distant locations like satellites).

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from US Patent and Trade Mark Office: malech_patent_remote_brainwave_signal_reading_and_manipulation_3951134_1974.pdf

Diagrams (click for full size):
Remote Brain Wave Reading/Manipulation Patent Diagram 1 Remote Brain Wave Reading/Manipulation Patent Diagram 2 Remote Brain Wave Reading/Manipulation Patent Diagram 3

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 3,951,134
Malech April 20, 1976

Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brain waves

Abstract

Apparatus for and method of sensing brain waves at a position remote from a subject whereby electromagnetic signals of different frequencies are simultaneously transmitted to the brain of the subject in which the signals interfere with one another to yield a waveform which is modulated by the subject's brain waves. The interference waveform which is representative of the brain wave activity is re-transmitted by the brain to a receiver where it is demodulated and amplified. The demodulated waveform is then displayed for visual viewing and routed to a computer for further processing and analysis. The demodulated waveform also can be used to produce a compensating signal which is transmitted back to the brain to effect a desired change in electrical activity therein.


Inventors: Malech; Robert G. (Plainview, NY)
Assignee: Dorne & Margolin Inc. (Bohemia, NY)
Family ID: 23964813
Appl. No.: 05/494,518
Filed: August 5, 1974

Current U.S. Class: 600/544 ; 600/407
Current CPC Class: A61B 5/0006 (20130101); A61B 5/0476 (20130101); A61B 5/0507 (20130101)
Current International Class: A61B 5/00 (20060101); A61B 5/0476 (20060101); A61B 005/04 ()
Field of Search: ;128/1C,1R,2.1B,2.1R,419R,422R,420,404,2R,2S,2.5R,2.5V,2.5F,2.6R ;340/248A,258A,258B,258D,229

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
2860627 November 1958 Harden et al.
3096768 July 1963 Griffith, Jr.
3233450 February 1966 Fry
3483860 December 1969 Namerow
3495596 February 1970 Condict
3555529 January 1971 Brown et al.
3773049 November 1973 Rabichev et al.
3796208 March 1974 Bloice
Primary Examiner: Kamm; William E.
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Darby & Darby

Claims



What is claimed is:

1. Brain wave monitoring apparatus comprising

means for producing a base frequency signal,

means for producing a first signal having a frequency related to that of the base frequency and at a predetermined phase related thereto,

means for transmitting both said base frequency and said first signals to the brain of the subject being monitored,

means for receiving a second signal transmitted by the brain of the subject being monitored in response to both said base frequency and said first signals,

mixing means for producing from said base frequency signal and said received second signal a response signal having a frequency related to that of the base frequency, and

means for interpreting said response signal.

2. Apparatus as in claim 1 where said receiving means comprises

means for isolating the transmitted signals from the received second signals.

3. Apparatus as in claim 2 further comprising a band pass filter with an input connected to said isolating means and an output connected to said mixing means.

4. Apparatus as in claim 1 further comprising means for amplifying said response signal.

5. Apparatus as in claim 4 further comprising means for demodulating said amplified response signal.

6. Apparatus as in claim 5 further comprising interpreting means connected to the output of said demodulator means.

7. Apparatus according to claim 1 further comprising

means for producing an electromagnetic wave control signal dependent on said response signal, and

means for transmitting said control signal to the brain of said subject.

8. Apparatus as in claim 7 wherein said transmitting means comprises means for directing the electromagnetic wave control signal to a predetermined part of the brain.

9. A process for monitoring brain wave activity of a subject comprising the steps of

transmitting at least two electromagnetic energy signals of different frequencies to the brain of the subject being monitored,

receiving an electromagnetic energy signal resulting from the mixing of said two signals in the brain modulated by the brain wave activity and retransmitted by the brain in response to said transmitted energy signals, and,

interpreting said received signal.

10. A process as in claim 9 further comprising the step of transmitting a further electromagnetic wave signal to the brain to vary the brain wave activity.

11. A process as in claim 10 wherein the step of transmitting the further signals comprises

obtaining a standard signal,

comparing said received electromagnetic energy signals with said standard signal,

producing a compensating signal corresponding to the comparison between said received electrogagnetic energy signals and the standard signal, and

transmitting the compensating signals to the brain of the subject being monitored.
Description



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Medical science has found brain waves to be a useful barometer of organic functions. Measurements of electrical activity in the brain have been instrumental in detecting physical and psychic disorder, measuring stress, determining sleep patterns, and monitoring body metabolism.

The present art for measurement of brain waves employs electroencephalographs including probes with sensors which are attached to the skull of the subject under study at points proximate to the regions of the brain being monitored. Electrical contact between the sensors and apparatus employed to process the detected brain waves is maintained by a plurality of wires extending from the sensors to the apparatus. The necessity for physically attaching the measuring apparatus to the subject imposes several limitations on the measurement process. The subject may experience discomfort, particulary if the measurements are to be made over extended periods of time. His bodily movements are restricted and he is generally confined to the immediate vicinity of the measuring apparatus. Furthermore, measurements cannot be made while the subject is conscious without his awareness. The comprehensiveness of the measurements is also limited since the finite number of probes employed to monitor local regions of brain wave activity do not permit observation of the total brain wave profile in a single test.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to apparatus and a method for monitoring brain waves wherein all components of the apparatus employed are remote from the test subject. More specifically, high frequency transmitters are operated to radiate electromagnetic energy of different frequencies through antennas which are capable of scanning the entire brain of the test subject or any desired region thereof. The signals of different frequencies penetrate the skull of the subject and impinge upon the brain where they mix to yield an interference wave modulated by radiations from the brain's natural electrical activity. The modulated interference wave is re-transmitted by the brain and received by an antenna at a remote station where it is demodulated, and processed to provide a profile of the suject's brain waves. In addition to passively monitoring his brain waves, the subject's neurological processes may be affected by transmitting to his brain, through a transmitter, compensating signals. The latter signals can be derived from the received and processed brain waves.

OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION

It is therefore an object of the invention to remotely monitor electrical activity in the entire brain or selected local regions thereof with a single measurement.

Another object is the monitoring of a subject's brain wave activity through transmission and reception of electromagnetic waves.

Still another object is to monitor brain wave activity from a position remote from the subject.

A further object is to provide a method and apparatus for affecting brain wave activity by transmitting electromagnetic signals thereto.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other and further objects of the invention will appear from the following description and the accompanying drawings, which form part of the instant specification and which are to be read in conjunction therewith, and in which like reference numerals are used to indicate like parts in the various views;

FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing the interconnection of the components of the apparatus of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram showing signal flow in one embodiment of the apparatus.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to the drawings, specifically FIG. 1, a high frequency transmitter 2 produces and supplies two electromagnetic wave signals through suitable coupling means 14 to an antenna 4. The signals are directed by the antenna 4 to the skull 6 of the subject 8 being examined. The two signals from the antenna 4, which travel independently, penetrate the skull 6 and impinge upon the tissue of the brain 10.

Within the tissue of the brain 10, the signals combine, much in the manner of a conventional mixing process technique, with each section of the brain having a different modulating action. The resulting waveform of the two signals has its greatest amplitude when the two signals are in phase and thus reinforcing one another. When the signals are exactly 180.degree. out of phase the combination produces a resultant waveform of minimum amplitude. If the amplitudes of the two signals transmitted to the subject are maintained at identical levels, the resultant interference waveform, absent influences of external radiation, may be expected to assume zero intensity when maximum interference occurs, the number of such points being equal to the difference in frequencies of the incident signals. However, interference by radiation from electrical activity within the brain 10 causes the waveform resulting from interference of the two transmitted signals to vary from the expected result, i.e., the interference waveform is modulated by the brain waves. It is believed that this is due to the fact that brain waves produce electric charges each of which has a component of electromagnetic radiation associated with it. The electromagnetic radiation produced by the brain waves in turn reacts with the signals transmitted to the brain from the external source.

The modulated interference waveform is re-transmitted from the brain 10, back through the skull 6. A quantity of energy is re-transmitted sufficient to enable it to be picked up by the antenna 4. This can be controlled, within limits, by adjusting the absolute and relative intensities of the signals, originally transmitted to the brain. Of course, the level of the transmitted energy should be kept below that which may be harmful to the subject.

The antenna passes the received signal to a receiver 12 through the antenna electronics 14. Within the receiver the wave is amplified by conventional RF amplifiers 16 and demodulated by conventional detector and modulator electronics 18. The demodulated wave, representing the intra-brain electrical activity, is amplified by amplifiers 20 and the resulting information in electronic form is stored in buffer circuitry 22. From the buffers 22 the information is fed to a suitable visual display 24, for example one employing a cathode ray tube, light emitting diodes, liquid crystals, or a mechanical plotter. The information may also be channeled to a computer 26 for further processing and analysis with the output of the computer displayed by heretofore mentioned suitable means.

In addition to channeling its information to display devices 24, the computer 26 can also produce signals to control an auxiliary transmitter 28. Transmitter 28 is used to produce a compensating signal which is transmitted to the brain 10 of the subject 8 by the antenna 4. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the compensating signal is derived as a function of the received brain wave signals, although it can be produced separately. The compensating signals affect electrical activity within the brain 10.

Various configurations of suitable apparatus and electronic circuitry may be utilized to form the system generally shown in FIG. 1 and one of the many possible configurations is illustrated in FIG. 2. In the example shown therein, two signals, one of 100 MHz and the other of 210 MHz are transmitted simultaneously and combine in the brain 10 to form a resultant wave of frequency equal to the difference in frequencies of the incident signals, i.e., 110 MHz. The sum of the two incident frequencies is also available, but is discarded in subsequent filtering. The 100 MHz signal is obtained at the output 37 of an RF power divider 34 into which a 100 MHz signal generated by an oscillator 30 is injected. The oscillator 30 is of a conventional type employing either crystals for fixed frequency circuits or a tunable circuit set to oscillate at 100 MHz. It can be a pulse generator, square wave generator or sinusoidal wave generator. The RF power divider can be any conventional VHF, UHF or SHF frequency range device constructed to provide, at each of three outputs, a signal identical in frequency to that applied to its input.

The 210 MHz signal is derived from the same 100 MHz oscillator 30 and RF power divider 34 as the 100 MHz signal, operating in concert with a frequency doubler 36 and 10 MHz oscillator 32. The frequency doubler can be any conventional device which provides at its output a signal with frequency equal to twice the frequency of a signal applied at its input. The 10 MHz oscillator can also be of conventional type similar to the 100 MHz oscillator herebefore described. A 100 MHz signal from the output 39 of the RF power divider 34 is fed through the frequency doubler 36 and the resulting 200 MHz signal is applied to a mixer 40. The mixer 40 can be any conventional VHF, UHF or SHF frequency range device capable of accepting two input signals of differing frequencies and providing two output signals with frequencies equal to the sum and difference in frequencies respectively of the input signals. A 10 MHz signal from the oscillator 32 is also applied to the mixer 40. The 200 MHz signal from the doubler 36 and the 10 MHz signal from the oscillator 32 combine in the mixer 40 to form a signal with a frequency of 210 MHz equal to the sum of the frequencies of the 200 MHz and 10 MHz signals.

The 210 MHz signal is one of the signals transmitted to the brain 10 of the subject being monitored. In the arrangement shown in FIG. 2, an antenna 41 is used to transmit the 210 MHz signal and another antenna 43 is used to transmit the 100 MHz signal. Of course, a single antenna capable of operating at 100 MHz and 210 MHz frequencies may be used to transmit both signals. The scan angle, direction and rate may be controlled mechanically, e.g., by a reversing motor, or electronically, e.g., by energizing elements in the antenna in proper synchronization. Thus, the antenna(s) can be of either fixed or rotary conventional types.

A second 100 MHz signal derived from output terminal 37 of the three-way power divider 34 is applied to a circulator 38 and emerges therefrom with a desired phase shift. The circulator 38 can be of any conventional type wherein a signal applied to an input port emerges from an output port with an appropriate phase shift. The 100 MHz signal is then transmitted to the brain 10 of the subject being monitored via the antenna 43 as the second component of the dual signal transmission. The antenna 43 can be of conventional type similar to antenna 41 herebefore described. As previously noted, these two antennas may be combined in a single unit.

The transmitted 100 and 210 MHz signal components mix within the tissue in the brain 10 and interfere with one another yielding a signal of a frequency of 110 MHz, the difference in frequencies of the two incident components, modulated by electromagnetic emissions from the brain, i.e., the brain wave activity being monitored. This modulated 110 MHz signal is radiated into space.

The 110 MHz signal, modulated by brain wave activity, is picked up by an antenna 45 and channeled back through the circulator 38 where it undergoes an appropriate phase shift. The circulator 38 isolates the transmitted signals from the received signal. Any suitable diplexer or duplexer can be used. The antenna 45 can be of conventional type similar to antennas 41 and 43. It can be combined with them in a single unit or it can be separate. The received modulated 110 MHz signal is then applied to a band pass filter 42, to eliminate undesirable harmonics and extraneous noise, and the filtered 110 MHz signal is inserted into a mixer 44 into which has also been introduced a component of the 100 MHz signal from the source 30 distributed by the RF power divider 34. The filter 42 can be any conventional band pass filter. The mixer 44 may also be of conventional type similar to the mixer 40 herebefore described.

The 100 MHz and 110 MHz signals combine in the mixer 44 to yield a signal of frequency equal to the difference in frequencies of the two component signals, i.e., 10 MHz still modulated by the monitored brain wave activity. The 10 MHz signal is amplified in an IF amplifier 46 and channeled to a demodulator 48. The IF amplifier and demodulator 48 can both be of conventional types. The type of demodulator selected will depend on the characteristics of the signals transmitted to and received from the brain, and the information desired to be obtained. The brain may modulate the amplitude, frequency and/or phase of the interference waveform. Certain of these parameters will be more sensitive to corresponding brain wave characteristics than others. Selection of amplitude, frequency or phase demodulation means is governed by the choice of brain wave characteristic to be monitored. If desired, several different types of demodulators can be provided and used alternately or at the same time.

The demodulated signal which is representative of the monitored brain wave activity is passed through audio amplifiers 50 a, b, c which may be of conventional type where it is amplified and routed to displays 58 a, b, c and a computer 60. The displays 58 a, b, c present the raw brain wave signals from the amplifiers 50 a, b, c. The computer 60 processes the amplified brain wave signals to derive information suitable for viewing, e.g., by suppressing, compressing, or expanding elements thereof, or combining them with other information-bearing signals and presents that information on a display 62. The displays can be conventional ones such as the types herebefore mentioned employing electronic visual displays or mechanical plotters 58b. The computer can also be of conventional type, either analog or digital, or a hybrid.

A profile of the entire brain wave emission pattern may be monitored or select areas of the brain may be observed in a single measurement simply by altering the scan angle and direction of the antennas. There is no physical contact between the subject and the monitoring apparatus. The computer 60 also can determine a compensating waveform for transmission to the brain 10 to alter the natural brain waves in a desired fashion. The closed loop compensating system permits instantaneous and continuous modification of the brain wave response pattern.

In performing the brain wave pattern modification function, the computer 60 can be furnished with an external standard signal from a source 70 representative of brain wave activity associated with a desired neurological response. The region of the brain responsible for the response is monitored and the received signal, indicative of the brain wave activity therein, is compared with the standard signal. The computer 60 is programmed to determine a compensating signal, responsive to the difference between the standard signal and received signal. The compensating signal, when transmitted to the monitored region of the brain, modulates the natural brain wave activity therein toward a reproduction of the standard signal, thereby changing the neurological response of the subject.

The computer 60 controls an auxiliary transmitter 64 which transmits the compensating signal to the brain 10 of the subject via an antenna 66. The transmitter 64 is of the high frequency type commonly used in radar applications. The antenna 66 can be similar to antennas 41, 43 and 45 and can be combined with them. Through these means, brain wave activity may be altered and deviations from a desired norm may be compensated. Brain waves may be monitored and control signals transmitted to the brain from a remote station.

It is to be noted that the configuration described is one of many possibilities which may be formulated without departing from the spirit of my invention. The transmitters can be monostratic or bistatic. They also can be single, dual, or multiple frequency devices. The transmitted signal can be continuous wave, pulse, FM, or any combination of these as well as other transmission forms. Typical operating frequencies for the transmitters range from 1 MHz to 40 GHz but may be altered to suit the particular function being monitored and the characteristics of the specific subject.

The individual components of the system for monitoring and controlling brain wave activity may be of conventional type commonly employed in radar systems. (ie. NSA ELINT satellites).

Various subassemblies of the brain wave monitoring and control apparatus may be added, substituted or combined. Thus, separate antennas or a single multi-mode antenna may be used for transmission and reception. Additional displays and computers may be added to present and analyze select components of the monitored brain waves.

Modulation of the interference signal retransmitted by the brain may be of amplitude, frequency and/or phase. Appropriate demodulators may be used to decipher the subject's brain activity and select components of his brain waves may be analyzed by computer to determine his mental state and monitor his thought processes.

As will be appreciated by those familiar with the art, apparatus and method of the subject invention has numerous uses. Persons in critical positions such as drivers and pilots can be continuously monitored with provision for activation of an emergency device in the event of human failure. Seizures, sleepiness and dreaming can be detected. Bodily functions such as pulse rate, heartbeat reqularity and others also can be monitored and occurrences of hallucinations can be detected. The system also permits medical diagnoses of patients, inaccessible to physicians, from remote stations. (like OSH doctors using illegal surveillance on the patients!).

* * * * *


7,629,918



  1. Raytheon patent for Multifunctional radio frequency directed energy system for tracking and targeting all earthly objects and particles


This weapons system can direct radar signals at any point in space to remotely image objects on earth, to track them, and destroy and tamper with them, among many other effects (energy manipulation opens up a whole world of possibilities). Targeting can be the earth, humans, objects, electronics, using subatomic particles. Slow-killed human anyone?

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from US Patent and Trade Mark Office: raytheon_multifunctional_radio_frequency_directed_energy_system_weapon_7629918.pdf

Diagrams (click for full size):
Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 1 Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 2 Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 3 Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 4
Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 5 Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 6 Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 7 Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 8
Directed Energy Weapons Patent Diagram 9

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 7,629,918
Brown ,   et al. December 8, 2009
**Please see images for: ( Certificate of Correction ) **

Multifunctional radio frequency directed energy system

Abstract

An RFDE system includes an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna. The RFDE transmitter and antenna direct high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target. The RFDE system further includes a targeting system for locating the target. The targeting system includes a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target. The RFDE system also includes an antenna pointing system for aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system. Moreover, at least a portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna is integrated within at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna.


Inventors: Brown; Kenneth W. (Yucaipa, CA), Canich; David J. (Upland, CA), Berg; Russell F. (Upland, CA)
Assignee: Raytheon Company (Waltham, MA)
Family ID: 38172802
Appl. No.: 11/300,876
Filed: December 15, 2005

Prior Publication Data

Document IdentifierPublication Date
US 20070139247 A1Jun 21, 2007

Current U.S. Class: 342/13 ; 342/67; 342/74; 342/90; 342/97; 89/1.11
Current CPC Class: F41H 13/0043 (20130101); G01S 7/38 (20130101); H04K 3/45 (20130101); H04K 3/62 (20130101); G01S 7/024 (20130101); G01S 2013/0272 (20130101); H04K 2203/32 (20130101)
Current International Class: G01S 13/66 (20060101); G01S 7/38 (20060101)
Field of Search: ;244/54-61,3.11-3.3 ;342/13,67,74,54,90,43,729,61,14

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
2703399 March 1955 Williams et. al.
2709773 May 1955 Getting et. al.
2745095 May 1956 Stoddard
2840808 June 1958 Woodward
2908870 October 1959 Hardin et al.
3417700 December 1968 Furlani
3688313 August 1972 Kern
3714898 February 1973 Ziemba
3946233 March 1976 Erben et al.
4004487 January 1977 Eichweber
4035799 July 1977 Hsiao
4109883 August 1978 Korr et al.
4119967 October 1978 Johnson et al.
4130821 December 1978 Goldie
4214534 July 1980 Richter et al.
4319242 March 1982 Lewis
4360812 November 1982 Peperone
4456912 June 1984 Ensley
4661819 April 1987 Lewis
4740790 April 1988 Hess et al.
4890109 December 1989 Gagliardi
5013151 May 1991 Hughes
5189244 February 1993 Weldon
5191343 March 1993 Danzer et al.
5387917 February 1995 Hager et al.
5389931 February 1995 Anderson et al.
5432546 July 1995 Cargill
5606313 February 1997 Allen et al.
5613039 March 1997 Wang et al.
5726657 March 1998 Pergande et al.
5747720 May 1998 Schnurr et al.
5777572 July 1998 Janusas
5780839 July 1998 Livingston
5838262 November 1998 Kershner et al.
5977910 November 1999 Matthews
6014922 January 2000 Livingston
6265704 July 2001 Livingston
6347001 February 2002 Arnold et al.
6396577 May 2002 Ramstack
6424286 July 2002 Smith et al.
6545630 April 2003 Apa et al.
6731234 May 2004 Hager et al.
6832740 December 2004 Ransom
6859163 February 2005 Alford et al.
6872960 March 2005 Pepper et al.
6906659 June 2005 Ramstack
6967614 November 2005 Wardell et al.
7046187 May 2006 Fullerton et al.
7205934 April 2007 Hall
7212148 May 2007 Torres
7312744 December 2007 Ramstack
2003/0016421 January 2003 Small
2004/0075884 April 2004 Byren et al.
2005/0012655 January 2005 Lalezari et al.
2005/0115385 June 2005 Rodriguez
2005/0115387 June 2005 Smith et al.
2006/0022115 February 2006 Byren
2006/0082488 April 2006 Keller, III
2006/0238199 October 2006 Larsen
2007/0040725 February 2007 Lowell et al.
2007/0051233 March 2007 Duge

Other References

International Search Report for corresponding Application No. PCT/US2007/001831 dated Oct. 29, 2007. cited by other.

Primary Examiner: Tarcza; Thomas H
Assistant Examiner: Barker; Matthew M
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Renner, Otto, Boisselle & Sklar, LLP

Claims



What is claimed is:

1. A multi-functional radio frequency directed energy (RFDE) system, comprising: an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna for directing high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target; a targeting system for locating the target, the targeting system including a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target; and an antenna pointing system for aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system, wherein at least a portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna is integrated within at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna to provide simultaneous transmission of the high power electromagnetic energy and the electromagnetic energy to locate the target.

2. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 1, wherein the at least one radar antenna is embodied at least partially within the at least one RFDE antenna.

3. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 1, wherein the radar transmitter is embodied at least partially within the RFDE transmitter.

4. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 3, wherein the radar transmitter and the RFDE transmitter comprise a common RF power amplifier.

5. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 4, wherein the electromagnetic energy for locating the target is at a first frequency, and the high power electromagnetic energy is at a second frequency different from the first.

6. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 1, wherein the at least one radar antenna functions to transmit the electromagnetic energy for locating the target, and the at least one radar antenna is embodied at least partially in the at least one RFDE antenna.

7. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 6, wherein the at least one radar antenna includes a first radar antenna that functions to transmit the electromagnetic energy for locating the target and to transmit the high power electromagnetic energy, and a second radar antenna that functions to receive the electromagnetic energy reflected from the target in order to locate the target.

8. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 7, wherein the first radar antenna comprises a multi-element phased array.

9. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 6, wherein the at least one radar antenna that functions to transmit the electromagnetic energy for locating the target also functions to receive the electromagnetic energy reflected from the target in order to locate the target.

10. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 9, wherein the at least one radar antenna comprises a dual-polarized antenna.

11. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 1, wherein the system comprises a beam combiner for combining the high power electromagnetic energy with the electromagnetic energy for locating the target in a path between the RFDE transmitter and the RFDE antenna.

12. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 1, wherein the system is configured for operation in a mobile vehicle.

13. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 12, wherein the mobile vehicle is a wheeled-vehicle.

14. The multi-functional RFDE system of claim 12, wherein the mobile vehicle is an aircraft.

15. A method of operating a multi-functional radio frequency directed energy (RFDE) system, comprising the steps of: utilizing an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna to direct high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target; utilizing a targeting system to locate the target, the targeting system including a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target; aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system; and integrating at least a portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna within at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna to provide simultaneous transmission of the high power electromagnetic energy and the electromagnetic energy to locate the target.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the at least one radar antenna is embodied at least partially within the at least one RFDE antenna.

17. The method of claim 15, wherein the radar transmitter is embodied at least partially within the RFDE transmitter.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the radar transmitter and the RFDE transmitter comprise a common RF power amplifier.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the electromagnetic energy for locating the target is at a first frequency, and the high power electromagnetic energy is at a second frequency different from the first.

20. The method of claim 15, wherein the at least one radar antenna functions to transmit the electromagnetic energy for locating the target, and the at least one radar antenna is embodied at least partially in the at least one RFDE antenna.

21. A multi-functional radio frequency directed energy (RFDE) system, comprising: an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna for directing high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target; a targeting system for locating the target, the targeting system including a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target; and an antenna pointing system for aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system, wherein at least a portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna is integrated within at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna and the high power electromagnetic energy is used as the electromagnetic energy to locate the target.

22. A method of operating a multi-functional radio frequency directed energy (RFDE) system, comprising the steps of: utilizing an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna to direct high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target; utilizing a targeting system to locate the target, the targeting system including a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target; aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system; and integrating at least a portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna within at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna, wherein the high power electromagnetic energy is used as the electromagnetic energy to locate the target.
Description



TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates generally to radio frequency directed energy (RFDE) systems, and more particularly to multifunctional type RFDE systems.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Radio frequency directed energy (RFDE) systems are known in the art for directing high power RF, microwave and/or millimeter wave electromagnetic energy to destroy or disrupt a target. Although RFDE systems typically serve as military weapons, RFDE systems need not be limited to weapon systems. For example, RFDE systems of the present invention may be used for non-military purposes such as destroying or disrupting foreign objects, contaminants, undesirable atmospheric conditions, or other types of targets.

As for weapon systems, it is important to distinguish between an RFDE weapon system and an electronic warfare system. A primary difference between an RFDE weapon and an electronic warfare system is power and kill mode. An electronic warfare system makes use of a priori knowledge of a target it is designed to jam or disrupt. An electronic warfare system uses such a priori knowledge of a target's characteristics (e.g., frequency of operation, method of operation, etc.) to disrupt or confuse the target with "finesse", or a relatively low amount of power.

On the other hand, an RFDE weapon system can go after a broad range of targets (electronics, biological, ordinance, structures, etc.) due to its relatively large radiated power. A priori knowledge of the intended target characteristics is typically not required because the RFDE weapon either burns-out or overwhelms its target by the shear amount of power it radiates.

An ongoing problem with RFDE systems is targeting--accurately pointing the RF directed energy beam at the intended target and establishing an accurate range from the system to the target. To date, the RFDE system targeting problem has been addressed by using what may be referred to as auxiliary add-on systems. These add-on systems could include a stand-alone radar system, a stand-alone laser range finder, stand-alone optical or infrared imaging system, etc. However, these add-on systems add significant cost to the RFDE system. In addition, these add-on systems add significant complexity by requiring calibration of the alignment between the RFDE system and the stand-alone targeting system.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a typical RFDE system 10. In its simplest form, the system 10 includes a high power transmitter 12 transmitting thru a high power antenna 14. The transmitter 12 operates at RF, microwave or millimeter wave frequencies. The system 10 operates based on a prime power source 16, such as an AC mains, generator, high capacity battery system, etc. A power conditioning block 18 conditions power delivered from the power source 16 so as to be suitable for powering the transmitter 12. A cooling system 20 provides appropriate cooling to the power conditioning block 18 and the high power transmitter 12 as needed. A control block 22 provides appropriate control among the various sub-systems.

The RFDE weapon system 10 further includes an antenna pointing system 24 for aiming the high power antenna 14, and thus the high power electromagnetic energy beam transmitted therefrom, at the target. The pointing system 24 typically is driven by coordinate data identifying the direction and range of the intended target. Such coordinate data is provided by a stand-alone targeting system 26. As is noted above, the targeting system 26 is an add-on often in the form of a stand-alone radar system, a stand-alone laser range finder, stand-alone optical or infrared imaging system, etc. As is also noted above, however, these add-on systems add significantly to the cost and complexity of the RFDE system.

In view of the aforementioned shortcomings associated with conventional RFDE systems, there is a strong need in the art for an RFDE system which is not subject to the cost and complexity associated with conventional targeting systems.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The RFDE system of the present invention eliminates the need for a separate, stand-alone targeting system by integrating a targeting system within the RFDE system itself. The RFDE system is multi-functional in that all or part of the RFDE system hardware that functions to direct high power electromagnetic energy also functions to obtain and provide targeting information to aim the high power electromagnetic energy beam. For example, the RFDE transmitter is not only used as the source of the directed electromagnetic energy, but is also used as a radar transmitter for targeting an object. A relatively simple radar receiver may then be added to the RFDE system. The cost of the overall system is substantially reduced since an expensive radar transmitter is not required.

Moreover, the complexity of the system is reduced as calibration of the alignment between the RFDE system and a stand-alone targeting system becomes unnecessary.

According to one aspect of the invention, a multi-functional RFDE system is provided. The RFDE system includes an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna. The RFDE transmitter and antenna direct high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target. The RFDE system further includes a targeting system for locating the target. The targeting system includes a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target. The RFDE system also includes an antenna pointing system for aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system. Moreover, at least a portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna is integrated within at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna.

According to another aspect of the invention, a method is provided operating an RFDE system. The method includes the steps of utilizing an RFDE transmitter and at least one RFDE antenna to direct high power electromagnetic energy towards a target sufficient to cause high energy damage or disruption of the target; utilizing a targeting system to locate the target, the targeting system including a radar transmitter and at least one radar antenna for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic energy to locate the target; aiming the at least one RFDE antenna at the target based on the location of the target as ascertained by the targeting system; and integrating at least at portion of the radar transmitter or the at least one radar antenna within, at least a portion of the RFDE transmitter or the at least one RFDE antenna.

To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related; ends, the invention, then, comprises the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims. The following description and the annexed drawings set forth in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the invention. These embodiments are indicative, however, of but a few of the various ways in which the principles of the invention may be employed. Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become apparent from the following detailed description of the invention when considered in conjunction with the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a conventional RFDE system;

FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a multi-functional RFDE system in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a block diagram of a multi-functional RFDE system in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a multi-functional RFDE system in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a block diagram of a multi-functional RFDE system in accordance with a fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 6 is a block diagram of a multi-functional RFDE system in accordance with a fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 illustrates a multi-functional RFDE system mounted within an aircraft in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 illustrates a multi-functional RFDE system mounted within a wheeled vehicle in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a multi-functional RFDE system incorporating a reflector-type antenna in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention will now be described with reference to the drawings, in which like reference numerals are provided to refer to like elements throughout.

The RFDE system of the present invention integrates a targeting system, such as a radar targeting, system, into an otherwise conventional RFDE system. There are several ways that the targeting system can be integrated into the RFDE system as explained herein. The particular embodiments described below are meant to be merely exemplary. The present invention contemplates not only the particular embodiments described herein, but any system in which a targeting system is integrated in part or in whole within the RFDE system.

Referring to FIG. 2, an RFDE system 30 is shown in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention. Since many of the elements of the RFDE system 30 in FIG. 3 are similar to those in the conventional system 10 discussed above with respect to FIG. 1, only the relevant differences with be discussed herein for sake of brevity. In this particular embodiment, a portion of an otherwise conventional RFDE system (notably the high power transmitter 12 and/or the transmit antenna 14) forms part of the targeting system. Specifically, during a targeting mode, the high power RFDE transmitter 12 is controlled by the control block 22 to transmit standard radar tracking signals thru the antenna 14. The radar tracking signals may be any type of conventional radar signal such a pulse or continuous wave radar. The power level of the tracking signals may be a high powered signal, such as the RFDE signal itself, or a relatively low powered signal as more typical in radar tracking applications.

In the embodiment of FIG. 2, a separate radar receiver 32 and radar receive antenna 34 are used in conjunction with the integrated RFDE/radar transmitter 12. In one embodiment, the RFDE high power output beam intended to destroy or disturb a target is transmitted using the RFDE/radar transmitter 12 and antenna 14. The radar receive antenna 34 receives portions of the RFDE output beam reflected by the target back towards the system 30. The radar receiver 32 processes the reflected return signals using conventional techniques in order to identify the location of the target. For example, the radar receiver 32 can be coherently linked to the transmitted RFDE output waveform (represented by line 36) so that Doppler processing can be achieved and the direction and range of the target identified.

The radar receiver 32 provides the target location information to an integrated targeting system block 38 which feeds the location information to the antenna pointing system 24. Such operation allows the antenna 14 to be directed in both search and track radar functions.

As will be appreciated, the RFDE system 30 in FIG. 2, as with the various other embodiments of the invention described herein, can operate in both an RFDE mode and a tracking mode. Both modes may be carried out simultaneously as described above, for example, where the high power electromagnetic energy output waveform of the RFDE system also serves as the radar tracking system transmit signal. Alternatively, the RFDE system 30 may switch between the RFDE mode and the tracking mode using a separate RFDE high power beam and lower power radar transmit signals, respectively. So long as the system 30 switches between the two modes rapidly enough so as not to lose track of the target, operation between RFDE mode and tracking mode may be time-division multiplexed.

Typically the radar transmitter is one of the most expensive portions of a radar tracking system. Therefore, by using the RFDE transmitter 12 and antenna 14 to function as the radar transmitter and antenna for targeting, the cost of the targeting system can be drastically reduced. Also, using the radar return of the RFDE high power beam itself to determine the target location can substantially improve the beam pointing accuracy of the RFDE system 30. By using the RFDE high power beam to determine the location of the target, the power density on target will be maximized when standard radar tracking techniques are employed (e.g., monopulse, continuous scan, etc.).

Those of ordinary skill will appreciate that the RFDE transmitter 12 can be any transmitter suitable for transmitting an RFDE high power beam. For example, the RFDE transmitter 12 may be a single or multiple tube source, or solid state source. Moreover, it will be appreciated that the antenna 14 can be any type of suitable high power antenna which can be mechanically and/or electronically pointed and scanned via the antenna pointing system 24. The transmitter/antenna can also be comprised of an active electronically steered array (AESA), for example, where an array of high power amplifiers/antennas is utilized. The radar receive antennas 34 can be any type of suitable antenna for receiving the radar return signals. As with the antenna 14, the radar receive antenna 34 is mechanically and/or electronically pointed and scanned via the antenna pointing system 24. The antenna pointing system 24 can be a mechanical gimbal or a beam steering computer controlling phase shifters in an electronically steerable array.

FIG. 3 illustrates another embodiment representing how a tracking system can be integrated with an RFDE system. The embodiment of FIG. 3, as with the other embodiments described herein, shares many of the same elements as FIG. 2, and thus again only the relevant differences between the embodiments will be discussed for sake of brevity.

Specifically, FIG. 3 illustrates an RFDE system 40 in which the power amplifier of the tracking system is integrated within the power amplifier of the RFDE system. More particularly, the RFDE transmitter 12 includes a low power RFDE signal source 42 operating at a first frequency and input to an adder 44. The output of the adder 44 is input to a power amplifier 46 which amplifies the output before being radiated by the transmit antenna 14. A low power radar signal source 48 at a second frequency is also input to the adder 44. In addition, the low power radar signal source 48 is input to the radar receiver 32 to provide for coherent processing. The adder 44 thus outputs the combined RFDE signal source and radar signal source to the power amplifier 46. The power amplifier 46 can be any suitable type of amplifier including, for example, an injection locked magnetron, a klystron, a solid-state amplifier, etc., or an array of any of these types of amplifiers in an AESA embodiment.

In the embodiment of FIG. 3, a separate low power radar signal from the signal source 48 is used. This signal is combined with the RFDE signal from the RFDE signal source 42 prior to the combined signal being amplified by the power amplifier 46. The frequencies of the RFDE signal and the radar signal do not have to be at the same frequency. In fact, they can be completely independent of each other within the bandwidth constraints of the power amplifier 46 and the RFDE transmit antenna 14. It will be appreciated that significant isolation can be achieved between the RFDE and radar signals by filtering out the RFDE signal at the receive antenna 34 and/or radar receiver 32.

Again, it will be appreciated that the RFDE system 40 of FIG. 3 may operate in an RFDE mode and a targeting mode. As in the other embodiments described herein, such modes may be carried out simultaneously or in time-multiplexed fashion. In the case where the RFDE signal source 42 and radar signal source 48 are different, one may consider such operation as frequency-multiplexed as will be appreciated.

FIG. 4 illustrates yet another embodiment of the present invention. In this embodiment, the RFDE system 50 integrates the radar receive antenna into the same antenna 14 serving as the RFDE and radar transmit antenna. This is accomplished by means of a high power circulator 52 which routes the RFDE/radar transmit signals from the shared transmitter 12 through to the antenna 14. Reflected signals received by the antenna are routed by the circulator 52 to the receiver 32 for processing. In this example, as in the others discussed herein, the RFDE transmit signal may also be the radar transmit signal. The return signal is received by the same antenna 14 and coupled through the circulator 52 to the receiver 32. The radar system thus can provide target information feedback to the antenna pointing system 24.

The high power circulator 52 can be problematic in that it can be difficult to design a circulator that can handle the typical total power radiated by an RFDE system. Nevertheless, with improvements in materials and technologies such a circulator may someday be commercially feasible. Furthermore, the embodiment of FIG. 4 certainly is very suitable for an AESA system where the output power is broken-up among an array of transmit elements as discussed in more detail below.

In some integrated RFDE/targeting applications it may be desirable only to share the antenna between the RFDE and targeting systems. The RFDE system and the targeting system otherwise operate independently. An example of such an embodiment is shown in FIG. 5.

Specifically, the embodiment of FIG. 5 illustrates a radar system 32' which functions essentially independently of the RFDE system 60 with the exception of sharing a dual polarized antenna 14. The RFDE system transmits the RFDE high power beam from the transmitter 12 via the dual polarized antenna 14 using one polarization (e.g., vertical, right hand circular, etc.). The radar system 32', with its own transmitter/receiver, transmits the radar transmit signal via the antenna 14 using the orthogonal polarization (e.g., horizontal, left hand circular, etc.). The reflected radar return signal received by the antenna 14 is processed by the radar system 32' to provide target location information, again using conventional techniques. As in the other embodiments, the location information is provided to the integrated targeting system 38 which provides the information to the antenna pointing system 24. The embodiment of FIG. 5 can be used to provide tracking information and/or is especially suitable for providing range information for the RFDE system.

FIG. 6 illustrates an embodiment in which AESAs or phased array antennas may be incorporated within the present invention. The embodiment of FIG. 6 is fundamentally the same as the embodiment of FIG. 3, with the exception that the power amplifier 46 is represented by an array of power amplifiers 46' included with the RFDE/radar transmit AESA antenna 14. The radar receive antenna 34 may similarly comprise an AESA antenna.

As is shown in FIG. 6, the combined signal from the adder 44 is input to a power splitter 72 within the AESA antenna 14. The power splitter 72 separates the signal and provides the split signal to respective phase shifters 74 and power amplifiers 46' corresponding to respective radiator elements 14' in the antenna 14. The antenna pointing system 24 may steer the antenna 14 by adjusting the phase of the phase shifters 74, as will be appreciated.

Continuing to refer to FIG. 6, it will further be appreciated that the radar source 48 and RFDE source 42 can be at different frequencies and still radiate in the same direction. As long as the phase shifters 74 are selected to provide a true time delay (which is fairly common in the art), the antenna 14 may be steered concurrently for both frequencies.

A multifunctional RFDE system of the present invention can be employed on a variety of platforms. For example, FIG. 7 illustrates an embodiment in which the system is employed on an aircraft. The combined RFDE/radar transmitter 12 and antenna 14 (not shown), for example, are mounted to radiate out the side of the aircraft. A pod is then mounted beneath the aircraft, containing the radar receiver 32 and receive antenna 34 (also not shown).

FIG. 8 shows an embodiment in which the RFDE system of the present invention can be employed on a wheeled vehicle. For example, the RFDE and radar systems are mounted in the back of the vehicle and share a common antenna. One possible such system 80 is shown in FIG. 9. A high power RFDE source 12 radiates into a beam transport system comprised of mirrors (e.g., 82) suitable for the frequency of operation. A cross-polarized radar transmit signal from the radar system 32' is then injected into the RFDE beam path by means of a beam combiner/splitter 84. The RFDE and radar transmit signal are then simultaneously transmitted from the common antenna 14, in this embodiment a reflector-type antenna. The radar return signal is received by the antenna 14 and directed back to the cross-polarized radar system 32' via the mirrors 82 and beam combiner/splitter 84.

Although the invention has been shown and described with respect to certain preferred embodiments, it is obvious that equivalents and modifications will occur to others skilled in the art upon the reading and understanding of the specification. For example, although the present invention has been described primarily in the context of a conventional radar based targeting system, other types of radar-like targeting systems which rely on the transmission and return of electromagnetic energy (e.g., laser-based, infrared, etc.) can also be used without departing from the scope of the invention.

The present invention includes all such equivalents and modifications, and is limited only by the scope of the following claims.

* * * * *

6,470,214



  1. US Air Force patent RF Hearing Effect, capability for beaming sound into the heads of humans/animals


voice to skull is a based on the technology documented in this patent, and is a weapon that many thousands of victims report being used on them by rogue police, NSA, CIA, FBI, and military personnel. The weapon is used to harass, torment, torture, set up, and abuse.

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from US Patent and Trade Mark Office: us_air_force_patent_voice_to_skull_weapon_6470214.pdf

Diagrams (click for full size):
Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 1 Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 2 Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 3 Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 4

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 6,470,214
O'Loughlin ,   et al. October 22, 2002

Method and device for implementing the radio frequency hearing effect

Abstract

A modulation process with a fully suppressed carrier and input preprocessor filtering to produce an encoded output; for amplitude modulation (AM) and audio speech preprocessor filtering, intelligible subjective sound is produced when the encoded signal is demodulated using the RF Hearing Effect. Suitable forms of carrier suppressed modulation include single sideband (SSB) and carrier suppressed amplitude modulation (CSAM), with both sidebands present.


Inventors: O'Loughlin; James P. (Placitas, NM), Loree; Diana L. (Albuquerque, NM)
Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air (
(Washington, DC)
Family ID: 25077203
Appl. No.: 08/766,687
Filed: December 13, 1996

Current U.S. Class: 607/56 ; 128/898
Current International Class: A61N 1/08 (20060101); H04B 007/00 ()
Current CPC Class: A61N 1/08 (20130101)
Field of Search: 607/55,56 600/559,23,586 128/897,898

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
3563246 February 1971 Puharick
3629521 December 1971 Puharick
4835791 May 1989 Daoud
Primary Examiner: Schaetzle; Kennedy
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Skorich; James M. Callahan; Kenneth E.

Government Interests



STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST

The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalty thereon.
Claims



What is claimed is:

1. A method of encoding an input audio signal a(t) to produce a double sideband output signal having a .omega..sub.c carrier frequency, which when transmitted to the head of a receiving subject, will by the radio frequency hearing effect induce a thermal-acoustic signal in the bone/tissue material of the head that replicates the input audio signal and is conducted by the bone/tissue structure of the head to the inner ear where it is demodulated by the normal processes of the cochlea and converted to nerve signals which are sent to the brain, thereby enabling intelligible speech to be perceived by the brain as any other nerve signal from the cochlea, the method comprising: applying an input audio signal a(t) to an audio pre-distortion filter with an As(f) filter function to produce a first output signal a(t)As(f); adding a very low frequency bias A to the first output signal to produce a second output signal a(t)As(f)+A; applying the second output signal to a square root processor to produce a third output signal (a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2 ; applying the third output signal to a balanced modulator to produce a double sideband output signal (a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2 sin(.omega..sub.c t), where .omega..sub.c is the carrier frequency; and transmitting the double sideband output signal to the head of the receiving subject.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the As(f) filter function step further comprises the step of de-emphasizing the high frequency content.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the further step of suppressing one of the sidebands of the double sideband output signal is done resulting in a single sideband modulation transmission.
Description



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the modulating of signals on carriers, which are transmitted and the signals intelligibly recovered, and more particularly, to the modulation of speech on a carrier and the intelligible recover of the speech by means of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect.

The Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect was first noticed during World War II as a subjective "click" produced by a pulsed radar signal when the transmitted power is above a "threshold" level. Below the threshold level, the click cannot be heard.

The discovery of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect suggested that a pulsed RF carrier could be encoded with an amplitude modulated ("AM") envelope. In one approach to pulsed carrier modulation, it was assumed that the "click" of the pulsed carrier was similar to a data sample and could be used to synthesize both simple and complex tones such as speech. Although pulsed carrier modulation can induce a subjective sensation for simple tones, it severely distorts the complex waveforms of speech, as has been confirmed experimentally.

The presence of this kind of distortion has prevented the click process for the encoding of intelligible speech. An example is provided by AM sampled data modulation.

Upon demodulation the perceived speech signal has some of the envelope characteristics of an audio signal. Consequently a message can be recognized as speech when a listener is preadvised that speech has been sent. However, if the listener does not know the content of the message, the audio signal is unintelligible.

The attempt to use the click process to encode speech has been based on the assumption that if simple tones can be encoded, speech can be encoded as well, but this is not so.

A simple tone can contain several distortions and still be perceived as a tone whereas the same degree of distortion applied to speech renders it unintelligible.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accomplishing the foregoing and related object the invention uses a. modulation process with a fully suppressed carrier and pre-processor filtering of the input to produce an encoded output. Where amplitude modulation (AM) is employed and the pre-processor filtering is of audio speech input, intelligible subjective sound is produced when the encoded signal is demodulated by means of the RF Hearing Effect. Suitable forms of carrier suppressed modulation include single sideband (SSB) and carrier suppressed amplitude modulation (CSAM), with both sidebands present.

The invention further provides for analysis of the RF hearing phenomena based on an RF to acoustic transducer model. Analysis of the model suggests a new modulation process which permits the RF Hearing Effect to be used following the transmission of encoded speech.

In accordance with one aspect of the invention the preprocessing of an input speech signal takes place with a filter that de-emphasizes the high frequency content of the input speech signal. The de-emphasis can provide a signal reduction of about 40 dB (decibels) per decade. Further processing of the speech signal then takes place by adding a bias level and taking a root of the predistorted waveform. The resultant signal is used to modulated an RF carrier in the AM fully suppressed carrier mode, with single or double sidebands.

The modulated RF signal is demodulated by an RF to acoustic demodulator that produces an intelligible acoustic replication of the original input speech.

The RF Hearing Effect is explained and analyzed as a thermal to acoustic demodulating process. Energy absorption in a medium, such as the head, causes mechanical expansion and contraction, and thus an acoustic signal.

When the expansion and contraction take place in the head of an animal, the acoustic signal is passed by conduction to the inner ear where it is further processed as if it were an acoustic signal from the outer ear.

The RF to Acoustic Demodulator thus has characteristics which permit the conversion of the RF energy input to an acoustic output.

Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a novel technique for the intelligible encoding of signals. A related object is to provide for the intelligible encoding of speech.

Another object of the invention is to make use of the Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect in the intelligible demodulation of encoded signals, including speech.

Still another object of the invention is to suitably encode a pulsed RF carrier with an amplitude modulated ("AM") envelope such that the modulation will be intelligibly demodulated by means of the RF Hearing Effect. A related object is to permit a message to be identified and understood as speech when a listener does not know beforehand that the message is speech.

Other aspects of the invention will become apparent after considering several illustrative embodiments, taken in conjunction with the drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram model of RF to Acoustic Demodulation Process making use of the Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect;

FIG. 2 is a spherical demodulator and radiator having a specific acoustic impedance for demodulation using the RF Hearing Effect;

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating the overall process and constituents of the invention; and

FIG. 4 is an illustrative circuit and wiring diagram for the components of FIG. 3.

DETAINED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

With reference to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates the RF to acoustic demodulation process of the invention. Ordinarily and acoustic signal A reaches the outer ear E of the head H and traverses first to the inner ear I and then to the acoustic receptors of the brain B. A modulated RF signal, however, enters a demodulator D, which is illustratively provided by the mass M of the brain, and is approximated, as shown in FIG. 2, by a sphere S of radius r in the head H. The radius r of the sphere S is about 7 cm to make the sphere S equivalent to about the volume of the brain B. It will be appreciated that where the demodulator D, which can be an external component, is not employed with the acoustic receptors of the brain B, it can have other forms.

The sphere S, or its equivalent ellipsoid or similar solid, absorbs RF power which causes an increase in temperature that in turn causes an expansion and contraction which results in an acoustic wave. As a first approximation, it is assumed that the RF power is absorbed uniformly in the brain. Where the demodulator D is external to the brain B, the medium and/or RF carrier frequency can be selected to assure sufficiently uniform absorption.

For the modulated RF signal of FIG. 1, the power absorbed in the sphere S is proportional to the power waveform of the modulated RF signal. The absorption rate is characterized quantitatively in terms of the SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) in the units of absorbed watts per kilogram per incident watt per square centimeter.

The temperature of the sphere S is taken as following the integrated heat input from the power waveform, i.e. the process is approximated as being adiabatic, at least for short term intervals on the order of a few minutes.

The radial expansion of the sphere follows temperature and is converted to sound pressure, p(t), determined by the radial velocity (U.sub.r) multiplied by the real part of the specific acoustic impedance (Z.sub.s) of the sphere, as indicated in equation (1), below.

Where: .rho..sub.o =density, 1000 kg/m.sup.3 for water c=speed of sound, 1560 m/s, in water @ 37.degree. C. k=wave number, 2.pi./wavelength r=sphere radius, in meters (m) f=audio frequency f.sub.c =lower cutoff break frequency,=c/(2 .pi.r) j=the 90 degree phase-shift operator.

The specific acoustic impedance for a sphere of 7 cm radius, on the order of the size of the brain, has a lower cut-off break frequency of about 3,547 Hertz (Hz) for the parameters given for equation (1). The essential frequency range of speech is about 300 to 3000 Hz, i.e., below the cut-off frequency. It is therefore the Real part (R.sub.c) of Z.sub.s times the radial particle velocity (U.sub.r) which determines the sound pressure, p(t). The real part of Z.sub.s is given by equation (1a), below:

In the speech spectrum, which is below the brain cut-off frequency, the sphere S is an acoustic filter which "rolls off", i.e. decreases in amplitude at -40 dB per decade with decreasing frequency. In addition to any other demodulation processes to be analyzed below, the filter characteristics of the sphere will modify the acoustic signal with a 40 dB per decade slope in favor of the high frequencies.

Results for an AM Modulated Single Tone

An RF carrier with amplitude A.sub.c at frequency .omega..sub.c is AM modulated 100 percent with a single tone audio signal at frequency .omega..sub.a. The voltage (time) equation of this modulated signal is given by equation (2), below:

The power signal is V(t).sup.2 as given by equation (3), below:

To find the energy absorbed in the sphere, the time integral of equation (3) is taken times the absorption coefficient, K. The result is divided by the specific heat, SH, to obtain the temperature of the sphere and then multiplied by the volume expansion coefficient, Mv to obtain the change in volume. The change in volume is related to the change in radius by equation (4), below:

To obtain the amplitude of the radius change, there is multiplication by the radius and division by three. The rms radial surface velocity, U.sub.r is determined by multiplying the time derivative by r and dividing by 2.sup.1/2. The result, U.sub.r, is proportional to the power function, P(t) in equation (5), below.

The acoustic pressure, p(t), is given in equation (6), below, as the result of multiplying equation (5) by the Real part of the specific acoustic impedance, R.sub.e (1).

The SPL (Sound Pressure Level), in acoustic dB, is approximated as 20 log[p(t)/2E-5]. The standard acoustic reference level of 2E-5 Newtons per square meter is based on a signal in air; however, the head has a water-like consistency. Therefore, the subjective level in acoustic dB is only approximate, but sufficient for first order accuracy.

In a single tone case the incident RF power, P(t), from equation (3) has two terms as shown in equation (7), below, which are in the hearing range.

This is converted to the acoustic pressure wave, p(t), by multiplying by the specific acoustic impedance calculated at the two frequencies. Therefore, the resulting pressure wave as indicated in equation (8), below, becomes

The result is an audio frequency and a second harmonic at about 1/4 amplitude. Thus using an RF carrier, AM modulated by a single tone, the pressure wave audio signal will consist of the audio tone and a second harmonic at about -6 dB, if the specific acoustic impedances at the two frequencies are the same. However, from equation (1) the break frequency of a model 7 cm sphere is 3.547 Hz. Most of the speech spectrum is below this frequency therefore the specific acoustic impedance is reactive and the real component is given by equation (8a), below:

Below the cutoff frequency the real part of the impedance varies as the square of the frequency or gives a boost of 40 dB per decade. Therefore, if the input modulation signal is 1 kHz, the second harmonic will have a boost of about 4 time in amplitude, or 12 dB, due to the variation of the real part of the specific acoustic impedance with frequency. So the second harmonic pressure term in equation (8) is actually four times the power or 6 dB higher than the fundamental term. If the second harmonic falls above the cutoff frequency then the boost begins to fall back to 0 dB. However, for most of the speech spectrum there is a sever distortion and strong boost of the high frequency distortion components.

Results for Two Tone AM Modulation Analysis

Because of the distortion attending single tone modulation, predistortion of the modulation could be attempted such that the resulting demodulated pressure wave will not contain harmonic distortion. This will not work, however, because of the non-linear cross-products of two-tone modulation are quite different from single tone modulation as shown below.

Nevertheless, two-tone modulation distortion provides an insight for the design of a corrective process for a complex modulation signal such as speech. The nature of the distortion is defined in terms of relative amplitudes and frequencies.

Equation (8a) is that of an AM modulated carrier for the two-tone case where .omega..sub.a1 and .omega..sub.a2 are of equal amplitude and together modulate the carrier to a maximum peak value of 100 percent. The total modulated RF signal is given by equation (8b), below:

The square of (8b) is the power signal, which has the same form as the particle velocity, U.sub.r (t), of equation (9), below.

From the square of (8b) the following frequencies and relative amplitudes are obtained for the particle velocity wave, U.sub.r (t), which are in the audio range;

If the frequencies in equation (9) are below the cut-off frequency, the impedance boost correction will result in a pressure wave with relative amplitudes given in equation (9a), below:

p(t)=C'[sin(.omega..sub.a1 t)+b.sup.2 sin(.omega..sub.a2 t)+(1-b.sup.2)/4 cos((.omega..sub.a1 -.omega..sub.a2)t)+(1+b.sup.2)/4 cos((.omega..sub.a1 +.omega..sub.a2)t)-1/2 cos(2.omega..sub.a1)t)-b.sup.2 /2 cos(2.omega..sub.a2 t) (9a)

where: b=.omega..sub.a2 /.omega..sub.a1 and .omega..sub.a2 >.omega..sub.a1.

Equation (9a) contains a correction factor, b, for the specific acoustic impedance variation with frequency. The first two terms of (9a) are the two tones: of the input modulation with the relative amplitudes modified by the impedance correction factor. The other terms are the distortion cross products which are quite different from the single line distortion case. In addition to the second harmonics, there are sum and difference frequencies. From this two-tone analysis it is obvious that more complex multiple tone modulations, such as speech, will be severely distorted with even more complicated cross-product and sum and difference components. This is not unexpected since the process which creates the distortion is nonlinear. This leads to the conclusion that a simple passive predistortion filter will not work on a speech signal modulated on an RF carrier by a convention AM process, because the distortion is a function of the signal by a nonlinear process.

However, the serious distortion problem can be overcome by means of the invention which exploits the characteristics of a different type of RF modulation process in addition to special signal processing.

AM Modulation with Fully Suppressed Carrier for the Intelligible Encoding of Speech by the Invention for Compatibility with the RF Hearing Phenomena

The equation for AM modulation with a fully suppressed carrier is given by equation (10), below:

This modulation is commonly accomplished in hardware by means of a circuit known as a balanced modulator, as disclosed, for example in "Radio Engineering", Frederick E. Terman, p.481-3, McGraw-Hill, 1947.

The power signal has the same form as the particle velocity signal which is obtained from the square of equation (10) as shown in equation (11), below:

From inspection of equations (10) and (11) it is seen that, if the input audio signal, a(t), is pre-processed by taking the square root and then modulating the carrier, the audio term in the particle velocity equation will be an exact, undistorted, replication of the input audio signal. Since the audio signal from a microphone is bipolar, it must be modified by adding a very low frequency (essential d.c.) bias term, A, such that the resultant sum, [a(t)+A]>0.0, is always positive. This is necessary in order to insure a real square root. The use of a custom digital speech processor implements the addition of the term A, i.e. as shown in equation (10*), below:

The pressure wave is given by equation (11*), below:

When the second term of the pressure wave of equation (11*) is processed through the specific acoustic impedance it will result in the replication of the input audio signal but will be modified by the filter characteristics of the Real part of the specific acoustic impedance, R.sub.e {Z.sub.s (f)}, as given in equation (8a). The first term of equation (11*) is the d.c. bias, which is added to obtain a real square root; it will not be audible or cause distortion. The third and fourth terms of (11*) are a.c. terms at twice the carrier frequency and therefore will not distort or interfere with the audio range signal, a(t).

Since the filter characteristic of equation (7) is a linear process in amplitude, the audio input can be predistorted before the modulation is applied to the carrier and then the pressure or wound wave audio signal, which is the result of the velocity wave times the impedance function, R.sub.e {Z.sub.s (f)}, will be the true replication of the original input audio signal.

A diagram illustrating the overall system 30 and process of the invention is shown in FIG. 3. Then input signal a(t) is applied to an Audio Predistortion Filter 31 with a filter function As(f) to produce a signal a(t)As(f), which is applied to a Square Root Processor 32, providing an output=(a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2, which goes to a balanced modulator 33. The modulation process known as suppressed carrier, produces a double sideband output=(a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2 sin(.omega..sub.c t), where .omega..sub.c is the carrier frequency. If one of the sidebands and the carrier are suppressed (not shown) the result is single sideband (SSB) modulation and will function in the same manner discussed above for the purposes of implementing the invention. However, the AM double sideband suppressed carrier as described is more easily implemented.

The output of the balanced modulator is applied to a spherical demodulator 34, which recovers the input signal a(t) that is applied to the inner ear 35 and then to the acoustic receptors in the brain 36.

The various components 31-33 of FIG. 3 are easily implemented as shown, for example by the corresponding components 41-42 in FIG. 4, where the Filter 41 can take the form of a low pass filter, such as a constant-K filter formed by series inductor L and a shunt capacitor C. Other low-pass filters are shown, for example, in the ITT Federal Handbook, 4th Ed., 1949. As a result the filter output is AS(f) a 1/f.sup.2. The Root Processor 42 can be implemented by any square-law device, such as the diode D biased by a battery B and in series with a large impedance (resistance) R, so that the voltage developed across the diode D is proportional to the square root of the input voltage a(t)As(f). The balanced modulator 43, as discussed in Terman, op.cit., has symmetrical diodes A1 and A2 with the modulating voltage M applied in opposite phase to the diodes A1 and A2 through an input transformer T1, with the carrier, O, applied commonly to the diodes in the same phase, while the modulating signal is applied to the diodes in opposite phase so that the carrier cancels in the primary of the output transformer T2 and the secondary output is the desired double side band output.

Finally the Spherical Demodulator 45 is the brain as discussed above, or an equivalent mass that provides uniform expansion and contraction due to thermal effects of R.F energy.

The invention provides a new and useful encoding for speech on an RF carrier such that the speech will be intelligible to a human subject by means of the RF hearing demodulation phenomena. Features of the invention include the use of AM fully suppressed carrier modulation, the preprocessing of an input speech signal be a compensation filter to de-emphasize the high frequency content by 40 dB per decade and the further processing of the audio signal by adding a bias terms to permit the taking of the square root of the signal before the AM suppressed carrier modulation process.

The invention may also be implemented using the same audio signal processing and Single Sideband (SSB) modulation in place of AM suppressed carrier modulation. The same signal processing may also be used on Conventional AM modulation containing both sideband and the carrier; however, there is a serious disadvantage. The carrier is always present with AM modulation, even when there is no signal. The carrier power does not contain any information but contributes substantially to the heating of the thermalacoustic demodulator, i.e. the brain, which is undesirable. The degree of this extraneous heating is more than twice the heating caused by the signal or information power in the RF signal. Therefore conventional AM modulation is an inefficient and poor choice compared to the double side-band suppressed carrier and the SSB types of transmissions.

The invention further may be implemented using various degrees of speech compression commonly used with all types of AM modulation. Speech compression is implemented by raising the level of the low amplitude portions of the speech waveform and limiting or compressing the high peak amplitudes of the speech waveform. Speech compression increases the average power content of the waveform and thus loudness. Speech compression introduces some distortion, so that a balance must be made between the increase in distortion and the increase in loudness to obtain the optimum result.

Another implementation is by digital signal processing of the input signal through to the modulation of the RF carrier.

* * * * *


6,587,729



  1. US Air Force patent for voice to skull/v2k, capability for beaming voices into the heads of humans/animals


US Patent 6587729 is owned by the US Air Force, and builds on the RF Hearing Effect patent (US 6470214) which is also owned by them. This invention is specifically designed to target humans for transmitting speech. It has been designed so as not to over heat the brain of targets, but I don't think it protects people very well. An undocumented effect of this, is beaming sound and causing contraction/expansion in a persons body, so as to move or effect a persons tissue, bones, or nerves during directed energy/microwave exposure.

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from the US Patent and Trade Mark Office: us_air_force_patent_voice_to_skull_weapon_6587729.pdf

Diagrams from patent filing (click for full size):
Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 1 Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 2 Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 3 Voice to Skull Weapon Patent Diagram 4

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 6,587,729
O'Loughlin ,   et al. July 1, 2003

Apparatus for audibly communicating speech using the radio frequency hearing effect

Abstract

A modulation process with a fully suppressed carrier and input preprocessor filtering to produce an encoded output; for amplitude modulation (AM) and audio speech preprocessor filtering, intelligible subjective sound is produced when the encoded signal is demodulated using the RF Hearing Effect. Suitable forms of carrier suppressed modulation include single sideband (SSB) and carrier suppressed amplitude modulation (CSAM), with both sidebands present.


Inventors: O'Loughlin; James P. (Placitas, NM), Loree; Diana L. (Albuquerque, NM)
Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force (Washington, DC)
Family ID: 25077203
Appl. No.: 10/131,626
Filed: April 24, 2002

Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent NumberIssue Date
766687Dec 13, 19966470214

Current U.S. Class: 607/55 ; 128/897; 332/167; 381/151; 600/586
Current CPC Class: A61N 1/08 (20130101)
Current International Class: A61N 1/08 (20060101); H03C 001/54 ()
Field of Search: ;332/167 ;381/151 ;607/56,55 ;340/384.1 ;600/559,23,586 ;128/897,898

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
3563246 February 1971 Puharich et al.
3629521 December 1971 Puharich et al.
4835791 May 1989 Daoud
5450044 September 1995 Hulick
Primary Examiner: Schaetzle; Kennedy
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Skorich; James M.

Government Interests



The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalty thereon.
Parent Case Text



This application is a division of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/766,687 filed on Dec. 13, 1996, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,470,214, and claims the benefit of the foregoing filing date.
Claims



What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus for communicating an audio signal a(t), comprising: an audio predistortion filter having a filter function As(f) for producing a first output signal a(t)As(t) from the audio signal a(t); means for adding a bias A to the first output signal, to produce a second output signal a(t)As(f)+A; a square root processor for producing a third output signal (a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2 responsive to the second output signal; and a modulator for producing a double sideband output signal responsive to the third output signal, having a carrier frequency of .omega..sub.c, and being mathematically described by (a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2 sin(.omega..sub.c t); and transmitting the double sideband output signal to a demodulator, whereby the audio signal a(t) is recovered from the double sideband output signal.

2. The communication apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein: the double sideband output signal has RF power; and the demodulator is for converting the RF power into acoustic pressure waves.

3. The communication apparatus defined in claim 2 wherein: the demodulator converts the RF power into the acoustic pressure waves by means of thermal expansion and contraction, whereby the acoustic pressure waves approximate the audio signal a(t).

4. The communication apparatus defined in claim 2 wherein the demodulator includes a mass that expands and contracts responsive to the RE power of the double sideband output signal.

5. The communication apparatus defined in claim 4 wherein the mass is approximately spherical.

6. The communication apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein: the double sideband output signal is comprised of a first sideband component and a second sideband component; and means for suppressing the second sideband component, whereby the demodulator recovers the audio signal a(t) solely from the first sideband component.

7. The communication apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein the audio predistortion filter is a low-pass filter.

8. The communication apparatus defined in claim 7 wherein the audio predistortion filter is a digital processor.

9. The communication apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein: the square root processor is a diode biased by a voltage source, in series with a resistance, whereby a voltage across the diode is proportional to a square root of the second output signal a(t)As(t)+A.

10. The communication apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein the modulator is a balanced modulator.

11. The communication apparatus defined in claim 1 wherein: the audio signal a(t) includes a high frequency component; and the audio predistortion filter de-emphasizes the high frequency component by approximately 40 dB per decade.
Description



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to the modulating of signals on carriers, which are transmitted and the signals intelligibly recovered, and more particularly, to the modulation of speech on a carrier and the intelligible recover of the speech by means of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect.

The Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect was first noticed during World War II as a subjective "click" produced by a pulsed radar signal when the transmitted power is above a "threshold" level. Below the threshold level, the click cannot be heard.

The discovery of the Radio Frequency Hearing Effect suggested that a pulsed RF carrier could be encoded with an amplitude modulated ("AM") envelope. In one approach to pulsed carrier modulation, it was assumed that the "click" of the pulsed carrier was similar to a data sample and could be used to synthesize both simple and complex tones such as speech. Although pulsed carrier modulation can induce a subjective sensation for simple tones, it severely distorts the complex waveforms of speech, as has been confirmed experimentally.

The presence of this kind of distortion has prevented the click process for the encoding of intelligible speech. An example is provided by AM sampled data modulation

Upon demodulation the perceived speech signal has some of the envelope characteristics of an audio signal. Consequently a message can be recognized as speech when a listener is pre-advised that speech has been sent. However, if the listener does not know the content of the message, the audio signal is unintelligible.

The attempt to use the click process to encode speech has been based on the assumption that if simple tones can be encoded, speech can be encoded as well, but this is not so. A simple tone can contain several distortions and still be perceived as a tone whereas the same degree of distortion applied to speech renders it unintelligible.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accomplishing the foregoing and related object the invention uses a modulation process with a fully suppressed carrier and pre-processor filtering of the input to produce an encoded output. Where amplitude modulation (AM) is employed and the pre-processor filtering is of audio speech input, intelligible subjective sound is produced when the encoded signal is demodulated by means of the RF Hearing Effect. Suitable forms of carrier suppressed modulation include single sideband (SSB) and carrier suppressed amplitude modulation (CSAM), with both sidebands present.

The invention further provides for analysis of the RE hearing phenomena based on an RF to acoustic transducer model. Analysis of the model suggests a new modulation process which permits the RF Hearing Effect to be used following the transmission of encoded speech.

In accordance with one aspect of the invention the preprocessing of an input speech signal takes place with a filter that de-emphasizes the high frequency content of the input speech signal. The de-emphasis can provide a signal reduction of about 40 dB (decibels) per decade. Further processing of the speech signal then takes place by adding a bias level and taking a root of the predistorted waveform. The resultant signal is used to modulated an RF carrier in the AM fully suppressed carrier mode, with single or double sidebands.

The modulated RF signal is demodulated by an RF to acoustic demodulator that produces an intelligible acoustic replication of the original input speech.

The RF Hearing Effect is explained and analyzed as a thermal to acoustic demodulating process. Energy absorption in a medium, such as the head, causes mechanical expansion and contraction, and thus an acoustic signal.

When the expansion and contraction take place in the head of an animal, the acoustic signal is passed by conduction to the inner ear where it is further processed as if it were an acoustic signal from the outer ear.

The RF to Acoustic Demodulator thus has characteristics which permit the conversion of the RF energy input to an acoustic output.

Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a novel technique for the intelligible encoding of signals. A related object is to provide for the intelligible encoding of speech.

Another object of the invention is to make use of the Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect in the intelligible demodulation of encoded signals, including speech.

Still another object of the invention is to suitably encode a pulsed RF carrier with an amplitude modulated ("AM") envelope such that the modulation will be intelligibly demodulated by means of the RF Hearing Effect. A related object is to permit a message to be identified and understood as speech when a listener does not know beforehand that the message is speech.

Other aspects of the invention will be come apparent after considering several illustrative embodiments, taken in conjunction with the drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram model of RF to Acoustic Demodulation Process making use of the Radio Frequency ("RF") Hearing Effect;

FIG. 2 is a spherical demodulator and radiator having a specific acoustic impedance for demodulation using the RF Hearing Effect;

FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating the overall process and constituents of the invention; and

FIG. 4 is an illustrative circuit and wiring diagram for the components of FIG. 3.

DETAINED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

With reference to the drawings, FIG. 1 illustrates the RF to acoustic demodulation process of the invention. Ordinarily an acoustic signal A reaches the outer ear E of the head H and traverses first to the inner ear I and then to the acoustic receptors of the brain B. A modulated RF signal, however, enters a demodulator D, which is illustratively provided by the mass M of the brain, and is approximated, as shown in FIG. 2, by a sphere S of radius r in the head H. The radius r of the sphere S is about 7 cm to make the sphere S equivalent to about the volume of the brain B. It will be appreciated that where the demodulator D, which can be an external component, is not employed with the acoustic receptors of the brain B, it can have other forms.

The sphere S, or its equivalent ellipsoid or similar solid, absorbs RF power which causes an increase in temperature that in turn causes an expansion and contraction which results in an acoustic wave. As a first approximation, it is assumed that the RF power is absorbed uniformly in the brain. Where the demodulator D is external to the brain B, the medium and/or RF carrier frequency can be selected to assure sufficiently uniform absorption.

For the modulated RF signal of FIG. 1, the power absorbed in the sphere S is proportional to the power waveform of the modulated RF signal. The absorption rate is characterized quantitatively in terms of the SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) in the units of absorbed watts per kilogram per incident watt per square centimeter.

The temperature of the sphere S is taken as following the integrated heat input from the power waveform, i.e. the process is approximated as being adiabatic, at least for short term intervals on the order of a few minutes.

The radial expansion of the sphere follows temperature and is converted to sound pressure, p(t), determined by the radial velocity (U.sub.r) multiplied by the real part of the specific acoustic impedance (Z.sub.s) of the sphere, as indicated in equation (1), below.

Where: .rho..sub.o =density, 1000 kg/m.sup.3 for water c=speed of sound, 1560 m/s, in water @ 37.degree. C. k=wave number, 2.pi./wavelength r=sphere radius, in meters (m) f=audio frequency f.sub.c =lower cutoff break frequency,=c/(2.pi.r) j=the 90 degree phase-shift operator

The specific acoustic impedance for a sphere of 7 cm radius, on the order of the size of the brain, has a lower cut-off break frequency of about 3,547 Hertz (Hz) for the parameters given for equation (1). The essential frequency range of speech is about 300 to 3000 Hz, i.e., below the cut-off frequency. It is therefore the Real part (R.sub.e) of Z.sub.s times the radial particle velocity (U.sub.r) which determines the sound pressure, p(t). The real part of Z.sub.s is given by equation (1a), below:

In the speech spectrum, which is below the brain cut-off frequency, the sphere S is an acoustic filter which "rolls off", i.e. decreases in amplitude at -40 dB per decade with decreasing frequency. In addition to any other demodulation processes to be analyzed below, the filter characteristics of the sphere will modify the acoustic signal with a 40 dB per decade slope in favor of the high frequencies.

Results for an AM Modulated Single Tone

An RF carrier with amplitude A.sub.c at frequency .omega..sub.c is AM modulated 100 percent with a single tone audio signal at frequency .omega..sub.1. The voltage (time) equation of this modulated signal is given by equation (2), below:

The power signal is V(t).sup.2 as given by equation (3), below:

To find the energy absorbed in the sphere, the time integral of equation (3) is taken times absorption coefficient, K. The result is divided by the specific heat, SH to obtain the temperature of the sphere and then multiplied by the volume expansion coefficient, Mv to obtain the change in volume. The change in volume is related to the change in radius by equation (4), below:

To obtain the amplitude of the radius change, there is multiplication by the radius and division by three. The rms radial surface velocity, U.sub.r is determined by multiplying the time derivative by r and dividing by 2.sup.1/2. The result, U.sub.r, is proportional to the power function, P(t) in equation (5), below.

The acoustic pressure, p(t), is given in equation (6), below, as the result of multiplying equation (5) by the Real part of the specific acoustic impedance, R.sub.e (1).

The SPL (Sound Pressure Level), in acoustic dB, is approximated as 20 log[p(t)/2E-5]. The standard acoustic reference level of 2E-5 Newtons per square meter is based on a signal in air; however, the head has a water-like consistency. Therefore, the subjective level in acoustic dB is only approximate, but sufficient for first order accuracy.

In a single tone case the incident RF power, P(t), from equation (3) has two terms as shown in equation (7), below, which are in the hearing range.

This is converted to the acoustic pressure wave, p(t), by multiplying by the specific acoustic impedance calculated at the two frequencies. Therefore, the resulting pressure wave as indicated in equation (8), below, becomes

The result is an audio frequency and a second harmonic at about 1/4 amplitude. Thus using an RF carrier, AM modulated by a single tone, the pressure wave audio signal will consist of the audio tone and a second harmonic at about -6 dB, if the specific acoustic impedances at the two frequencies are the same. However, from equation (1) the break frequency of a model 7 cm sphere is 3.547 Hz. Most of the speech spectrum is below this frequency therefore the specific acoustic impedance is reactive and the real component is given by equation (8a), below:

Below the cutoff frequency the real part of the impedance varies as the square of the frequency or gives a boost of 40 dB per decade. Therefore, if the input modulation signal is 1 kHz, the second harmonic will have a boost of about 4 time in amplitude, or 12 dB, due to the variation of the real part of the specific acoustic impedance with frequency. So the second harmonic pressure term in equation (8) is actually four times the power or 6 dB higher than the fundamental term. If the second harmonic falls above the cutoff frequency then the boost begins to fall back to 0 dB. However, for most of the speech spectrum there is a sever distortion and strong boost of the high frequency distortion components.

Results for Two Tone AM Modulation Analysis

Because of the distortion attending single tone modulation, predistortion of the modulation could be attempted such that the resulting demodulated pressure wave will not contain harmonic distortion. This will not work, however, because of the non-linear cross-products of two-tone modulation are quite different from single tone modulation as shown below.

Nevertheless, two-tone modulation distortion provides an insight for the design of a corrective process for a complex modulation signal such as speech. The nature of the distortion is defined in terms of relative amplitudes and frequencies.

Equation (8b) is that of an AM modulated carrier for the two-tone case where .omega..sub.a1 and .omega..sub.a2 are of equal amplitude and together modulate the carrier to a maximum peak value of 100 percent. The total modulated RF signal is given by equation (8b), below:

The square of (8b) is the power signal, which has the same form as the particle velocity, U.sub.r (t), of equation (9), below.

From the square of (8b) the following frequencies and relative amplitudes are obtained for the particle velocity wave, U.sub.r (t), which are in the audio range;

If the frequencies in equation (9) are below the cut-off frequency, the impedance boost correction will result in a pressure wave with relative amplitudes given in equation (9a), below:

p(t)=C'[sin(.omega..sub.a1 t)+b.sup.2 sin(.omega..sub.a2 t)+(1-b.sup.2)/4 cos((.omega..sub.a1 -.omega..sub.a2)t)+(1+b.sup.2)/4 cos((.omega..sub.a1 +.omega..sub.a2)t)-1/2 cos(2.omega..sub.a1)t)-b.sup.2 /2 cos(2.omega..sub.a2 t) (9a)

where: b=.omega..sub.a2 /.omega..sub.a1 and .omega..sub.a2 >.omega..sub.a1

Equation (9a) contains a correction factor, b, for the specific acoustic impedance variation with frequency. The first two terms of (9a) are the two tones of the input modulation with the relative amplitudes modified by the impedance correction factor. The other terms are the distortion cross products which are quite different from the single tone distortion case. In addition to the second harmonics, there are sum and difference frequencies. From this two-tone analysis it is obvious that more complex multiple tone modulations, such as speech, will be severely distorted with even more complicated cross-product and sum and difference components. This is not unexpected since the process which creates the distortion is nonlinear. This leads to the conclusion that a simple passive predistortion filter will not work on a speech signal modulated on an RF carrier by a conventional AM process, because the distortion is a function of the signal by a nonlinear process.

However, the serious distortion problem can be overcome by means of the invention which exploits the characteristics of a different type of RF modulation process in addition to special signal processing.

AM Modulation With Fully Suppressed Carrier for the Intelligible Encoding of Speech by the Invention for Compatibility With the RF Hearing Phenomena

The equation for AM modulation with a fully suppressed carrier is given by equation (10), below:

This modulation is commonly accomplished in hardware by means of a circuit known as a balanced modulator, as disclosed, for example in "Radio Engineering", Frederick E. Terman, p.481-3, McGraw-Hill, 1947.

The power signal has the same form as the particle velocity signal which is obtained from the square of equation (10) as shown in equation (11), below:

From inspection of equations (10) and (11) it is seen that, if the input audio signal, a(t), is pre-processed by taking the square root and then modulating the carrier, the audio term in the particle velocity equation will be an exact, undistorted, replication of the input audio signal. Since the audio signal from a microphone is bipolar, it must be modified by adding a very low frequency (essential d.c.) bias term, A, such that the resultant sum, [a(t)+A]>0.0, is always positive. This is necessary in order to insure a real square root. The use of a custom digital speech processor implements the addition of the term A, i.e. as shown in equation (10*), below:

The pressure wave is given by equation (11*), below:

When the second term of the pressure wave of equation (11*) is processed through the specific acoustic impedance it will result in the replication of the input audio signal but will be modified by the filter characteristics of the Real part of the specific acoustic impedance, R.sub.e {Z.sub.s (f)}, as given in equation (8a). The first term of equation (11*) is the d.c. bias, which is added to obtain a real square root; it will not be audible or cause distortion. The third and fourth terms of (11*) are a.c. terms at twice the carrier frequency and therefore will not distort or interfere with the audio range signal, a(t).

Since the filter characteristic of equation (7) is a linear process in amplitude, the audio input can be predistorted before the modulation is applied to the carrier and then the pressure or wound wave audio signal, which is the result of the velocity wave times the impedance function, R.sub.e {Z.sub.s (f)}, will be the true replication of the original input audio signal.

A diagram illustrating the overall system 30 and process of the invention is shown in FIG. 3. Then input signal a(t) is applied to an Audio Predistortion Filter 31 with a filter function As(f) to produce a signal a(t)As(f), which is applied to a Square Root Processor 32, providing an output=(a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2, which goes to a balanced modulator 33. The modulation process known as suppressed carrier, produces a double sideband output=(a(t)As(f)+A).sup.1/2 sin(.omega..sub.c t), where .omega..sub.c is the carrier frequency. If one of the sidebands and the carrier are suppressed (not shown) the result is single sideband (SSB) modulation and will function in the same manner discussed above for the purposes of implementing the invention. However, the AM double sideband suppressed carrier as described is more easily implemented.

The output of the balanced modulator is applied to a spherical demodulator 34, which recovers the input signal a(t) that is applied to the inner ear 35 and then to the acoustic receptors in the brain 36.

The various components 31-33 of FIG. 3 are easily implemented as shown, for example by the corresponding components 41-42 in FIG. 4, where the Filter 41 can take the form of a low pass filter, such as a constant-K filter formed by series inductor L and a shunt capacitor C. Other low-pass filters are shown, for example, in the ITT Federal Handbook, 4th Ed., 1949. As a result the filter output is AS(f) a 1/f.sup.2. The Root Processor 42 can be implemented by any square-law device, such as the diode D biased by a battery B and in series with a large impedance (resistance) R, so that the voltage developed across the diode D is proportional to the square root of the input voltage a(t)As(f). The balanced modulator 43, as discussed in Terman, op.cit., has symmetrical diodes A1 and A2 with the modulating voltage M applied in opposite phase to the diodes A1 and A2 through an input transformer T1, with the carrier, O, applied commonly to the diodes in the same phase, while the modulating signal is applied to the diodes in opposite phase so that the carrier cancels in the primary of the output transformer T2 and the secondary output is the desired double side band output.

Finally the Spherical Demodulator 45 is the brain as discussed above, or an equivalent mass that provides uniform expansion and contraction due to thermal effects of RF energy.

The invention provides a new and useful encoding for speech on an RF carrier such that the speech will be intelligible to a human subject by means of the RF hearing demodulation phenomena. Features of the invention include the use of AM fully suppressed carrier modulation, the preprocessing of an input speech signal be a compensation filter to de-emphasize the high frequency content by 40 dB per decade and the further processing of the audio signal by adding a bias terms to permit the taking of the square root of the signal before the AM suppressed carrier modulation process.

The invention may also be implemented using the same audio signal processing and Single Sideband (SSB) modulation in place of AM suppressed carrier modulation. The same signal processing may also be used on Conventional AM modulation contains both sideband and the carrier; however, there is a serious disadvantage. The carrier is always present with AM modulation, even when there is no signal. The carrier power does not contain any information but contributes substantially to the heating of the thermal-acoustic demodulator, i.e. the brain, which is undesirable. The degree of this extraneous heating is more than twice the heating caused by the signal or information power in the RF signal. Therefore conventional AM modulation is an inefficient and poor choice compared to the double side-band suppressed carrier and the SSB types of transmissions.

The invention further may be implemented using various degrees of speech compression commonly used with all types of AM modulation. Speech compression is implemented by raising the level of the low amplitude portions of the speech waveform and limiting or compressing the high peak amplitudes of the speech waveform. Speech compression increases the average power content of the waveform and thus loudness. Speech compression introduces some distortion, so that a balance must be made between the increase in distortion and the increase in loudness to obtain the optimum result.

Another implementation is by digital signal processing of the input signal through to the modulation of the RF carrier.

* * * * *

4,877,027



  1. Patent for microwave hearing effect that pre-dates the US Air Force's by more than a decade


US patent 4877027 uses directed-energy to beam sound directly into a targets brain using what appears to be similar mechanisms to the US Air Force's RF Hearing effect system, except bypassing the cochlea and ears, pre-dating it by over a decade.

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from the US Patent and Trade Mark Office: wayne_b_brunkan_1980s_microwave_hearing_system_4877027.pdf

Diagrams from patent filing (click for full size):
Hearing Effect Weapon Patent Diagram 1 Hearing Effect Weapon Patent Diagram 2

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

  ( 1 of 1 )

United States Patent 4,877,027
Brunkan October 31, 1989

Hearing system

Abstract

Sound is induced in the head of a person by radiating the head with microwaves in the range of 100 megahertz to 10,000 megahertz that are modulated with a particular waveform. The waveform consists of frequency modulated bursts. Each burst is made up of ten to twenty uniformly spaced pulses grouped tightly together. The burst width is between 500 nanoseconds and 100 microseconds. The pulse width is in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond. The bursts are frequency modulated by the audio input to create the sensation of hearing in the person whose head is irradiated.


Inventors: Brunkan; Wayne B. (Goleta, CA)
Family ID: 22750839
Appl. No.: 07/202,679
Filed: June 6, 1988

Current U.S. Class: 607/56
Current CPC Class: A61F 11/04 (20130101)
Current International Class: A61F 11/04 (20060101); A61F 11/00 (20060101); A61N 005/00 ()
Field of Search: ;128/420.5,804,419R,421,422,746 ;381/68

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
3629521 December 1971 Puharich et al.
3766331 October 1973 Zink

Other References

Cain et al, "Mammalian Auditory Responses . . . ", IEEE Trans Biomed Eng, pp. 288-293, 1978. .
Frey et al, "Human Perception . . . Energy" Science, 181,356-358, 1973. .
Jaski, "Radio Waves & Life", Radio-Electronics, pp. 45-45, Sep. 1960. .
Microwave Auditory Effects and Applications, Lin, 1978, pp. 176-177..

Primary Examiner: Cohen; Lee S.
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Brelsford; Harry W.

Claims



I claim:

1. Apparatus for creating human hearing comprising:

(a) an audio source for creating electrical audio waves having positive peaks;

(b) a frequency modulator generator connected to the audio source to create frequency modulated bursts;

(c) a source of constant voltage to create a voltage standard that is in the range of 25% to 85% of the peak voltage of the audio waves;

(d) a comparator connected to the voltage source and the audio source to compare the instantaneous voltage of the waves from the audio source with the voltage standard;

(e) a connection of the comparator to the frequency modulator generator to activate the frequency modulator generator when the instantaneous voltage of the audio wave exceeds the standard voltage;

(f) a microwave generator creating microwaves in the range of 100 megahertz to 10,000 megahertz and connected to the frequency modulator generator, generating microwaves only when pulsed by the frequency modulator generator; and

(g) an antenna connected to the microwave generator to radiate the head of a human being to produce the sounds of the audio source.

2. Apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein the frequency generating range of the frequency modulator generator is 1 Khz to 100 KHz for bursts and 100 KHz to 20 MHZ for pulses within a burst.

3. Apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein the frequency generating range of the frequency modulator generator is one Khz to 100 KHz for bursts and 100 KHz to 20 MHZ for pulses within a burst and the duration of each pulse of the frequency modulator generator is in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond.

4. Apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein the voltage standard is approximately 50% of the peak of the audio waves.

5. Apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein the antenna is of the type that projects the microwaves in space to the head of a person. (DOD/NSA ELINT/SIGINT satellites/radar beaming energy to your head, anyone?)

6. Apparatus for creating human hearing comprising:

(a) an oscillator creating an electromagnetic carrier wave at a selected frequency in the range of 100 Mhz to 10,000 Mhz;

(b) a pulse generator connected to said oscillator to pulse the carrier with pulses having a width in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond with a minimum spacing between pulses of about 25 nanoseconds;

(c) a frequency modulator connected to the pulse generator;

(d) an audio signal generator connected to the modulator which modulates the pulses in accordance with the audio signal; and

(e) a transmitting antenna connected to the oscillator to transmit the carrier wave as thus modified to project the electromagnetic energy through space to the head of a person.

7. Apparatus as set forth in claim 6 wherein the modulator is a frequency modulator to vary the density of bursts within an audio envelope as a function of the audio amplitude.

8. The method of irradiating a person's head to produce sound in the head of the person comprising

(a) irradiating the head of a person with microwaves in the range of 100 Mhz to 10,000 Mhz;

(b) pulsing said microwaves with pulses in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond; and

(c) frequency modulating groups of pulses called bursts by audio waves wherein the modulation extends from 1 Khz to 100 Khz.
Description



This invention relates to a hearing system for human beings in which high frequency electromagnetic energy is projected through the air to the head of a human being and the electromagnetic energy is modulated to create signals that can be discerned by the human being regardless of the hearing ability of the person.

THE PRIOR ART

Various types of apparatus and modes of application have been proposed and tried to inject intelligible sounds into the heads of human beings. Some of these have been devised to simulate speech and other sounds in deaf persons and other systems have been used to inject intelligible signals in persons of good hearing, but bypassing the normal human hearing organs.

U.S. Pat. No. 3,629,521 issued Dec. 21, 1971 describes the use of a pair of electrodes applied to a person's head to inject speech into the head of a deaf person. An oscillator creates a carrier in the range of 18 to 36 KHz that is amplitude modulated by a microphone.

Science magazine volume 181, page 356 describes a hearing system utilizing a radio frequency carrier of 1.245 GHz delivered through the air by means of a waveguide and horn antenna. The carrier was pulsed at the rate of 50 pulses per second. The human test subject reported a buzzing sound and the intensity varied with the peak power.

Similar methods of creating "clicks" inside the human head are reported in I.E.E.E. Transactions of Biomedical Engineering, volume BME 25, No. 3, May 1978.

The transmission of intelligible speech by audio modulated Microwave is described in the book Microwave Auditory Effects and Applications by James C. Lin 1978 publisher Charles C. Thomas.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

I have discovered that a pulsed signal on a radio frequency carrier of about 1,000 megahertz (1000 MHz) is effective in creating intelligible signals inside the head of a person if this electromagnetic (EM) energy is projected through the air to the head of the person. Intelligible signals are applied to the carrier by microphone or other audio source and I cause the bursts to be frequency modulated. The bursts are composed of a group of pulses. The pulses are carefully selected for peak strength and pulse width. Various objects, advantages and features of the invention will be apparent in the specification and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings forming an integral part of this specification:

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the system of the invention.

FIG. 2 is a diagram of an audio wave which is the input to be perceived by the recipient.

FIG. 3 is a diagram on the same time coordinate as FIG. 2 showing bursts that are frequency modulated by the wave form of FIG. 2.

FIG. 4 shows, on an enlarged time coordinate, that each vertical line depicted in FIG. 3 is a burst of pulses. (A burst is a group of pulses).

FIG. 5 shows, on a further enlarged time coordinate, a single continues pulse, Depicted as a vertical line in FIG. 4.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Inasmuch as microwaves can damage human tissue, any projected energy must be carefully regulated to stay within safe limits. The guideline for 1,000 MHz, set by the American Standards Institute, is 3.3 mw/cm2 (3.3 milliwatts per square centimeter). The apparatus described herein must be regulated to stay within this upper limit.

Referring to FIG. 1 a microphone 10 or other generator of audio frequencies, delivers its output by wire 11 to an FM capable pulse generator 12 and by branch wire 13 to a comparator 14. The comparator 14 also receives a signal from a voltage standard 16. When the peak voltage of the audio generator 10 falls below the standard 16 the comparator delivers a signal by wire 17 to the FM capable pulse generator 12 to shut down the pulse generator 12. This avoids spurious signals being generated. The output of the FM pulse generator 12 is delivered by wire 18 to a microwave generator 19 which delivers its output to the head of a human being 23. In this fashion the person 23 is radiated with microwaves that are in short bursts.

The microwave generator 19 operates at a steady frequency presently preferred at 1,000 megahertz (1,000 million). I presently prefer to pulse the microwave energy at pulse widths of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond. For any one setting of the FM capable generator 12, this width is fixed. The pulses are arranged in bursts. The timing between bursts is controlled by the height of the audio envelope above the voltage standard line. In addition the bursts are spaced from one another at a non-uniform rate of 1 to 100 KHz. This non-uniform spacing of bursts is created in the FM capable generator 12.

Referring to FIG. 2 there is illustrated an audio wave 27 generated by the audio input 10 wherein the horizontal axis is time and the vertical axis is voltage. For illustrative purposes the wave 27 is shown as having a voltage peak 28 on the left part of FIG. 2 and a voltage peak 29 of the right side of FIG. 2. The voltage standard 16 of FIG. 1 generates a dc voltage designated at 31 in FIG. 2. This standard voltage is preferably at about 50% of the peak voltage 28. The comparator 14 of FIG. 1 actuates the FM capable generator 12 only when the positive envelope of the audio wave 27 exceeds the voltage standard. The negative portions of the audio wave are not utilized.

Referring now to FIG. 3 there is illustrated two groups of bursts of microwave energy that are delivered by the antenna 22 of FIG. 1 to the head of the person 23. FIG. 3 has a horizontal time axis identical to the time axis of FIG. 2 and has a vertical axis that in this case represents the power of the microwaves from generator 19. At the left part of FIG. 3 are a plurality of microwave bursts 32 that occur on the time axis from the point of intersection of the standard voltage 31 with the positive part of the audio wave 27, designated as the time point 33 to time point 34 on FIG. 2. It will be noted in FIG. 3 that the bursts 32 are non-uniform in spacing and that they are closer together at the time of maximum audio voltage 28 and are more spread out toward the time points 33 and 34. This is the frequency modulation effected by the FM pulse generator 12.

Referring to the right part of FIG. 3 there are a plurality of microwave bursts 36 that are fewer in number and over a shorter time period than the pulses 32. These extend on the time axis of FIG. 2 from point 37 to point 38. These bursts 36 are also frequency modulated with the closest groupings appearing opposite peak 29 of FIG. 2 and greater spacing near time points 37 and 38.

Referring now to FIG. 4 there is illustrated the fact that a single burst shown as straight lines 32 or 36 on FIG. 3 are made up of ten to twenty separate microwave pulses. The duration of the burst is between 500 nanoseconds and 100 microseconds, with an optimum of 2 microseconds. The duration of each pulse within the burst is 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond and a time duration of 100 nanoseconds is preferred. The bursts 32 of FIG. 3 are spaced non-uniformly from each other caused by the frequency modulation of 12. FIG. 4 depicts a burst. Each vertical line 40 in FIG. 4 represents a single pulse. Each pulse is represented by the envelope 41 of FIG. 5. The pulses within a burst are spaced uniformly from each other. The spacing between pulses may vary from 5 nanoseconds to 10 microseconds.

Referring now to FIG. 3, the concentration of bursts 32 opposite the peak 28 of FIG. 2 can be expressed as a frequency of repetition. I presently prefer to adjust the FM capable generator 12 to have a maximum frequency of repetition in the range of 25 Khz to 100 Khz. I deliberately keep this range low to reduce the amount of heating caused by the microwaves. The wider spacing of the pulses 32 opposite the cutoff points 33 and 34 of FIG. 2 can also be expressed as a frequency of repetition and I presently prefer a minimum repetition rate of 1 KHz. I find that this low repetition rate, although in the audio range, does not disrupt the transmission of auoio intelligence to the person 23. The aim, again, is to reduce the amount of heat transmitted to the subject 23.

OPERATION

Referring to FIG. 1, the intelligence to be perceived by the person 23 is introduced at the audio source 10 which may be a microphone for voice, or a tape player for music, instruction, etc. This audio signal is transmitted to the FM capable generator 12 and to the comparator 14. The comparator 14 compares the positive portions of the audio wave with voltage from the voltage standard 16 and when the audio wave instantaneously exceeds the standard voltage, the FM generator is actuated by the wire 17 connecting the comparator 14 and the FM generator 12. The FM generator 12 then sends a plurality of signals to the microwave generator 19 at each peak of the audio wave above the voltage standard.

This is shown graphically in FIGS. 2-5. The audio signal 27 of FIG. 2 exceeds the standard voltage 31 at point 33 whereupon the FM generator 12 starts emitting burst signals 32 at its lowest frequency of about 1 Khz. As time progresses past point 33 the voltage above the standard increases and the FM generator 12 responds by making the burst signals closer together until at peak 28 the maximum density of burst signals 32 is achieved, for example at a frequency of 50 Khz. The time duration of each pulse 40 (FIG. 4) is also controlled by a fixed adjustment of the FM generator 12 and for example the duration may be 100 nanoseconds.

The frequency modulated burst signals are delivered by FM generator 12 to the microwave generator as interrupted dc and the microwave generator is turned on in response to each pulse 40 and its output is delivered by coaxial cable 21 to the parabolic antenna 22 to project microwaves onto the head of a person 23. These microwaves penetrate the brain enough so that the electrical activity inside of the brain produces the sensation of sound. When the parameters are adjusted for the particular individual, he perceives intelligible audio, entirely independently of his external hearlng organs.

PRESENTLY PREFERRED QUANTITIES

As mentioned previously, I prefer rhat the standard voltage 31 of FIG. 2 be about 50% of peak audio voltage. This not only helps to reduce heating in the person 2 but also reduces spurious audio. This 50% is not vital and the useful range is 25% to 85% of peak audio.

The minimum burst repetition frequency (for example at time points 33 and 34) is preferably 1 KHz and the maximum repetition frequency is in the range of 25 KHz to 100 KHz, with the lower frequencies resulting in less heating.

The time duration of each individual pulse of microwave radiation is in the range of 10 nanoseconds to 1 microsecond as indicated in FIG. 5, with the shorter time periods resulting in less heating.

CONTROL OF POWER OUTPUT

As stated above, I maintain the power output of the parabolic antenna 22 within the present safe standard of 3.3 mw/cm2 (3.3 milliwatts per square centimeter). I control the power output by controlling the strength of the audio modulation. This results in a duty cycle of 0.005, the decimal measure of the time in any second that the transmitter is on full power. The peak power level can be between 500 mw and 5 w and at 0.005 duty cycle these peaks will result in an average power of 2.5 mw and 25 mw respectively. However, these values are further reduced by adjusting the audio modulation so that zero input produces a zero output. Since a voice signal, for example, is at maximum amplitude only a small fraction of the rime, the average power will be below the 3.3 mw/cm2 standard, even with 5 watts peak power.

THEORY OF OPERATION

I have not been able to experiment to determine how my microwave system works, but from my interpretation of prior work done in this field I believe that the process is as follows. Any group of bursts related to the audio ek 28 of FIG. 2 causes an increasing ultrasonic build up within the head of a human being starting with a low level for the first bursts pulses and building up to a high level with the last bursts pulses of a group. This buildup, I believe, causes the direct discharge of random brain neurons. These discharges at audio frequency create a perception of sound. This process, I believe, bypasses the normal hearing organs and can create sound in a person who is nerve-dead deaf. However, this theory of operation is only my guess and may prove to be in error in the future.

APPARATUS

The apparatus of FIG. 1 for carrying out my invention may include as a microwave generator Model PH40K of Applied Microwave Laboratories and described as Signal Source. The cable 21 connecting the microwave generator 19 and the antenna is RG8 coaxial cable by Belden Industries. The antenna 22 may be a standard parabolic antenna. The FM generator 12 has to be specially built to include the spacing function which is obtained by a frequency generator built into a standard FM generator.

I have described my invention with respect to a presently preferred embodiment as required by the patent statutes. It will be apparent to those skilled in the technology that many variations, modification and additions can be made. All such variations, modifications and additions that come within the true spirit and scope of the invention are included in the claims.

* * * * *


3,393,279



  1. Patent for the neurophone, the first synthetic telepathy based technology, from 1968


US patent 3393279 uses directed-energy to beam sound directly through a targets body/nervous system using what appears to be similar mechanisms to the US Air Force's RF Hearing effect system, pre-dating it by over three decades.

All of these different technologies are built around the same principles of directed-energy and are built into the militaries radar/directed energy weapons and imaging platforms, allowing human and animal manipulation and targeting.

PDF from the US Patent and Trade Mark Office: dr_patrick_flanagan_nervous_system_excitation_device_3393279.pdf

Diagrams from patent filing (click for full size):
Nervous System Excitation Device Patent Diagram 1 Nervous System Excitation Device Patent Diagram 2

Note: Patents in References Cited for each patent worth reviewing to find similar inventions and new insights.

Nervous System Excitation Device, or neurophone was one of the first technologies invented for remotely stimulating the nervous system of a person. In fact, at age 14, Dr. Patrick Flanagan applied to the US PTO with a patent application, for a technology that he called "nervous system excitation device". He claimed it could link peoples brains and communicate sound even to the deaf. The patent was initially denied by the PTO unless Patrick could demo the device on a deaf person, getting them to hear. Apparently, it worked. But before this demo took place, the Department of Defense approached Patrick, and got information about the technology from him. Apparently this is one of the first enabling technologies behind "synthetic telepathy". Later, Patrick would have a career working for the DOD, CIA, NSA, NASA, and other agencies developing weapons based on this technology. Read below for his biography from his own website:

Dr. Patrick Flanagan invented the Neurophone in 1958. It is an electronic nervous system excitation device that transmits sound through the skin directly to the brain, for which he received U.S. Patent no.3,393,279 in 1968.

The invention earned him a profile in Life magazine, which called him a "unique, mature and inquisitive scientist". Flanagan has continued to develop the neurophone and it is currently being sold as an aid to speed learning.

Flanagan at age eleven developed and sold a guided missile detector to the U.S. Military, aged seventeen gained his air pilot's license and was employed by a Think Tank at The Pentagon, and later as a consultant to the NSA, CIA, NASA, Tufts University, the Office of Naval Research, and the Aberdeen Proving Grounds for the Department of Unconventional Weapons and Warfare.

Since 1981 Flanagan has invented a series of useful devices and products based on water and specific mineral structures, in the area of health. Several of these have been very successful in the marketplace. His identification of the special properties of the negative hydride ion while once ridiculed got serious attention when the Nobelist Chandrasekhar proposed it as a major component in far space. Several scientific papers by Flanagan, about Silica Hydride have been published in peer reviewed journals such as the 'International Journal of Hydrogen Energy', and 'Free Radical Biology and Medicine'.

Flanagan actively continues his activities as scientist and inventor and philanthropist, promoting the really new science and new approaches to human healing, especially those based on the great traditions of India and Egypt.

For decades, Dr. Flanagan has openly invited stringent scrutiny of his research and discoveries by the medical and scientific communities. The seeds of this effort are blossoming at an exponential rate as the scientific community is validating and embracing his extraordinary contributions. Academics and researchers at universities from Oxford to Stanford are beginning to study Dr. Flanagan's breakthrough discoveries and teach them to Scientists of the future.


Here's a description of the device and what it does:

Pat calls his device the "neurophone" and the process it operates by ''neuroception.'' Essentially what it does, he thinks, is transmit electrical messages-identical to those sounds generate--through the body's nervous system direct to the brain. Hence he can place the neurophone's earmuff someone's spine or solar plexus, plug up his subject's ears, and the person will still "hear." Obviously if the neurophone in fact does what it seems to do, Pat has come a long way toward short-circuiting the body's ordinary sensory processes and giving man unprecedented access to his brain. Other inventors-many with a lot more experience and facilities than Pat-have been seeking such a device for years, and Pat explains his success versus their failure as a product of his own vigorous one-man approach to science. I believe research in the problem of electronic hearing has been limited because inventors haven't been able to use human subjects as guinea pigs. An animal can't tell you just what he heard or how clearly he heard it. But I was my own guinea pig and I wasn't restricted by the possible bad effects, and I got the secret."


The patent links, and other related patents to this technology:

6011991, US Defense Contractor's patent for remote brain computer interface/neural monitoring apparatus | 3951134, Malech's 1974 patent for distant brain reading and brain wave manipulation using radio waves/radar systems | 6470214, US Air Force patent, RF Hearing Effect for beaming sound at a persons skull/tissue using microwaves | 6587729, US Air Force patent, RF Hearing Effect for beaming speech at a persons skull/tissue using microwaves - voice to skull/v2k is one of many components, a spectrum of remote nerve/brain/environmental manipulation capabilities of this electromagnetic weapons system. They also have the ability to remotely scan you and your environment with electromagnetic imaging/radar, which allows them to image particles and objects remotely, basically allowing them to see and hear through walls with greater resolution than has anything before ever been disclosed. This weapon can persistently track and monitor you from a variety of sources, and target your body physically, even under cover of a house, building, car, earth, or mountain. There is no place on earth that you can evade it if they target you.
Copyright © 2012, 2013, 2014 Todd Giffen


oregonstatehospital.net/obamasweapon.com/obamassecret.com: These are Barack Obama's secrets and I am his secret torture victim.